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Blame welfare, ignore poverty and inequality

Author: Joel F Handler; Yeheskel Hasenfeld
Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
With the passage of the 1996 welfare reform, not only welfare, but poverty and inequality have disappeared from the political discourse. The decline in the welfare rolls has been hailed as a success. This book challenges that assumption. It argues that while many single mothers left welfare, they have joined the working poor, and fail to make a decent living. The book examines the persistent demonization of poor  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Erscheint auch als:
Handler, Joel F.
Blame welfare, ignore poverty and inequality.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007
XIII, 401 S.
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Joel F Handler; Yeheskel Hasenfeld
ISBN: 9780511511493 0511511493 9780521870351 0521870356 9780521690454 0521690455
OCLC Number: 967490040
Notes: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015).
Description: 1 online resource (xiii, 401 Seiten)
Contents: 1. Introduction --
The argument --
The plan of the book --
2. The state of poverty : TANF recipients --
The myth and reality of poverty in America --
Measuring poverty --
Experiencing poverty --
The risk of poverty and poverty spells --
Who are the poor? --
The working poor --
Poverty, race, and ethnicity --
Poverty, gender, and single parenthood --
Child poverty --
Why is poverty persistently high? --
Welfare recipients --
Historical trends --
Welfare use --
Characteristics of families --
Race/ethnicity --
Education level --
Welfare and work --
Monthly income --
Employment --
Welfare leavers : stuck in poverty --
Conclusions. 3. The response to poverty and inequality : the welfare state --
Introduction --
The public welfare state --
Cash assistance --
The earned income tax credit (EITC) --
In-kind programs --
Food and nutrition --
Hunger and food insecurity --
Child care --
Child support --
Education --
Housing --
Health care --
Trying to reform health insurance --
Health insurance for low-income children (SCHIP) --
Health of children of immigrants --
Summary : child well-being --
Who uses the welfare state? --
The impact of the welfare state on poverty --
The private welfare state : workers --
The "third section" --
Conclusions --
4. Demonizing the single-mother family : the path to welfare reform --
The colonial period --
The origins of aid to dependent children --
The "suitable home" --
The "welfare queen" and the welfare "crisis" --
The attacks on welfare --
The liberal response to welfare : the war on poverty --
The triumph of the "welfare queen" --
The transformation of welfare departments --
Putting recipients to work --
State waivers to increase work requirements --
"Ending welfare as we know it" --
Conclusions : a return to colonial welfare. 5. The welfare bureaucracy --
Welfare bureaucracy as an enactment of moral symbols --
The "new" welfare-to-work ideology --
The welfare department as an employment agency --
The "welfare-to-work" approach --
Use of sanctions --
Routinization and discretion --
Provision of social services --
State variations : do they matter? --
Integrated vs. specialized case management --
Privatization of TANF : who benefits? --
Changing the culture of the welfare department --
Conclusions --
6. Work and the low-wage labor market : mothers and children --
What kinds of jobs are available? : the low-wage labor market for women --
The rise of non-standard work --
Stuck in low-wage jobs --
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) --
The impact on welfare leavers --
The dilemmas of child care for low-wage workers --
The use of child care --
The costs of child care --
Availability of child care resources --
Caring for children with health problems --
"It's just not working" --
The quality of child care --
The effects of child care --
Impact of working in the low-wage market on child development --
Conclusions. 7. Welfare reform and moral entrepreneurship : promoting marriage and responsible parenthood and preventing teenage pregnancy --
Marriage and poverty --
Married and poor --
The fragile families study --
Paternity establishment and child-support enforcement --
Promoting healthy marriages --
Family cap --
Domestic violence --
PRWORA and teens --
Teen single mothers, fathers, and their children --
Teen mothers on welfare --
Living arrangements --
School attendance --
Sanctions --
Teen children of welfare recipients --
Does PRWORA affect rates of teen pregnancy, school dropout, and living arrangements? --
Can abstinence-only-until-marriage programs reduce teen pregnancies? --
Conclusions --
8. Addressing poverty and inequality --
The starting point --
The interconnectedness of poverty issues --
Why there has to be both jobs and income support --
Improving the pain labor market --
Increasing the income of families : a children's allowance --
Improving child care --
Childcare : the very early period --
Children : preschool --
Improving the neighborhood effect --
The hard-to-employ.
Other Titles: Blame Welfare, Ignore Poverty et Inequality
Responsibility: Joel F. Handler, Yeheskel Hasenfeld.

Abstract:

This book examines the persistent demonization of poor single-mother families, the impact of the low-wage market on perpetuating poverty and inequality, and the role of the welfare bureaucracy in  Read more...

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'...wide-ranging and well-informed...' Journal of Social Policy "This book challenges the conventional wisdom that welfare reform "worked." Handler and Hasenfeld, well-known experts in this field, Read more...

 
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