Austria in the first Cold War, 1945-55 : the leverage of the weak (eBook, 1999) [WorldCat.org]
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Austria in the first Cold War, 1945-55 : the leverage of the weak

Author: Günter Bischof
Publisher: Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1999.
Series: Cold War history series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The four great powers occupied and controlled Austria after its liberation. Austrians were involved in Hitler's war crimes, yet Austrian diplomacy persuaded the world and its own population that Austria was a victim. While the Soviets concentrated on the economic exploitation of Austria, the Western powers feared a Communist takeover. American economic aid totalling $1.5 billion guaranteed the economic survival and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Bischof, Günter, 1953-
Austria in the first Cold War, 1945-55.
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1999
(DLC) 98049492
(OCoLC)40397960
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Günter Bischof
ISBN: 9780230372313 0230372317 0333725476 9780333725474 0312220200 9780312220204
OCLC Number: 759110513
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 237 pages) : map
Contents: Preface and Acknowledgements --
Introduction --
PART I: THE AUSTRIANS' ROLE AND ALLIED PLANNING DURING WORLD WAR II --
No Indigestion: The Anschluss --
Perpetrators and Victims: Austrians in World War II --
Between Responsibility and Rehabilitation: Allied Planning for Postwar Austria --
PART II: THE ANGLO-SOVIET COLD WAR OVER AUSTRIA, 1945-46 --
The Rape of Austria: Liberation Soviet-Style --
The Looting of Austria: The Soviets and Austrian Reparations --
The Showdown: British Containment of Soviet Action --
PART III: PRESENT AT THE CREATION OF AUSTRIAN FOREIGN POLICY, 1945-46 --
The Agenda: Investing a Usable past --
The Campaign: Selling a Usable Past --
Whither Austria? Between East and East --
PART IV: AUSTRIAN ECONOMIC MALAISE: SOVIET-AMERICAN COLD WAR OVER AUSTRIA, 1946-47 --
The Take: Soviet Economic Pressure and the Origins of the Cold War in Austria --
The Dilemma: Austrian Economic Problems --
The Response: Washington and Austrian Economic Recovery --
PART V: IN THE SHADOW OF GERMANY: THE MILITARIZATION OF THE COLD WAR IN AUSTRIA, 1948-52 --
A Treaty: Austrian Treaty Negotiations in the Shadow of Germany --
No Treaty: The Communist Threat and the Militarization of Austria --
Short Treaty? The Ice Age of the First Cold War --
PART VI: AFTER STALIN'S DEATH: 'PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE' AND THE CONCLUSION OF THE AUSTRIAN TREATY, 1953-55 --
Peaceful Coexistence? The Western Response to Stalin's Death --
No Coexistence: The Berlin CFM and the Demise of Austrian Treaty Diplomacy --
The Leverage of the Weak: The Culmination of Austro-Soviet Bilateral Diplomacy and the Conclusion of the Austrian Treaty --
Conclusion --
Notes and References --
Select Bibliography --
Index.
Series Title: Cold War history series.
Responsibility: Günter Bischof.
More information:

Abstract:

The four great powers occupied and controlled Austria after its liberation. Austrians were involved in Hitler's war crimes, yet Austrian diplomacy persuaded the world and its own population that Austria was a victim. While the Soviets concentrated on the economic exploitation of Austria, the Western powers feared a Communist takeover. American economic aid totalling $1.5 billion guaranteed the economic survival and political stability of Austria and `balanced off' the same amount in reparations extracted by the Soviets from their zone. At the height of Cold War tensions, Western observers considered Austria 'Europe's Korea'. The re-armament of Austria was initiated before the German one - Austria became a 'secret ally' of the West. After eight years of negotiations the Austrian treaty was concluded in May 1955. Shrewd bilateral Austrian diplomacy with Stalin's successors in the Kremlin led to the breakthrough and demonstrated that the weak had leverage in manoeuvring between the superpowers.

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