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Classifying science : phenomena, data, theory, method, practice

Author: Richard William Szostak
Publisher: Dordrecht, The Netherlands ; Norwell, MA : Springer, ©2004.
Series: Information science and knowledge management, v. 7.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Classification is the essential first step in science. The study of science, as well as the practice of science, will thus benefit from a detailed classification of different types of science. In this book, science - defined broadly to include the social sciences and humanities - is first unpacked into its constituent elements: the phenomena studied, the data used, the theories employed, the methods applied, and the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Richard William Szostak
ISBN: 1402030940 9781402030949 1402030959 9781402030956
OCLC Number: 1057998065
Language Note: English.
Description: xv, 286 pages ; 25 cm
Contents: Machine derived contents note: List of Tables vii --
Preface ix --
Chapter 1: Classifying Science 1 --
1.1. A Simple Classificatory Guideline 3 --
1.2. The First "Cut" (and Plan of Work) 5 --
1.3. Some Preliminaries 9 --
Chapter 2: Classifying Phenomena and Data 23 --
2.1. Classifying Phenomena 23 --
2.2. Classifying Data 45 --
Chapter 3: Classifying Theory 51 --
3.1. Typology of Theory 55 --
3.2. What Is a Theory? 74 --
3.3. Evaluating Theories 78 --
3.4. Types of Theory and the Five Types --
of Causation 80 --
3.5. Classifying Individual Theories 82 --
3.6. Advantages of a Typology of Theory 95 --
Chapter 4: Classifying Method 99 --
4.1. Classifying Methods 101 --
4.2. Typology of Strengths and Weaknesses --
of Methods 103 --
4.3. Qualitative Versus Quantitative Analysis --
Revisited 109 --
4.4. Evaluating Methods 113 --
4.5. Classifying Particular Methods Within --
The Typology 116 --
4.6. Advantages of a Typology of Methods 144 --
Chapter 5: Classifying Practice 155 --
5.1. Errors and Biases in Science 158 --
5.2. Typology of (Critiques of) Scientific --
Practice 161 --
5.3. Utilizing This Classification 192 --
5.4. The Five Types of Ethical Analysis 194 --
Chapter 6: Drawing Connections Across --
These Classifications 199 --
6.1. Theory and Method 199 --
6.2. Theory (Method) and Phenomena (Data) 203 --
6.3. Better Paradigms 208 --
6.4. Critiques of Scientific Practice: Are They --
Correlated with Other Classifications? 213 --
Chapter 7: Classifying Scientific Documents 217 --
7.1. Faceted or Enumerative? 219 --
7.2. Classifying By Phenomena Studied 221 --
7.3. Classifying By Theory Used 225 --
7.4. Classifying By Method Used 227 --
7.5 Links Among Subjects 228 --
7.6. Type of Work, Language, and More 229 --
7.7. Critiques of Scientific Practice 230 --
7.8. Classifying Philosophy 231 --
7.9. Evaluating the System 232 --
Chapter 8: Concluding Remarks 239 --
8.1. The Classifications 239 --
8.2. Advantages of These Various Classifications 241 --
8.3. Drawing Connections Across Classifications 245 --
8.4. Golden Mean Arguments 247 --
8.5. Why Should Science Be Believed? 249 --
8.6. How Can Science Be Improved? 250 --
8.7. How Should Science Be Taught? 259 --
References 269 --
Index 279.
Series Title: Information science and knowledge management, v. 7.
Responsibility: by Rick Szostak.
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Abstract:

Notably, the classifications of both theory types and methods allow the key strengths and weaknesses of different theories and methods to be readily discerned and compared.  Read more...

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From the reviews:"Szostak proffers ... an organized, internally consistent, method in the context of a Generic Philosophy of Science & Methodology - applicable in ... any phase of problem-solving. Read more...

 
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