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Beauty shop politics : African American women's activism in the beauty industry

Author: Tiffany M Gill
Publisher: Urbana ; Chicago : University of Illinois Press, [2010] ©2010
Series: Women in American history.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This work is a reassessment of black beauty salons as vital sites for social change. Looking through the lens of black business history, it shows how black beauticians in the Jim Crow era parlayed their economic independence and access to a public community space into platforms for activism. The author argues that the beauty industry played a crucial role in the creation of the modern black female identity and that  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Beauty shop politics
(DLC) 2009020148
Material Type: Document, Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Tiffany M Gill
ISBN: 9780252095542 0252095545
OCLC Number: 914305114
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Introduction: Finding politics in unexpected places : the matrix of beauty, business, and politics --
Beauty pioneers : racial uplift and gender in the creation of a Black business community --
"Link up with us" : Black beauty culture, racial politics, and the new Negro woman --
"This industry is not typical, but exceptional" : redefining entrepreneurship and activism in the 1930s and 1940s --
"We could turn the whole world over" : the international presence of African American beauticians in the postwar world --
"Black beauticians were very important" : Southern beauty activists and the modern Black freedom struggle --
"Among the things that used to be" : beauticians, health activism, and the politics of dignity in the post-civil rights era.
Series Title: Women in American history.
Responsibility: Tiffany M. Gill.

Abstract:

Shows how black beauticians in the Jim Crow era parlayed their economic independence and access to a public community space into platforms for activism. This book argues that the beauty industry  Read more...

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"A tremendous contribution to African-American history. Beauty Shop Politics demonstrates the central role of black women in the history of black business and shows how black businesswomen challenged Read more...

