Centralized vs. decentralized immigrant selection : an assessment of the BC experience (eBook, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
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Centralized vs. decentralized immigrant selection : an assessment of the BC experience

Author: Haimin Zhang; Metropolis British Columbia.
Publisher: Vancouver, B.C. : Metropolis British Columbia, 2012
Series: Working paper series (Metropolis British Columbia), no. 12-04.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
As a complement to the centralized immigrant selection system in Canada, each province or territory has the right to select immigrants through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) to satisfy province-specific labour market demand. This paper documents a large short-run earnings advantage of British Columbia Provincial Nominees (BC PNs) compared to Federal Skilled Workers (FSWs). Flexible empirical specification and  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Haimin Zhang; Metropolis British Columbia.
OCLC Number: 799431453
Notes: "April 2012."
Description: 1 online resource (54 pages).
Contents: Abstract --
Executive summary --
1. Introduction --
2. Background and summary statistics --
2.1 British Columbia provincial nominee program --
2.2 IMDB --
2.3 Comparison group --
2.4 Earning profile --
2.5 Demographic characteristics of BC PNs compared to FSWs --
3. BC PNs' employment earning advantage --
3.1 Methods and specification --
3.2 Earnings advantage --
3.3 Decomposition --
4. Why a higher return? --
4.1 Canadian experience --
4.2 Job offer requirement --
4.3 Cream skimming and pseudo points --
5. Conclusion --
6. References --
7. Tables and figures.
Series Title: Working paper series (Metropolis British Columbia), no. 12-04.
Other Titles: Centralized versus decentralized immigrant selection
Responsibility: Haimin Zhang.
More information:

Abstract:

As a complement to the centralized immigrant selection system in Canada, each province or territory has the right to select immigrants through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) to satisfy province-specific labour market demand. This paper documents a large short-run earnings advantage of British Columbia Provincial Nominees (BC PNs) compared to Federal Skilled Workers (FSWs). Flexible empirical specification and Oxaca-Blinder decomposition suggest that this earning gap is largely due to the different wage structure of these two groups. PNs do not suffer the lack of credential recognition that FSWs do. Possible reasons for the different wage structure include: previously stayed in Canada, job-offer requirement, and "cream skimming". The findings raise debate on the decentralized immigration selection process. On one hand, employers can better recognize and reward the credentials of immigrants. On the other hand, employers tend to pick immigrants from developed English-speaking countries, which leads to possible employer discrimination in the labour market. Balancing the skills of immigrants with cultural diversity is a difficult task.

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