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By order of the president : FDR and the internment of Japanese Americans

Author: Greg Robinson
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2001.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
On February 19, 1942, following the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor and Japanese successes in the Pacific, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed for the summary removal of Japanese aliens and American citizens of Japanese descent from their West Coast homes, and their incarceration under guard in camps. Amid the numerous histories of this shameful event, FDR's contributions have  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Robinson, Greg, 1966-
By order of the president.
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2001
(OCoLC)606635349
Named Person: Franklin D Roosevelt; Franklin D Roosevelt; Franklin D Roosevelt
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Greg Robinson
ISBN: 0674006399 9780674006393 067401118X 9780674011182
OCLC Number: 46777440
Language Note: English.
Description: 322 pages ; 25 cm
Contents: Racial fear emerges --
War abroad, suspicion at home --
FDR's decision to intern --
Implementing an undemocratic policy --
Covering a retreat --
Equal justice delayed --
President of all the people?
Responsibility: Greg Robinson.

Abstract:

Using Roosevelt's own writings, his advisors' letters and diaries, and internal government documents, Robinson reveals the president's central role in making and implementing the internment of  Read more...

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Robinson...focuses on one aspect of Roosevelt's presidency during World War II, the internment of Japanese Americans. Two recent books, Kenneth S. Davis's FDR: The War President, 1940-43...and Thomas Read more...

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/46777440<\/a>> # By order of the president : FDR and the internment of Japanese Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"46777440<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> ; # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Event\/1942_1945<\/a>> ; # 1942-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/940.53089956073\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85069606<\/a>> ; # Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/interneringskampen<\/a>> ; # Interneringskampen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japanese_americans<\/a>> ; # Japanese Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/japaner<\/a>> ; # Japaner.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/internierung<\/a>> ; # Internierung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/weltkrieg<\/a>> ; # Weltkrieg<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945<\/a>> ; # World War, 1939-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/umsiedlung<\/a>> ; # Umsiedlung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Person\/roosevelt_franklin_d_franklin_delano_1882_1945<\/a>> ; # Franklin Delano Roosevelt<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/29542759<\/a>> ; # Franklin Delano Roosevelt<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Event\/geschichte_1942_1945<\/a>> ; # Geschichte 1942-1945.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japaner<\/a>> ; # Japaner<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japanners<\/a>> ; # Japanners<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/usa<\/a>> ; # USA.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japanese_americans_history<\/a>> ; # Japanese Americans--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/37095686<\/a>> ; # Greg Robinson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2001<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Racial fear emerges -- War abroad, suspicion at home -- FDR\'s decision to intern -- Implementing an undemocratic policy -- Covering a retreat -- Equal justice delayed -- President of all the people?<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"On February 19, 1942, following the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor and Japanese successes in the Pacific, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed for the summary removal of Japanese aliens and American citizens of Japanese descent from their West Coast homes, and their incarceration under guard in camps. Amid the numerous histories of this shameful event, FDR\'s contributions have been seen as negligible. Now, using Roosevelt\'s own writings and other documents, historian Robinson reveals the president\'s central role in the internment and examines not only what the president did but why. This book attempts to explain how a great humanitarian leader, while fighting a war to preserve democracy, could have implemented such a profoundly unjust and undemocratic policy toward his own people. It reminds us of the power of a president\'s beliefs on public policy and of the need for citizen vigilance to protect against potential abuses.--From publisher description.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/802138599<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Biography<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/606635349<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"By order of the president : FDR and the internment of Japanese Americans<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"46777440<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/46777440#PublicationEvent\/cambridge_mass_harvard_university_press_2001<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Agent\/harvard_university_press<\/a>> ; # Harvard University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780674006393<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780674011182<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBA168840<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/46777440<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/940.53089956073\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Agent\/harvard_university_press<\/a>> # Harvard University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harvard University Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Event\/1942_1945<\/a>> # 1942-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1942-1945<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Event\/geschichte_1942_1945<\/a>> # Geschichte 1942-1945.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte 1942-1945.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Person\/roosevelt_franklin_d_franklin_delano_1882_1945<\/a>> # Franklin Delano Roosevelt<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1882<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1945<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Roosevelt<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Franklin Delano<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Franklin D.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Franklin Delano Roosevelt<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/japaner<\/a>> # Japaner.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japaner.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/usa<\/a>> # USA.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"USA.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"USA<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/interneringskampen<\/a>> # Interneringskampen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Interneringskampen<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/internierung<\/a>> # Internierung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Internierung<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japaner<\/a>> # Japaner<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japaner<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japanese_americans<\/a>> # Japanese Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japanese Americans<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japanese_americans_history<\/a>> # Japanese Americans--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japanese Americans--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/japanners<\/a>> # Japanners<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japanners<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/umsiedlung<\/a>> # Umsiedlung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Umsiedlung<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/weltkrieg<\/a>> # Weltkrieg<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Weltkrieg<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Topic\/world_war_1939_1945<\/a>> # World War, 1939-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"World War, 1939-1945<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85069606<\/a>> # Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"mau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/29542759<\/a>> # Franklin Delano Roosevelt<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1882<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1945<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Roosevelt<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Franklin Delano<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Franklin D.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Franklin Delano Roosevelt<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/37095686<\/a>> # Greg Robinson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1966<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Robinson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Greg<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Greg Robinson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780674006393<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0674006399<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780674006393<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780674011182<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"067401118X<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780674011182<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/606635349<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"By order of the president.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Online version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/46777440<\/a>> ; # By order of the president : FDR and the internment of Japanese Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/46777440<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/46777440<\/a>> ; # By order of the president : FDR and the internment of Japanese Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-04-14<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/46777440#PublicationEvent\/cambridge_mass_harvard_university_press_2001<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> ; # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/802138599#Agent\/harvard_university_press<\/a>> ; # Harvard University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2001<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n