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Classifying science : phenomena, data, theory, method, practice

Author: Rick Szostak
Publisher: Dordrecht, The Netherlands ; Norwell, MA : Springer, ©2004.
Series: Information science and knowledge management, v. 7.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Notably, the classifications of both theory types and methods allow the key strengths and weaknesses of different theories and methods to be readily discerned and compared.

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Rick Szostak
ISBN: 1402030940 9781402030949
OCLC Number: 869667994
Notes: Http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy054/2005275586.html.
Description: xv, 286 p. ; 25 cm.
Contents: List of Tables vii Preface ix Chapter 1: Classifying Science 1 1.1. A Simple Classificatory Guideline 3 1.2. The First 'Cut' (and Plan of Work) 5 1.3. Some Preliminaries 9 Chapter 2: Classifying Phenomena and Data 23 2.1. Classifying Phenomena 23 2.2. Classifying Data 45 Chapter 3: Classifying Theory 51 3.1. Typology of Theory 55 3.2. What Is a Theory? 74 3.3. Evaluating Theories 78 3.4. Types of Theory and the Five Types of Causation 80 3.5. Classifying Individual Theories 82 3.6. Advantages of a Typology of Theory 95 Chapter 4: Classifying Method 99 4.1. Classifying Methods 101 4.2. Typology of Strengths and Weaknesses of Methods 103 4.3. Qualitative Versus Quantitative Analysis Revisited 109 4.4. Evaluating Methods 113 4.5. Classifying Particular Methods Within The Typology 116 4.6. Advantages of a Typology of Methods 144 Chapter 5: Classifying Practice 155 5.1. Errors and Biases in Science 158 5.2. Typology of (Critiques of) Scientific Practice 161 5.3. Utilizing This Classification 192 5.4. The Five Types of Ethical Analysis 194 Chapter 6: Drawing Connections Across These Classifications 199 6.1. Theory and Method 199 6.2. Theory (Method) and Phenomena (Data) 203 6.3. Better Paradigms 208 6.4. Critiques of Scientific Practice: Are They Correlated with Other Classifications? 213 Chapter 7: Classifying Scientific Documents 217 7.1. Faceted or Enumerative? 219 7.2. Classifying By Phenomena Studied 221 7.3. Classifying By Theory Used 225 7.4. Classifying By Method Used 227 7.5 Links Among Subjects 228 7.6. Type of Work, Language, and More 229 7.7. Critiques of Scientific Practice 230 7.8. Classifying Philosophy 231 7.9. Evaluating the System 232 Chapter 8: Concluding Remarks 239 8.1. The Classifications 239 8.2. Advantages of These Various Classifications 241 8.3. Drawing Connections Across Classifications 245 8.4. Golden Mean Arguments 247 8.5. Why Should Science Be Believed? 249 8.6. How Can Science Be Improved? 250 8.7. How Should Science Be Taught? 259 References 269 Index 279
Series Title: Information science and knowledge management, v. 7.
Responsibility: by Rick Szostak.
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From the reviews:"Szostak proffers ... an organized, internally consistent, method in the context of a Generic Philosophy of Science & Methodology - applicable in ... any phase of problem-solving. Read more...

 
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