 
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(d\u00E9but)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/schwarze_frau<\/a>> ; # Schwarze Frau<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_american_business_enterprises<\/a>> ; # African American business enterprises<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/politisches_engagement<\/a>> ; # Politisches Engagement<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/businesswomen_political_activity_united_states_history_20th_century<\/a>> ; # Businesswomen--Political activity--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_civil_rights_history_20th_century<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> ; # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_american_beauty_operators_political_activity_history_20th_century<\/a>> ; # African American beauty operators--Political activity--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_politics_and_government_20th_century<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Politics and government--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_economic_conditions_20th_century<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Economic conditions--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Place\/united_states<\/a>> ; # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/afro_americain_peuple_estheticienne_etats_unis_20e_s_21e_s_debut<\/a>> ; # Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--esth\u00E9ticienne--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. (d\u00E9but)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/activisme_afro_americain_peuple_cosmetique_engagement_politique_femme_industrie_etats_unis_20e_s_21e_s_debut<\/a>> ; # activisme--Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--cosm\u00E9tique--engagement politique--femme--industrie--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. (d\u00E9but)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_american_women_political_activists_history_20th_century<\/a>> ; # African American women political activists--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_civil_rights<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Civil rights<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/beauty_culture_political_aspects_united_states_history_20th_century<\/a>> ; # Beauty culture--Political aspects--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/afro_americain_peuple_entrepreneur_economie_politique_femme_emancipation_soins_de_beaute_etats_unis_20e_s_21e_s_debut<\/a>> ; # Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--entrepreneur (\u00E9conomie politique)--femme--\u00E9mancipation--soins de beaut\u00E9--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. 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Gill<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2010<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"This work is a reassessment of black beauty salons as vital sites for social change. Looking through the lens of black business history, it shows how black beauticians in the Jim Crow era parlayed their economic independence and access to a public community space into platforms for activism. The author argues that the beauty industry played a crucial role in the creation of the modern black female identity and that the seemingly frivolous space of a beauty salon actually has stimulated social, political, and economic change. From the founding of the National Negro Business League in 1900 and onward, African Americans have embraced the entrepreneurial spirit by starting their own businesses, but black women\'s forays into the business world were overshadowed by those of black men. With a broad scope that encompasses the role of gossip in salons, ethnic beauty products, and the social meanings of African American hair textures, she shows how African American beauty entrepreneurs built and sustained a vibrant culture of activism in beauty salons and schools. Enhanced by portrayals of black beauticians and drawing on archival research and oral histories, this woork conveys the everyday operations and rich culture of black beauty salons as well as their role in building community.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Introduction: Finding politics in unexpected places : the matrix of beauty, business, and politics -- Beauty pioneers : racial uplift and gender in the creation of a Black business community -- \"Link up with us\" : Black beauty culture, racial politics, and the new Negro woman -- \"This industry is not typical, but exceptional\" : redefining entrepreneurship and activism in the 1930s and 1940s -- \"We could turn the whole world over\" : the international presence of African American beauticians in the postwar world -- \"Black beauticians were very important\" : Southern beauty activists and the modern Black freedom struggle -- \"Among the things that used to be\" : beauticians, health activism, and the politics of dignity in the post-civil rights era.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/892286739<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Government publication<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Electronic books<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Series\/women_in_american_history<\/a>> ; # Women in American history.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#CreativeWork\/beauty_shop_politics<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Beauty shop politics : African American women\'s activism in the beauty industry<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"914305114<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/www.overdrive.com\/search?q=AB935AB5-357E-460B-B7AE-956F8D7B838F<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> \"http:\/\/images.contentreserve.com\/ImageType-100\/4808-1\/{AB935AB5-357E-460B-B7AE-956F8D7B838F}Img100.jpg<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/samples.overdrive.com\/?crid=ab935ab5-357e-460b-b7ae-956f8d7b838f&.epub-sample.overdrive.com<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780252095542<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBB011584<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/914305114<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_american_business_enterprises_history_20th_century<\/a>> # African American business enterprises--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American business enterprises--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_american_women_political_activists<\/a>> # African American women political activists<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American women political activists<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_american_women_political_activists_history_20th_century<\/a>> # African American women political activists--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American women political activists--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_civil_rights_history_20th_century<\/a>> # African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_economic_conditions<\/a>> # African Americans--Economic conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Economic conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_economic_conditions_20th_century<\/a>> # African Americans--Economic conditions--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Economic conditions--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_politics_and_government<\/a>> # African Americans--Politics and government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Politics and government<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/african_americans_politics_and_government_20th_century<\/a>> # African Americans--Politics and government--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Politics and government--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/afro_americain_peuple_entrepreneur_economie_politique_femme_emancipation_soins_de_beaute_etats_unis_20e_s_21e_s_debut<\/a>> # Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--entrepreneur (\u00E9conomie politique)--femme--\u00E9mancipation--soins de beaut\u00E9--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. (d\u00E9but)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--entrepreneur (\u00E9conomie politique)--femme--\u00E9mancipation--soins de beaut\u00E9--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. (d\u00E9but)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/afro_americain_peuple_estheticienne_etats_unis_20e_s_21e_s_debut<\/a>> # Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--esth\u00E9ticienne--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. (d\u00E9but)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Afro-am\u00E9ricain (peuple)--esth\u00E9ticienne--Etats-Unis--20e s.--21e s. (d\u00E9but)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/beauty_culture_economic_aspects_united_states_history_20th_century<\/a>> # Beauty culture--Economic aspects--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Beauty culture--Economic aspects--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/beauty_culture_political_aspects_united_states_history_20th_century<\/a>> # Beauty culture--Political aspects--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Beauty culture--Political aspects--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/businesswomen_political_activity_united_states_history_20th_century<\/a>> # Businesswomen--Political activity--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Businesswomen--Political activity--United States--History--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/kosmetikindustrie<\/a>> # Kosmetikindustrie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kosmetikindustrie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/politisches_engagement<\/a>> # Politisches Engagement<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Politisches Engagement<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Race relations<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#Topic\/schwarze_frau<\/a>> # Schwarze Frau<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Schwarze Frau<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ilu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"ilu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/892286739#CreativeWork\/beauty_shop_politics<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"Beauty shop politics<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Print version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/914305114<\/a>> ; # Beauty shop politics : African American women\'s activism in the beauty industry<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780252095542<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0252095545<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780252095542<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/914305114<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/914305114<\/a>> ; # Beauty shop politics : African American women\'s activism in the beauty industry<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-05-13<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n