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Climate change emission valuation for transportation economic analysis

Author: Todd Litman; Victoria Transport Policy Institute.
Publisher: Victoria, B.C. : Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2011.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper describes climate change impacts and costs, presents methods for quantifying and monetizing (measuring in monetary units) these impacts, summarizes published unit cost estimates, and explains the values used in the report, Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis. Climate change emission valuation depends on many factors including the range of impacts considered, the methods used to quantify impacts, and  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Todd Litman; Victoria Transport Policy Institute.
OCLC Number: 772689616
Notes: "6 November 2011"--Cover.
Description: 1 online resource (36 pages) : color illustrations, digital file
Contents: 1. Introduction --
2. Climate change science --
3. Measuring climate change emissions --
4. Quantifying and monetizing climate change emission costs --
5. Monetization techniques --
6. Damage cost estimates --
6.1. Discounting long-term impacts --
6.2. Global factors --
6.2.1. Value of life --
6.2.2. Value of a dollar --
6.3. Uncertainty --
6.4. Non-marginal, non-reversible effects --
6.5. The future of GHG damage cost estimates --
7. Published damage costs estimates --
8. Control costs --
8.1. Emission reduction targets --
8.2. Emissions trading --
9. Global units --
Stern's damage to mitigation ratio --
10. Summary of valuation estimates --
11. Emission cost summary --
12. Transportation emissions --
13. Incorporating emissions costs in economic analysis --
14. VTPI climate change cost values --
15. Conclusions --
References and information resources.
Responsibility: Todd Litman.

Abstract:

This paper describes climate change impacts and costs, presents methods for quantifying and monetizing (measuring in monetary units) these impacts, summarizes published unit cost estimates, and explains the values used in the report, Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis. Climate change emission valuation depends on many factors including the range of impacts considered, the methods used to quantify impacts, and emission reduction targets. Recent studies predict that damage costs are potentially very high if atmospheric greenhouse gas levels exceed critical thresholds, while emission control costs are $20-50 per tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). Some transportation emission reduction strategies have relatively low costs when co-benefits such as consumer savings, congestion reductions and safety are considered.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/772689616<\/a>> # Climate change emission valuation for transportation economic analysis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:MediaObject<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"772689616<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Place\/victoria_b_c<\/a>> ; # Victoria, B.C.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/bcc<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/greenhouse_gas_mitigation_costs<\/a>> ; # Greenhouse gas mitigation--Costs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/air_pollution<\/a>> ; # Air pollution<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/discounted_cash_flow<\/a>> ; # Discounted cash flow<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/carbon_offset<\/a>> ; # Carbon offset<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/greenhouse_gas_mitigation_economic_aspects<\/a>> ; # Greenhouse gas mitigation--Economic aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/climate_change_adaptation<\/a>> ; # Climate change adaptation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/transportation_environmental_aspects<\/a>> ; # Transportation--Environmental aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/discounting<\/a>> ; # Discounting<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/car<\/a>> ; # Car<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1155071<\/a>> ; # Transportation--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/363.738746\/e23\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/climate_change_mitigation<\/a>> ; # Climate change mitigation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/947704<\/a>> ; # Greenhouse gas mitigation--Costs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/cost_benefit_analysis<\/a>> ; # Cost-benefit analysis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/carbon_tax<\/a>> ; # Carbon tax<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1155056<\/a>> ; # Transportation--Environmental aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85137034<\/a>> ; # Transportation--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/carbon_dioxide<\/a>> ; # Carbon dioxide<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/158225974<\/a>> ; # Victoria Transport Policy Institute.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/4116778<\/a>> ; # Todd Litman<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2011<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"This paper describes climate change impacts and costs, presents methods for quantifying and monetizing (measuring in monetary units) these impacts, summarizes published unit cost estimates, and explains the values used in the report, Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis. Climate change emission valuation depends on many factors including the range of impacts considered, the methods used to quantify impacts, and emission reduction targets. Recent studies predict that damage costs are potentially very high if atmospheric greenhouse gas levels exceed critical thresholds, while emission control costs are $20-50 per tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). Some transportation emission reduction strategies have relatively low costs when co-benefits such as consumer savings, congestion reductions and safety are considered.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"1. Introduction -- 2. Climate change science -- 3. Measuring climate change emissions -- 4. Quantifying and monetizing climate change emission costs -- 5. Monetization techniques -- 6. Damage cost estimates -- 6.1. Discounting long-term impacts -- 6.2. Global factors -- 6.2.1. Value of life -- 6.2.2. Value of a dollar -- 6.3. Uncertainty -- 6.4. Non-marginal, non-reversible effects -- 6.5. The future of GHG damage cost estimates -- 7. Published damage costs estimates -- 8. Control costs -- 8.1. Emission reduction targets -- 8.2. Emissions trading -- 9. Global units -- Stern\'s damage to mitigation ratio -- 10. Summary of valuation estimates -- 11. Emission cost summary -- 12. Transportation emissions -- 13. Incorporating emissions costs in economic analysis -- 14. VTPI climate change cost values -- 15. 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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Agent\/victoria_transport_policy_institute<\/a>> # Victoria Transport Policy Institute<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Victoria Transport Policy Institute<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Place\/victoria_b_c<\/a>> # Victoria, B.C.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Victoria, B.C.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/air_pollution<\/a>> # Air pollution<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Air pollution<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/car<\/a>> # Car<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Car<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/carbon_dioxide<\/a>> # Carbon dioxide<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbon dioxide<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/carbon_offset<\/a>> # Carbon offset<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbon offset<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/carbon_tax<\/a>> # Carbon tax<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbon tax<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/climate_change_adaptation<\/a>> # Climate change adaptation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Climate change adaptation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/climate_change_mitigation<\/a>> # Climate change mitigation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Climate change mitigation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/cost_benefit_analysis<\/a>> # Cost-benefit analysis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cost-benefit analysis<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/discounted_cash_flow<\/a>> # Discounted cash flow<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discounted cash flow<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/discounting<\/a>> # Discounting<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discounting<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/greenhouse_gas_mitigation_costs<\/a>> # Greenhouse gas mitigation--Costs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh98006982<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Greenhouse gas mitigation--Costs<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/greenhouse_gas_mitigation_economic_aspects<\/a>> # Greenhouse gas mitigation--Economic aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh98006982<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Greenhouse gas mitigation--Economic aspects<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Topic\/transportation_environmental_aspects<\/a>> # Transportation--Environmental aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85137027<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Transportation--Environmental aspects<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85137034<\/a>> # Transportation--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Transportation--Finance<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/bcc<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"bcc<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1155056<\/a>> # Transportation--Environmental aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Transportation--Environmental aspects<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1155071<\/a>> # Transportation--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Transportation--Finance<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/947704<\/a>> # Greenhouse gas mitigation--Costs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Greenhouse gas mitigation--Costs<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/158225974<\/a>> # Victoria Transport Policy Institute.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Victoria Transport Policy Institute.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/4116778<\/a>> # Todd Litman<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Litman<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Todd<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Todd Litman<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/772689616<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/772689616<\/a>> ; # Climate change emission valuation for transportation economic analysis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-01-08<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/772689616#PublicationEvent\/victoria_b_c_victoria_transport_policy_institute_2011<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Place\/victoria_b_c<\/a>> ; # Victoria, B.C.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516295599#Agent\/victoria_transport_policy_institute<\/a>> ; # Victoria Transport Policy Institute<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2011<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n