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Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660

Author: Linda M Heywood; John K Thornton
Publisher: New York : Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This book establishes Central Africa as the origin of most Africans brought to the English and Dutch American colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and South America in their formative period before 1660. It reveals that Central Africans were frequently possessors of an Atlantic Creole culture that included adaptation of Christianity and elements of European language, especially names and material culture. It  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Linda M Heywood; John K Thornton
ISBN: 9780521770651 0521770653 9780521779227 0521779227
OCLC Number: 77494467
Description: xiii, 370 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Privateering, colonial expansion, and the African presence in early Anglo-Dutch settlements --
The Portuguese, Kongo, and Ndongo and the origins of Atlantic-Creole culture to 1607 --
Wars, civil unrest, and the dynamics of enslavement in West Central Africa, 1607-1660 --
Atlantic Creole culture : patterns of transformation and adaptations, 1607-1660 --
Shifting status and the foundation of African American communities : Atlantic Creoles in the early Anglo-Dutch colonies --
Becoming slaves : Atlantic Creoles and the defining of status figures.
Responsibility: Linda M. Heywood, John K. Thornton.
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Abstract:

This book establishes Central Africa as the origin of most Africans brought to English and Dutch colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and South America before 1660. It reveals that Central  Read more...

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"A good addition to the historiography of the Atlantic slave trade." -Choice "Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660 is a compelling and well-researched Read more...

