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Building theories : heuristics and hypotheses in sciences

Author: David Danks; Emiliano Ippoliti
Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2018]
Series: Studies in applied philosophy, epistemology and rational ethics, v. 41.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book explores new findings on the long-neglected topic of theory construction and discovery, and challenges the orthodox, current division of scientific development into discrete stages: the stage of generation of new hypotheses; the stage of collection of relevant data; the stage of justification of possible theories; and the final stage of selection from among equally confirmed theories. The chapters, written  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Building theories.
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2018]
(OCoLC)1012337651
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: David Danks; Emiliano Ippoliti
ISBN: 9783319727875 3319727877
OCLC Number: 1020633318
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Intro; Preface; Contents; Understanding Theory Building; 1 Building Theories: The Heuristic Way; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Theory-Building: The Basics; 2.1 Confirming Hypotheses; 2.2 Selecting Hypotheses; 2.3 Generating New Hypotheses; 2.4 The Distinction of the Three Phases; 3 Building Theories: The Heuristic Way; 4 The Heuristic View: A Critical Evaluation; Acknowledgements; References; 2 Building Theories: Strategies Not Blueprints; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Theories--Some Philosophical Background; 3 Bottom Up--Phenomena to Theory via Modelling 4 Top Down--From Mathematics to Physics5 Top Down and Sideways: From Physics to Biology via Mathematics; 6 Conclusions--Where to Go Next; References; 3 Richer Than Reduction; Abstract; 1 Routes to Discovery; 2 Discovery via Constraints; 3 Case Studies of Constraint-Driven Discovery; 3.1 Representations of Causal Knowledge; 3.2 Concepts Based on Causal Structure; 3.3 Goals and Learning; 4 Constraints All the Way Up?; Acknowledgements; References; 4 Theory Building as Problem Solving; Abstract; 1 Big Data Revolution Versus Theory Building; 2 Theory Building and Rationality 3 The Syntactic or Hypothetico-Deductive View of Theories4 The Semantic or Model-Theoretic View of Theories; 5 The Analytic View of Theories; 6 Kepler's Theory Building; 7 Newton's Theory Building; 8 Darwin's Theory Building; 9 Bohr's Theory Building; 10 Novelty; 11 Plausibility; 12 Theory Building and Problem Solving; 13 A Critical Remark on an Alternative Problem Solving Approach; 14 The Big Data Revolution Revisited; 15 The Purpose of Theory Building; Acknowledgements; References; Theory Building in Action; 5 Discovering Cures in Medicine; Abstract 1 The Distinction Between Discovery and Justification2 Example of Einstein's Discovery of Special Relativity; 3 Application of This Approach to the Discovery of Cures; 4 Case History (I) Statins; 5 Case History (II) Thalidomide; 6 Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References; 6 The Product Guides the Process: Discovering Disease Mechanisms; Abstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Mechanistic Philosophy of Science; 3 Disease Mechanisms; 4 Diagrammatic Representations for Genetic Disease Mechanisms; 5 Web-Based Graphical Interface for Chain Building; 6 Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References 7 "Take the Case of a Geometer ... "; Mathematical Analogies and Building Theories in AristotleAbstract; 1 Introduction; 2 Aristotle's Physics Versus Mathematical Physics; 2.1 Mathematical Physics; 2.2 Aristotle's Physics; 2.3 The Ontological Gap; 3 Aristotle's Mathematics: A Reference Structure; 4 Theory of Knowledge and Problem Solving; 4.1 The Two-step Process of Knowing; 4.2 The Many-step Process of Problem Solving; 4.2.1 To Know 2R; 4.2.2 To Use 2R (in Order to Know SC); 4.2.3 The Solving Idea; 4.2.4 Conclusions; 5 Mathematical Analogies and Building Science
Series Title: Studies in applied philosophy, epistemology and rational ethics, v. 41.
Responsibility: David Danks, Emiliano Ippoliti, editors.

Abstract:

This book explores new findings on the long-neglected topic of theory construction and discovery, and challenges the orthodox, current division of scientific development into discrete stages: the  Read more...

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