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China's virtual monopoly of rare earth elements : economic, technological and strategic implications

Author: Roland Howanietz
Publisher: Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2018.
Series: Routledge contemporary China series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Rare Earth Elements are a group of 17 metals which have a central role in modern industry, increasingly used in the fields of green technologies, high technological consumer goods, industrial and medical appliances and modern weapons systems. Although deposits of Rare Earths are globally dispersed, over 90% of global demand has been provided by Chinese mines since the late 1990s, leading to a situation where China  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Howanietz, Roland.
China's virtual monopoly of rare earth elements.
Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2018
(DLC) 2018005140
(OCoLC)1027728459
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Roland Howanietz
ISBN: 9781351109895 1351109898 9781351109918 135110991X 9781351109901 1351109901 9781351109888 135110988X
OCLC Number: 1040592630
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Introduction --
Introduction to rare earth metals --
Assessment of rare earths scarcity --
The optimal extraction path of rare earth metals for China --
Adjustments in the regulatory framework of the Chinese rare earths sector --
Conclusions.
Series Title: Routledge contemporary China series.
Responsibility: Roland Howanietz.

Abstract:

Rare Earth Elements are a group of 17 metals which have a central role in modern industry, increasingly used in the fields of green technologies, high technological consumer goods, industrial and medical appliances and modern weapons systems. Although deposits of Rare Earths are globally dispersed, over 90% of global demand has been provided by Chinese mines since the late 1990s, leading to a situation where China has a virtual monopoly. This book surveys the Rare Earths mining industry, discusses the extent to which Rare Earths really are scarce elsewhere in the world and assesses the economics of production, considering arguments for the rationing of supply, for higher pricing and for a total export embargo. This actually occurred in 2010, demonstrating the vulnerability of the rest of the world to China's control of these increasingly vital resources.

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