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Assessment of exposure of workers and swimmers to trihalomethanes in an indoor swimming pool.
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Assessment of exposure of workers and swimmers to trihalomethanes in an indoor swimming pool.

Auteur : J Caro Affiliation: Department of Analytical Chemistry, Campus of Rabanales, University of Córdoba, E-14071 Córdoba, Spain.; M Gallego
Édition/format: Article Article : Anglais
Source:Environmental science & technology, 2007 Jul 01; 41(13): 4793-8
Autres bases de données: WorldCatWorldCat
Résumé:
A simultaneous study on workers' and swimmers' exposure to trihalomethanes (THMs) in an indoor swimming pool has been carried out by analyzing urine samples using the headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. The subjects of this study were male and female workers of an indoor swimming pool as well as swimmers regularly attending the pool. The results reported show that only chloroform and  Lire la suite...
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Détails

Type de document: Article
Tous les auteurs / collaborateurs: J Caro Affiliation: Department of Analytical Chemistry, Campus of Rabanales, University of Córdoba, E-14071 Córdoba, Spain.; M Gallego
ISSN:0013-936X
Note sur la langue: English
Identificateur Unique : 165211189
Récompenses:

Résumé:

A simultaneous study on workers' and swimmers' exposure to trihalomethanes (THMs) in an indoor swimming pool has been carried out by analyzing urine samples using the headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. The subjects of this study were male and female workers of an indoor swimming pool as well as swimmers regularly attending the pool. The results reported show that only chloroform and bromodichloromethane were detected in the urine of those people exposed, which can be used as a specific index of exposure to these compounds. THM uptake of swimmers after 1 h of swimming was higher than that of workers after a 4 h work shift since THM levels in the workers' urine were associated only with inhalation, while levels in swimmers' urine were mainly associated with dermal absorption, apart from inhalation and occasional ingestion, as well as increased uptake due to the physical stress (swimming). The kinetics of THM excretion in the urine of the participants exposed has been calculated after termination of the exposure to select the sampling time and determine the elimination process. An interval of 15 min after exposure was selected as the sampling time, and the absorbed dosage was eliminated by 2 h after exposure. A good correlation between THM concentrations found in the swimming pool water and the urinary THM concentrations of the people affected after exposure has also been obtained.

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Primary Entity

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