Artificial chemistries (eBook, 2015) [WorldCat.org]
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Artificial chemistries
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Artificial chemistries

Author: Wolfgang Banzhaf; Lidia Yamamoto
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press, [2015] ©2015
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The field of Artificial life (ALife) is now firmly established in the scientific world, but it has yet to achieve one of its original goals: an understanding of the emergence of life on Earth. The new field of artificial chemistries draws from chemistry, biology, computer science, mathematics, and other disciplines to work toward that goal. For if, as it has been argued, life emerged from pirmitive, prebiotic forms  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Banzhaf, Wolfgang, 1955-
Artificial chemistries
(DLC) 2014046071
(OCoLC)898113409
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Wolfgang Banzhaf; Lidia Yamamoto
ISBN: 9780262329460 0262329468 0262329476 9780262329477
OCLC Number: 913742479
Language Note: English.
Description: 1 online resource (xv, 555 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents: I. Foundations --
Introduction --
Basic concepts of artificial chemistries --
The matrix chemistry as an example --
Computing chemical reaction --
II. Life and evolution --
The chemistry of life --
The essence of life --
Evolution --
Complexity and open-ended evolution --
III. Approaches to artificial chemistries --
Rewriting systems --
Automata and machines --
Bio-inspired artificial chemistries --
IV. Order construction --
The structure of organizations --
The dynamics of organizations --
Self-organization and emergent phenomena --
Constructive dynamical systems --
V. Applications --
Applications of artificial chemistries --
Computing with artificial chemistries --
Modeling biological systems --
Wet artificial chemistries --
Beyond chemistry and biology --
VI. Conclusions --
Summary and perspectives.
Responsibility: Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto.

Abstract:

The field of Artificial life (ALife) is now firmly established in the scientific world, but it has yet to achieve one of its original goals: an understanding of the emergence of life on Earth. The new field of artificial chemistries draws from chemistry, biology, computer science, mathematics, and other disciplines to work toward that goal. For if, as it has been argued, life emerged from pirmitive, prebiotic forms of self-organizations, then studying models of chemical reaction systems could bring ALife closer to understanding the origins of life. In artificial chemistries (ACs), the emphasis is on creating new interactions rather than new materials. The results can be found in both the virtual world, in certain multiagent systems, and in the physical world, in new (artificial) reaction systems. This book offers an introduction to the fundamental concepts of ACs, covering both theory and practical applications. After a general overview of the field and its methodology, the book reviews important aspects of biology, including basic mechanisms of evolution; discusses examples of ACs drawn from the literature; considers fundamental questions of how surveys a range of applications, which include computing, systems modeling in biology, and synthetic life. An appendix provides a Python toolkit for implementing ACs. -- from back cover.

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