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Becoming free, becoming Black : race, freedom, and law in Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana

Author: Alejandro de la Fuente; Ariela Julie Gross
Publisher: Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2020.
Series: Studies in legal history.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
How did Africans become 'blacks' in the Americas? Becoming Free, Becoming Black tells the story of enslaved and free people of color who used the law to claim freedom and citizenship for themselves and their loved ones. Their communities challenged slaveholders' efforts to make blackness synonymous with slavery. Looking closely at three slave societies - Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana - Alejandro de la Fuente and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Alejandro de la Fuente; Ariela Julie Gross
ISBN: 9781108480642 1108480640
OCLC Number: 1104859661
Description: xiv, 281 pages : illustrations (black and white), maps (black and white) ; 24 cm.
Contents: "A Negro and by consequence an alien" : local regulations and the making of race, 1500s-1700s --
The "inconvenience" of Black freedom : manumission, 1500s-1700s --
"The natural right of all mankind" : claiming freedom in the Age of Revolution, 1760-1830 --
"Rules ... for their expulsion" : foreclosing freedom, 1830-1860 --
"Not of the same blood" : policing racial boundaries, 1830-1860 --
Conclusion: "Home-born citizens" : the significance of free people of color.
Series Title: Studies in legal history.
Responsibility: Alejandro de la Fuente, Ariela J. Gross.

Abstract:

Becoming Free, Becoming Black offers the first comparative study of law, race, and freedom in the Americas from the sixteenth to mid-nineteenth centuries. Slaveholders linked blackness and slavery in  Read more...

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'At a moment when 'Send Them Back' has reemerged as a nativist rallying cry, Becoming Free, Becoming Black is a brilliantly lucid guide to the deep history of how race and ethnic origin came to be Read more...

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1104859661<\/a>> # Becoming free, becoming Black : race, freedom, and law in Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"1104859661<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/enk<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks_legal_status_laws_etc_america_history<\/a>> ; # Blacks--Legal status, laws, etc.--America--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation_louisiana_history<\/a>> ; # Slavery--Law and legislation--Louisiana--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/305.800973\/e23\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/louisiana<\/a>> ; # Louisiana.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_america_history<\/a>> ; # Slavery--America--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/america<\/a>> ; # America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/virginia<\/a>> ; # Virginia.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery<\/a>> ; # Slavery<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks<\/a>> ; # Blacks<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation_cuba_history<\/a>> ; # Slavery--Law and legislation--Cuba--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation<\/a>> ; # Slavery--Law and legislation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> ; # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks_legal_status_laws_etc<\/a>> ; # Blacks--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/cuba<\/a>> ; # Cuba.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/african_americans_legal_status_laws_etc_history<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks_america_history<\/a>> ; # Blacks--America--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/african_americans_legal_status_laws_etc<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation_virginia_history<\/a>> ; # Slavery--Law and legislation--Virginia--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Person\/fuente_alejandro_de_la_1963<\/a>> ; # Alejandro de la Fuente<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Person\/gross_ariela_julie<\/a>> ; # Ariela Julie Gross<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2020<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"\"A Negro and by consequence an alien\" : local regulations and the making of race, 1500s-1700s -- The \"inconvenience\" of Black freedom : manumission, 1500s-1700s -- \"The natural right of all mankind\" : claiming freedom in the Age of Revolution, 1760-1830 -- \"Rules ... for their expulsion\" : foreclosing freedom, 1830-1860 -- \"Not of the same blood\" : policing racial boundaries, 1830-1860 -- Conclusion: \"Home-born citizens\" : the significance of free people of color.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"How did Africans become \'blacks\' in the Americas? Becoming Free, Becoming Black tells the story of enslaved and free people of color who used the law to claim freedom and citizenship for themselves and their loved ones. Their communities challenged slaveholders\' efforts to make blackness synonymous with slavery. Looking closely at three slave societies - Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana - Alejandro de la Fuente and Ariela J. Gross demonstrate that the law of freedom - not slavery - established the meaning of blackness in law. Contests over freedom determined whether and how it was possible to move from slave to free status, and whether claims to citizenship would be tied to racial identity. Laws regulating the lives and institutions of free people of color created the boundaries between black and white, the rights reserved to white people, and the degradations imposed only on black people. -- Publisher.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/9897442508<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Series\/studies_in_legal_history<\/a>> ; # Studies in legal history.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Becoming free, becoming Black : race, freedom, and law in Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"1104859661<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781108480642<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBB9J1453<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1104859661<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/305.800973\/e23\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Person\/fuente_alejandro_de_la_1963<\/a>> # Alejandro de la Fuente<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1963<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Fuente<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Alejandro de la<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Alejandro de la Fuente<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Person\/gross_ariela_julie<\/a>> # Ariela Julie Gross<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Gross<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Ariela Julie<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ariela Julie Gross<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/america<\/a>> # America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"America.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"America<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/cuba<\/a>> # Cuba.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cuba.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/louisiana<\/a>> # Louisiana.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Louisiana.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Place\/virginia<\/a>> # Virginia.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Virginia.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Series\/studies_in_legal_history<\/a>> # Studies in legal history.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1104859661<\/a>> ; # Becoming free, becoming Black : race, freedom, and law in Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Studies in legal history.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Studies in legal history<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/african_americans_legal_status_laws_etc<\/a>> # African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/african_americans_legal_status_laws_etc_history<\/a>> # African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks<\/a>> # Blacks<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks_america_history<\/a>> # Blacks--America--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks--America--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks_legal_status_laws_etc<\/a>> # Blacks--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks--Legal status, laws, etc<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/blacks_legal_status_laws_etc_america_history<\/a>> # Blacks--Legal status, laws, etc.--America--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks--Legal status, laws, etc.--America--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Race relations<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery<\/a>> # Slavery<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_america_history<\/a>> # Slavery--America--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery--America--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation<\/a>> # Slavery--Law and legislation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery--Law and legislation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation_cuba_history<\/a>> # Slavery--Law and legislation--Cuba--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery--Law and legislation--Cuba--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation_louisiana_history<\/a>> # Slavery--Law and legislation--Louisiana--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery--Law and legislation--Louisiana--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9897442508#Topic\/slavery_law_and_legislation_virginia_history<\/a>> # Slavery--Law and legislation--Virginia--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery--Law and legislation--Virginia--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/enk<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"enk<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781108480642<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"1108480640<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9781108480642<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1104859661<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1104859661<\/a>> ; # Becoming free, becoming Black : race, freedom, and law in Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-02-19<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n