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Clans, guilds, and markets : apprenticeship institutions and growth in the pre-industrial economy

Author: David De la Croix; Matthias Doepke; Joel Mokyr; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2016.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 22131.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological creativity, population growth, and income per capita. We argue that superior institutions for the creation and dissemination of productive knowledge help explain the European advantage. We build a model of technological progress in a pre-industrial economy that emphasizes  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: David De la Croix; Matthias Doepke; Joel Mokyr; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 945917945
Notes: "March 2016"
Description: 1 online resource (71 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 22131.
Responsibility: David de la Croix, Matthias Doepke, Joel Mokyr.

Abstract:

In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological creativity, population growth, and income per capita. We argue that superior institutions for the creation and dissemination of productive knowledge help explain the European advantage. We build a model of technological progress in a pre-industrial economy that emphasizes the person-to-person transmission of tacit knowledge. The young learn as apprentices from the old. Institutions such as the family, the clan, the guild, and the market organize who learns from whom. We argue that medieval European institutions such as guilds, and specific features such as journeymanship, can explain the rise of Europe relative to regions that relied on the transmission of knowledge within extended families or clans.

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