 
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\n\n

Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/77494467<\/a>> # Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"77494467<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/dbpedia.org\/resource\/New_York_City<\/a>> ; # New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/cultural_encounter<\/a>> ; # Cultural encounter<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/amerika<\/a>> ; # Amerika<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1239786<\/a>> ; # America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/african_americans<\/a>> ; # African Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/niederlande<\/a>> ; # Niederlande<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/zentralafrikaner<\/a>> ; # Zentralafrikaner<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/africans_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> ; # Africans--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/geschichte_1585_1660<\/a>> ; # Geschichte 1585-1660.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/community_life_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> ; # Community life--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/afro_descendentes_historia_seculo_17_america<\/a>> ; # Afro-descendentes (hist\u00F3ria)--S\u00E9culo 17--Am\u00E9rica<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/netherlandish_colonies<\/a>> ; # Netherlandish colonies<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/social_conditions<\/a>> ; # Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/creoles_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> ; # Creoles--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/england<\/a>> ; # England<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/slavery_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> ; # Slavery--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/ethnische_beziehungen<\/a>> ; # Ethnische Beziehungen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/15_85_history_of_america<\/a>> ; # 15.85 history of America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/1600_1699<\/a>> ; # 1600-1699<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/africans<\/a>> ; # Africans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/british_colonies<\/a>> ; # British colonies<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/blacks<\/a>> ; # Blacks<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/zentralafrikaner<\/a>> ; # Zentralafrikaner.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/kulturelle_identitat<\/a>> ; # Kulturelle Identit\u00E4t<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/america<\/a>> ; # America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/great_britain_america<\/a>> ; # Great Britain--America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/kulturaustausch<\/a>> ; # Kulturaustausch<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/1600_1650<\/a>> ; # 1600-1650.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/netherlands_america<\/a>> ; # Netherlands--America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/slavery<\/a>> ; # Slavery<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/african_americans_history_17th_century<\/a>> ; # African Americans--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/1550_1600<\/a>> ; # 1550-1600.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/sklavenhandel<\/a>> ; # Sklavenhandel<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/blacks_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> ; # Blacks--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/community_life<\/a>> ; # Community life<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/creoles<\/a>> ; # Creoles<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/schwarze<\/a>> ; # Schwarze<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/kolonie<\/a>> ; # Kolonie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/schwarze<\/a>> ; # Schwarze.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/306.3620899674107\/e22\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> ; # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/ethnische_identitat<\/a>> ; # Ethnische Identit\u00E4t<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/zentralafrika<\/a>> ; # Zentralafrika<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/57820763<\/a>> ; # John Kelly Thornton<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/14986392<\/a>> ; # Linda Marinda Heywood<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2007<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Privateering, colonial expansion, and the African presence in early Anglo-Dutch settlements -- The Portuguese, Kongo, and Ndongo and the origins of Atlantic-Creole culture to 1607 -- Wars, civil unrest, and the dynamics of enslavement in West Central Africa, 1607-1660 -- Atlantic Creole culture : patterns of transformation and adaptations, 1607-1660 -- Shifting status and the foundation of African American communities : Atlantic Creoles in the early Anglo-Dutch colonies -- Becoming slaves : Atlantic Creoles and the defining of status figures.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/63076659<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"77494467<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/77494467#PublicationEvent\/new_york_cambridge_university_press_2007<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Agent\/cambridge_university_press<\/a>> ; # Cambridge University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:reviews<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/77494467#Review\/-1624096565<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991\/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&doc_number=016031826&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991\/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&local_base=BVB01&doc_number=016031826&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/catdir.loc.gov\/catdir\/toc\/ecip077\/2006101961.html<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780521770651<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780521779227<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/77494467<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dbpedia.org\/resource\/New_York_City<\/a>> # New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"New York<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/306.3620899674107\/e22\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Agent\/cambridge_university_press<\/a>> # Cambridge University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cambridge University Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/1550_1600<\/a>> # 1550-1600.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1550-1600.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/1600_1650<\/a>> # 1600-1650.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1600-1650.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/1600_1699<\/a>> # 1600-1699<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1600-1699<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Event\/geschichte_1585_1660<\/a>> # Geschichte 1585-1660.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte 1585-1660.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/america<\/a>> # America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"America.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"America<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/amerika<\/a>> # Amerika<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Amerika<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/england<\/a>> # England<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"England<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/great_britain_america<\/a>> # Great Britain--America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Great Britain--America<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/netherlands_america<\/a>> # Netherlands--America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Netherlands--America<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/niederlande<\/a>> # Niederlande<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Niederlande<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/schwarze<\/a>> # Schwarze.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Schwarze.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/zentralafrika<\/a>> # Zentralafrika<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Zentralafrika<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Place\/zentralafrikaner<\/a>> # Zentralafrikaner.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Zentralafrikaner.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/15_85_history_of_america<\/a>> # 15.85 history of America<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"15.85 history of America<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/african_americans<\/a>> # African Americans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/african_americans_history_17th_century<\/a>> # African Americans--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001955<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--History--17th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/africans<\/a>> # Africans<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Africans<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/africans_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> # Africans--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001757<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Africans--America--History--17th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/afro_descendentes_historia_seculo_17_america<\/a>> # Afro-descendentes (hist\u00F3ria)--S\u00E9culo 17--Am\u00E9rica<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Afro-descendentes (hist\u00F3ria)--S\u00E9culo 17--Am\u00E9rica<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/blacks<\/a>> # Blacks<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/blacks_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> # Blacks--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2009117243<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks--America--History--17th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/british_colonies<\/a>> # British colonies<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"British colonies<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/community_life<\/a>> # Community life<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Community life<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/community_life_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> # Community life--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85029243<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Community life--America--History--17th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/creoles<\/a>> # Creoles<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Creoles<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/creoles_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> # Creoles--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85033926<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Creoles--America--History--17th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/cultural_encounter<\/a>> # Cultural encounter<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cultural encounter<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/ethnische_beziehungen<\/a>> # Ethnische Beziehungen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ethnische Beziehungen<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/ethnische_identitat<\/a>> # Ethnische Identit\u00E4t<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ethnische Identit\u00E4t<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/kolonie<\/a>> # Kolonie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kolonie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/kulturaustausch<\/a>> # Kulturaustausch<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kulturaustausch<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/kulturelle_identitat<\/a>> # Kulturelle Identit\u00E4t<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kulturelle Identit\u00E4t<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/netherlandish_colonies<\/a>> # Netherlandish colonies<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Netherlandish colonies<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Race relations<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/schwarze<\/a>> # Schwarze<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Schwarze<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/sklavenhandel<\/a>> # Sklavenhandel<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Sklavenhandel<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/slavery<\/a>> # Slavery<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/slavery_america_history_17th_century<\/a>> # Slavery--America--History--17th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2010113221<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Slavery--America--History--17th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/social_conditions<\/a>> # Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Social conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Topic\/zentralafrikaner<\/a>> # Zentralafrikaner<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Zentralafrikaner<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"nyu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1239786<\/a>> # America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"America.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/14986392<\/a>> # Linda Marinda Heywood<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1945<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Heywood<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Linda Marinda<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Linda M.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Linda Marinda Heywood<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/57820763<\/a>> # John Kelly Thornton<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1949<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Thornton<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John Kelly<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John K.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"John Kelly Thornton<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780521770651<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0521770653<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780521770651<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780521779227<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0521779227<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780521779227<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/77494467<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/77494467<\/a>> ; # Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-04-28<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/77494467#PublicationEvent\/new_york_cambridge_university_press_2007<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/dbpedia.org\/resource\/New_York_City<\/a>> ; # New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/63076659#Agent\/cambridge_university_press<\/a>> ; # Cambridge University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2007<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/77494467#Review\/-1624096565<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Review<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:itemReviewed<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/77494467<\/a>> ; # Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:reviewBody<\/a> \"\"This book establishes Central Africa as the origin of most Africans brought to the English and Dutch American colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and South America in their formative period before 1660. It reveals that Central Africans were frequently possessors of an Atlantic Creole culture that included adaptation of Christianity and elements of European language, especially names and material culture. It places the movement of slaves and creation of the colonies within an Atlantic historical framework, showing interactions among Africa, Europe, and all of the Americas. It explores the development of attitudes toward race, slavery, and freedom as they developed in the colonies of England and the Netherlands, and it revises earlier discussions on these issues. The book suggests ways in which this generation of Africans helped lay the foundations for subsequent development of African-American culture in all the colonies of these countries.\"--BOOK JACKET.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n