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Break all the borders : separatism and the reshaping of the Middle East

Author: Ariel I Ahram
Publisher: New York, NY, United States of America : Oxford University Press, [2019] ©2019
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In Break all the Borders, Ariel Ahram focuses on why these conflicts erupted and how separatist movements were able to gain control over territory and population centers in the years since 2011. After explaining how contemporary Arab states were established in the twentieth century, he emphasizes that the separatist movements that did gain traction were the descendants of movements and populations that lost  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Ariel I Ahram
ISBN: 9780190917371 0190917377 9780190917388 0190917385
OCLC Number: 1043970393
Description: xii, 266 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: The rise and decline of Arab statehood, 1919 to 2011 --
2011 : revolutions in Arab sovereignty --
Cyrenaica --
Southern Yemen --
Kurdistan --
The Islamic state --
Conclusion : the ends of separatism in the Arab world.
Responsibility: Ariel I. Ahram.

Abstract:

In Break all the Borders, Ariel Ahram focuses on why these conflicts erupted and how separatist movements were able to gain control over territory and population centers in the years since 2011. After explaining how contemporary Arab states were established in the twentieth century, he emphasizes that the separatist movements that did gain traction were the descendants of movements and populations that lost independence in the twentieth century. That is important because Arab politics is often caricatured as a contest of ancient clans, tribes, and sects masquerading under the banner of modern states and political parties. Given the presumed ubiquity of sub-state identities and artificiality of state borders, the Arab world should be rife with rebellions bent on breaking the borders of existing states. Yet most of the rebels involved in the 2011 uprisings sought to overthrow individual rulers and regimes and did not contest the integrity of the state. There are only a handful of actors bent on separation, and they have been trying to reinstate political entities that were repressed within the last one hundred years. Their appeals are distinctly modern: they ask the international community to make good on the promises of popular sovereignty and point to recent histories of self-rule or failed bids for independence to justify their campaigns. Ahram ends by stressing that if we look at the actual sources of separatism in the region, we can see that they do not necessarily signal a breakdown of 'order'--an order that was always tenuous given that its foundations lay in repression of legitimate territorially-based political movements. We should not dismiss contemporary separatists them but rather engage with them.

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"The breakdown of state authority is the root of the current Middle East crisis, and what comes in its aftermath is the biggest question facing the region. Ariel Ahram helps us to understand at least Read more...

 
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