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Cities and growth : earnings levels across urban and rural areas: the role of human capital

Author: Desmond Beckstead; Statistics Canada. Economic Analysis Division.
Publisher: Ottawa : Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division, 2010.
Series: Canadian Economy in Transition Series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Using 2001 Census data, this paper investigates the extent to which the urban-rural gap in the earnings of employed workers is associated with human capital composition and agglomeration economies. Both factors have been theoretically and empirically linked to urban-rural earnings differences. Agglomeration economies--the productivity enhancing effects of the geographic concentration of workers and firms--may  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Desmond Beckstead; Statistics Canada. Economic Analysis Division.
ISBN: 9781100137995 1100137998
OCLC Number: 552142777
Notes: "Research paper."
Distributed by the Government of Canada Depository Services Program.
Issued also in French under title: Villes et croissance : niveaux de gains selon les régions urbaines et rurales au Canada : le rôle du capital humain.
Title from PDF title page (viewed Mar. 4, 2010).
Description: 1 online resource (40 pages)
Contents: Abstract --
Executive summary --
1. Introduction --
2. Literature review --
3. Data --
4. Earnings differences across the urban-rural spectrum --
Earnings levels across the urban-rural spectrum --
Correlates of earnings differences --
5. Multivariate analysis --
Earnings model --
Econometric issues --
Econometric results --
6. Conclusion --
Appendix --
References.
Series Title: Canadian Economy in Transition Series.
Responsibility: by Desmond Beckstead, W. Mark Brown, Yusu Guo, and K. Bruce Newbold.
More information:

Abstract:

Using 2001 Census data, this paper investigates the extent to which the urban-rural gap in the earnings of employed workers is associated with human capital composition and agglomeration economies. Both factors have been theoretically and empirically linked to urban-rural earnings differences. Agglomeration economies--the productivity enhancing effects of the geographic concentration of workers and firms--may underlie these differences as they may be stronger in larger urban centres. But human capital composition may also drive the urban-rural earnings gap if workers with higher levels of education and/or experience are more prevalent in cities. The analysis finds that up to one-half of urban-rural earnings differences are related to human capital composition. It also demonstrates that agglomeration economies related to city size are associated with earnings levels, but their influence is significantly reduced by the inclusion of controls for human capital.

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