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Closing the circle : democratization and development in Africa

Author: Richard Sandbrook
Publisher: Toronto [Ont.] : Between the Lines, 2000.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Drawing on the diverse experiences of a selected sample of African countries, the author shows how democracy, economic reform and the social order can all be strengthened, created or improved.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Sandbrook, Richard.
Closing the circle.
Toronto : Between the Lines ; London ; New York : Zed Books, 2000
(DLC) 00043474
(OCoLC)44509172
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Richard Sandbrook
ISBN: 1896357377 9781896357379 9781459305236 145930523X
OCLC Number: 180704272
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [Place of publication not identified] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 180 pages) : map
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Contents: Map of Sub-Saharan Africa --
1. Patterns and Perspectives. From Authoritarianism to Democracy. Democratization and Deadly Conflict. Democratization, Economic Reform, and the State. The Future: Democracy, Development, and Globalization --
2. The Real World of African Democracy. Elections: How Free and Fair? Party Systems or Factional Systems? Civil and Political Rights: How Protected? The Practice and Promise of Democratization --
3. Democratization and Deadly Conflict. The Complex Political Emergency Syndrome. Deadly Conflict in the Sudan. Democratization as Antidote. Prognosis: Uncertain --
4. Democratization and Market Reforms. Governmental Commitment to Reform. Building Political Coalitions for Neo-Liberal Reform. Administrative Capacity.
Responsibility: Richard Sandbrook.
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Abstract:

Exploring democratization in Africa, this book compares a variety of African nations and illustrates the connections between democracy, economic reform and social order.  Read more...

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'Sandbrook does a remarkable job of presenting an extraordinary range of material about an extraordinarily complex subject--the meltdown of politics and economies in Africa--in a way that makes Read more...

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/180704272<\/a>> # Closing the circle : democratization and development in Africa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:MediaObject<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"180704272<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/onc<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1239509<\/a>> ; # Africa.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Event\/since_1960<\/a>> ; # Since 1960<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/960.32\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1919741<\/a>> ; # Politics and government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/economie<\/a>> ; # Economie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Place\/afrique<\/a>> ; # Afrique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Place\/africa<\/a>> ; # Africa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Place\/afrika<\/a>> ; # Afrika<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/wirtschaft<\/a>> ; # Wirtschaft<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102145<\/a>> ; # Democracy--Africa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/politiek<\/a>> ; # Politiek<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/democratisering<\/a>> ; # Democratisering<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/democratie_afrique<\/a>> ; # D\u00E9mocratie--Afrique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/890077<\/a>> ; # Democracy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/demokratisierung<\/a>> ; # Demokratisierung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Event\/geschichte_1960_1999<\/a>> ; # Geschichte 1960-1999.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/democratisation_afrique<\/a>> ; # D\u00E9mocratisation--Afrique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/901974<\/a>> ; # Economic history<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/46777019<\/a>> ; # Richard Sandbrook<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2000<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Drawing on the diverse experiences of a selected sample of African countries, the author shows how democracy, economic reform and the social order can all be strengthened, created or improved.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/836950755<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Electronic books<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/44509172<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Closing the circle : democratization and development in Africa<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"180704272<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/link.library.utoronto.ca\/eir\/EIRdetail.cfm?Resources__ID=1060383&T=F<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.deslibris.ca\/ID\/406127<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/books.scholarsportal.info\/viewdoc.html?id=\/ebooks\/ebooks0\/gibson_crkn\/2009-12-01\/3\/406127<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/www.deslibris.ca\/ID\/406127<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/archive.org\/details\/closingcircledem0000sand<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/catalog.hathitrust.org\/api\/volumes\/oclc\/44509172.html<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/link.library.utoronto.ca\/eir\/EIRdetail.cfm?Resources__ID=598315&T=F<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/site.ebrary.com\/id\/10134691<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/public.ebookcentral.proquest.com\/choice\/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=3244987<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/catdir.loc.gov\/catdir\/toc\/fy042\/00043474.html<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781896357379<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781459305236<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/180704272<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/960.32\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Event\/geschichte_1960_1999<\/a>> # Geschichte 1960-1999.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte 1960-1999.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Event\/since_1960<\/a>> # Since 1960<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Since 1960<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Place\/africa<\/a>> # Africa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Africa<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Place\/afrika<\/a>> # Afrika<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Afrika<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Place\/afrique<\/a>> # Afrique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Afrique<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/democratie_afrique<\/a>> # D\u00E9mocratie--Afrique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"D\u00E9mocratie--Afrique<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/democratisation_afrique<\/a>> # D\u00E9mocratisation--Afrique<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"D\u00E9mocratisation--Afrique<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/democratisering<\/a>> # Democratisering<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Democratisering<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/demokratisierung<\/a>> # Demokratisierung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Demokratisierung<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/economie<\/a>> # Economie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Economie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/politiek<\/a>> # Politiek<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Politiek<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/836950755#Topic\/wirtschaft<\/a>> # Wirtschaft<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Wirtschaft<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102145<\/a>> # Democracy--Africa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Democracy--Africa<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/onc<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"onc<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1239509<\/a>> # Africa.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Africa.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1919741<\/a>> # Politics and government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Politics and government<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/890077<\/a>> # Democracy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Democracy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/901974<\/a>> # Economic history<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Economic history<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/46777019<\/a>> # Richard Sandbrook<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Sandbrook<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Richard<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Richard Sandbrook<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781896357379<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"1896357377<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9781896357379<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.deslibris.ca\/ID\/406127<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"from desLibris CRKN<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"(Unlimited Concurrent Users)<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/44509172<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"Closing the circle.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Print version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/180704272<\/a>> ; # Closing the circle : democratization and development in Africa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n