skip to content
Breeding behaviour of Nuthatch Sitta europaea in relation to natural hole attributes in a primeval forest: Capsule Nuthatches used holes with strong walls, typically in live trees with entrances reduced by plastering, and 'oversized' interiors filled with bark flakes.
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

Breeding behaviour of Nuthatch Sitta europaea in relation to natural hole attributes in a primeval forest: Capsule Nuthatches used holes with strong walls, typically in live trees with entrances reduced by plastering, and 'oversized' interiors filled with bark flakes.

Author: Tomasz Wesołowski; Patryk Rowinski
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Edition/Format: Article Article : EN
Publication:Bird Study, 51, no. 2 (2004): 143-155
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving;

Find a copy online

Links to this journal/publication

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Tomasz Wesołowski; Patryk Rowinski
ISSN:0006-3657
Language Note: EN
Unique Identifier: 750079232
Awards:

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/750079232> # Breeding behaviour of Nuthatch Sitta europaea in relation to natural hole attributes in a primeval forest: Capsule Nuthatches used holes with strong walls, typically in live trees with entrances reduced by plastering, and 'oversized' interiors filled with bark flakes.
    a schema:Article, schema:CreativeWork ;
    library:oclcnum "750079232" ;
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/maple> ; # Maple
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/nuthatch> ; # Nuthatch
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/primeval_temperate_forest> ; # primeval temperate forest
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/acer_platanoides> ; # Acer platanoides
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/fraxinus_excelsior> ; # Fraxinus excelsior
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/bialowieza_national_park> ; # Bialowieza National Park
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/natural_holes> ; # natural holes
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/sitta> ; # Sitta
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/ash> ; # Ash
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/hole_placement> ; # hole placement
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/anti_predator_tactics> ; # anti-predator tactics
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/hole_dimensions> ; # hole dimensions
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/sitta_europaea> ; # Sitta europaea
    schema:contributor <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Person/rowinski_patryk> ; # Patryk Rowinski
    schema:creator <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Person/weso&x142_owski_tomasz> ; # Tomasz Wesołowski
    schema:datePublished "2004-07-01" ;
    schema:description "Aims To describe patterns of nest-site utilization by Nuthatches in primeval conditions, to examine the influence of various hole attributes on nesting success and to consider the adaptive value of nest-site choice. Methods Observations of birds living in undisturbed conditions in a strictly protected part of the Białowieza National Park (Poland) during 27 breeding seasons coupled with measurements of hole attributes and observations of nests' fate. Results Tree species used for breeding differed among habitats. Holes were on average 14.0 m above the ground, in trees with girth at breast height 206 cm; both parameters varied strongly among tree species. They were situated mainly in tree trunks (76%), in living trees (89%), in conical knotholes (51%); woodpecker-made holes constituted 32%. Nuthatches bred in very large (mean bottom area: 325 cm2) holes, the preferred tree species (Maple Acer platanoides, Ash Fraxinus excelsior) had larger holes than other tree species. Nuthatches reduced entrances by 'plastering' to a mean size of 2.9 3.3 cm. They made the holes substantially shallower by filling them with bark flakes (mean depth to nest level: 10 cm), eggs were laid in depressions among flakes, far from the entrance (mean distance: 21 cm), their 'nests' occupied only a fraction of the hole area. Broods in holes with smaller entrances were the most successful. Eggs and small young were covered with bark during the absence of the female. Larger nestlings, when endangered, moved to the rear wall of the hole, where they stayed tightly pressed. These behaviour patterns reduced the risk of predation. Conclusion The features of holes used by Nuthatches (combination of strong walls, small entrances and large bottoms with copious filling) are probably an evolutionary solution to the need to evade predators while keeping contents of the nest dry." ;
    schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/3988129993> ;
    schema:isPartOf <http://worldcat.org/issn/0006-3657#51_2> ;
    schema:name "Breeding behaviour of Nuthatch Sitta europaea in relation to natural hole attributes in a primeval forest: Capsule Nuthatches used holes with strong walls, typically in live trees with entrances reduced by plastering, and 'oversized' interiors filled with bark flakes." ;
    schema:pageStart "143" ;
    schema:productID "750079232" ;
    schema:publication <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/#PublicationEvent/taylor_&_francis> ;
    schema:publisher <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Agent/taylor_&_francis> ; # Taylor & Francis
    wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/750079232> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Agent/taylor_&_francis> # Taylor & Francis
    a bgn:Agent ;
    schema:name "Taylor & Francis" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Person/rowinski_patryk> # Patryk Rowinski
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:name "Patryk Rowinski" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Person/weso&x142_owski_tomasz> # Tomasz Wesołowski
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:name "Tomasz Wesołowski" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/acer_platanoides> # Acer platanoides
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "Acer platanoides" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/anti_predator_tactics> # anti-predator tactics
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "anti-predator tactics" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/bialowieza_national_park> # Bialowieza National Park
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "Bialowieza National Park" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/fraxinus_excelsior> # Fraxinus excelsior
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "Fraxinus excelsior" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/hole_dimensions> # hole dimensions
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "hole dimensions" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/hole_placement> # hole placement
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "hole placement" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/primeval_temperate_forest> # primeval temperate forest
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "primeval temperate forest" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3988129993#Thing/sitta_europaea> # Sitta europaea
    a schema:Thing ;
    schema:name "Sitta europaea" ;
    .

<http://worldcat.org/issn/0006-3657>
    a schema:Periodical ;
    rdfs:label "Bird Study" ;
    schema:issn "0006-3657" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/750079232>
    a genont:InformationResource, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource ;
    schema:about <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/750079232> ; # Breeding behaviour of Nuthatch Sitta europaea in relation to natural hole attributes in a primeval forest: Capsule Nuthatches used holes with strong walls, typically in live trees with entrances reduced by plastering, and 'oversized' interiors filled with bark flakes.
    schema:dateModified "2017-07-09" ;
    void:inDataset <http://purl.oclc.org/dataset/econline> ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.