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Causation in science and the methods of scientific discovery

Author: Rani Lill Anjum; Stephen Mumford
Publisher: Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Causation is the main foundation upon which the possibility of science rests. Without causation, there would be no scientific understanding, explanation, prediction, nor application in new technologies. How we discover causal connections is no easy matter, however. Causation often lies hidden from view and it is vital that we adopt the right methods for uncovering it. The choice of methods will inevitably reflect  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Anjum, Rani Lill.
Causation in science and the methods of scientific discovery.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2018
(DLC) 2018939482
(OCoLC)1030613398
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Rani Lill Anjum; Stephen Mumford
ISBN: 9780191798030 0191798037 9780191053399 0191053392
OCLC Number: 1034615582
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Part I. Science and philosophy --
Metascience and better science --
Do we need causation in science? --
Evidence of causation is not causation --
Part II. Perfect correlation --
What's in a correlation? --
Same cause, same effect --
Under ideal conditions --
One effect, one cause? --
Part III. Interference and prevention --
Have your cause and beat it --
From regularities to tendencies --
The modality of causation --
Part IV. Causal mechanisms --
Is the business of science to construct theories? --
Are more data better? --
The explanatory power of mechanisms --
Digging deeper to find the real causes? --
Part V. Linking causes to effects --
Making a difference --
Making nothing happen --
It all started with a big bang --
Does science need laws of nature? --
Part VI. Probability --
Uncertainty, certainty, and beyond --
What probabilistic causation should be --
Calculating conditional probability? --
Part VII. External validity --
Risky predictions --
What RCTs do not show --
Part VIII. Discovering causes and understanding them --
Getting involved --
Uncovering causal powers --
Learning from causal failure --
Plural methods, one causation --
Getting real about the ideals of science --
Conclusion: new norms of science.
Responsibility: Rani Lill Anjum and Stephen Mumford.

Abstract:

Causal questions are relevant to all sciences and social sciences, yet how we discover causal connections is no easy matter. Indeed, the choice of methods concerns the correct norms for the empirical  Read more...

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Rather, Anjum and Mumford's new text makes an appeal to scientists and to those thinking about science ... to think more critically about causation as a tendency rather than a regularity, as it has Read more...

 
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