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The Battle against Exclusion : Social Assistance in Canada and Switzerland

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Publisher: Paris : OECD Publishing, 1999.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Preventing hardship among those with few or no resources is no easy task. Today, institutions whose goal is to help those at the margins seek to integrate and encourage them in order to avoid social exclusion. How can social assistance best balance the adequacy of benefits with financial incentives to work? What policy measures are essential to promote independence and reduce (intergenerational) welfare dependence?  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
ISBN: 1280083506 9781280083501 9786610083503 6610083509 9264173978 9789264173972 9264171088 9789264171084
OCLC Number: 1058371874
Language Note: English.
Description: 1 online resource (184 pages) : illustrations
Contents: Chapter 1. Introduction to the Review --
Chapter 2. The Social Policy Context --
Chapter 3. The Benefit Systems --
Chapter 4. Clients and Safety Net Provisions: Adequacy, Access, and Attitudes --
Chapter 5. Avoiding Long-Term Dependency --
Chapter 6. Policy Coherence --
Chapter 7. Conclusions.
Other Titles: Social Assistance in Canada and Switzerland
Battle against Exclusion: Social Assistance in Canada and Switzerland
Responsibility: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Abstract:

Preventing hardship among those with few or no resources is no easy task. Today, institutions whose goal is to help those at the margins seek to integrate and encourage them in order to avoid social exclusion. How can social assistance best balance the adequacy of benefits with financial incentives to work? What policy measures are essential to promote independence and reduce (intergenerational) welfare dependence? What can be done to promote individual responsibility in societies where taxpayers and voters are explicitly regarded as major stakeholders in social policy? These are some of the most pressing social issues this book addresses by comparing social assistance policies in four Canadian provinces -- Alberta, New Brunswick, Ontario and Saskatchewan -- and four Swiss cantons -- Graubünden, Ticino, Vaud and Zürich. In Switzerland, few people were forced to rely on social assistance until unemployment rose sharply at the beginning of the 1990s. The authorities are now struggling with how to promote social inclusion by keeping benefit levels high whilst at the same time improving measures designed to get benefit recipients back into work. In Canada, all provinces have stressed the role of work as the best way of avoiding benefit dependency, and some provinces have also cut benefit levels and restricted access to benefits. The success of Canada in reducing social assistance benefit dependency stands out in an area of social protection where across the developed world there are remarkably few such successes. Further reading This book is part of "The Battle against Exclusion" series, consisting of comparative studies of social assistance policies. To get a more comprehensive picture of social policies in OECD countries, please consult the first two volumes of the series, both published in 1998: the first volume covers Australia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom, and the second volume, Belgium, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands and Norway.

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