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Being a scientist : tools for science students

Author: Michael H Schmidt
Publisher: Toronto ; Buffalo ; London : University of Toronto Press, [2020] ©2020
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Being a Scientist is a comprehensive introduction to the many aspects of scientific life beyond the classroom and laboratory. Written with undergraduate science majors in mind, the book covers the scientific method, ethics, library research, reading, peer review, creativity, proposal and paper writing, and oral and poster presentations. In contrast to other texts in the field, which often take a simple prescriptive  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Manuels d'enseignement supérieur
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Michael H Schmidt
ISBN: 9781487588458 1487588453 9781487588441 1487588445
OCLC Number: 1111563018
Description: xix, 298 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: List of Figures and TablesPrefaceIntroductionThe Organization and Use of the BookTo InstructorsTo StudentsAcknowledgmentsPart I: Thinking, and Behaving, Like a Good Scientist1. What Does It Mean to Be a Scientist?1.1 Why Become a Scientist?1.2 Scientists Are Humans1.3 Defining Science, and Scientists, More Precisely1.4 Aristotle, Medieval Scholasticism, and Deduction1.5 Francis Bacon and Induction1.6 Hume and the Problems with Induction1.7 William Whewell and Hypotheses1.8 Dealing with Doubts about Induction: Popper1.9 Holistic Views: Duhem, Kuhn, Latour, and Ziman1.10 Is There a Conclusion?2. What Should We Do, and Why? The Questions of Ethics 2.1 Why Study Ethics?2.2 Systems of Ethics2.3 Consequentialism and Utilitarianism2.4 Social Contractarianism2.5 Deontology2.6 Virtue2.7 Ethics of Care2.8 Using Different Approaches to Ethics2.9 Ethics in Practice2.10 About Moral Courage2.11 The Ethics of Science2.12 The Importance of Honesty2.13 The Ethos of Science2.14 The Context of Science2.15 Resources for Scientific Research2.16 Ethical ConflictsPart II: Standing on the Shoulders of Giants3. The Scientific Literature: An Overview of the Terrain, and a Brief Hike In 3.1 History, Metaphors, and Literature3.2 Subramanyam's Cycle3.3 Approaching the Landscape3.4 Kinds of Books3.5 A Plan3.6 Finding Books and Reference Works4. Scientific Journals, Past and Present 4.1 The History of Scientific Literature4.2 Did Modern Science Start with Gutenberg?4.3 The Rise of Scientific Journals4.4 The Evolution of the Scientific Journal and the Scientific Article: The Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries4.5 What Can Be Found in Scientific Journals Today?4.6 What about the Future?4.7 Climbing into the Journal Literature4.8 What's in a Name?5. Abstracts Collections and Databases 5.1 A Brief History of Abstracting and Indexing5.2 Investigating Databases5.3 Implementing a Search6. Using Cited References: Backward and Forward 6.1 The Importance of Cited References6.2 Looking Backward6.3 The Limitations of Looking Backward, and the Need to Look Forward7. Reading a Scientific Paper 7.1 Why Is It So Hard?7.2 Hints for Taking a First Look at a Scientific Paper7.3 Reading for Arguments7.4 Local Arguments and Larger Arguments7.5 Thinking beyond the Paper8. Peer Review 8.1 Benefits and Limitations8.2 Historical Background8.3 Modern Peer Review in Practice8.4 Some Problems with Peer Review, and Some Possible SolutionsPart III: Planning, Documenting, and Presenting Science9. Starting Research: A Different "What Should We Do?" Question 9.1 The Importance of Creativity9.2 Divergent Thinking on a Big Scale9.3 Divergent Thinking in a Narrower, More Advanced Context9.4 Convergent Thinking9.5 Visualization9.6 Situating Your Research: The Scientific Literature10. Refining Research Ideas and Writing a Proposal 10.1 From Ideas to a Proposal10.2 Practical Quantitation10.3 Using Quantitative Data10.4 What about Statistics?10.5 Anticipating Problems10.6 Writing the Proposal 11. The Laboratory Notebook11.1 The Evolution and Importance of the Laboratory Notebook11.2 The Format of a Notebook Entry11.3 The Laboratory Notebook in Real Life11.4 Electronic Laboratory Notebooks12. Scientific Writing: Grammar and Style 12.1 Tense and Voice12.2 General Writing and Style Suggestions 12.3 A Quick Guide to Tense and Voice13. Assembling and Writing a Scientific Paper 13.1 Some Perspective13.2 Authorship13.3 Starting with the Results13.4 Distinguishing the Results and Discussion13.5 Results, Selected and Presented13.6 Writing about the Results13.7 Methods13.8 Discussion13.9 How about a Conclusions Section?13.10 Introduction13.11 Abstract13.12 Title13.13 Putting It All Together14. Oral and Poster Presentations 14.1 Historical Perspective14.2 The Structure of Oral Presentations of Research14.3 Visual Aids14.4 How Much Text?14.5 Tables and Figures for Presentations14.6 Slide Style14.7 Talking the Talk14.8 Poster Presentations14.9 Poster Graphics14.10 Poster Layout and Display14.11 Supporting Your Poster15. Closing ThoughtsNotesIndex
Responsibility: Michael H. Schmidt.

Abstract:

Being a Scientist is an innovative text designed to help undergraduate students become members of the scientific community.  Read more...

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