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Computer vision and real estate : do looks matter and do incentives determine looks

Author: Edward L Glaeser; Michael Scott Kincaid; Nikhil Naik; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2018.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25174.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
How much does the appearance of a house, or its neighbors, impact its price? Do events that impact the incentives facing homeowners, like foreclosure, impact the maintenance and appearance of a home? Using computer vision techniques, we find that a one standard deviation improvement in the appearance of a home in Boston is associated with a .16 log point increase in the home’s value, or about $68,000 at the sample  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Edward L Glaeser; Michael Scott Kincaid; Nikhil Naik; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1059536637
Notes: "October 2018"
Description: 1 online resource (34 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25174.
Responsibility: Edward L. Glaeser, Michael Scott Kincaid, Nikhil Naik.

Abstract:

How much does the appearance of a house, or its neighbors, impact its price? Do events that impact the incentives facing homeowners, like foreclosure, impact the maintenance and appearance of a home? Using computer vision techniques, we find that a one standard deviation improvement in the appearance of a home in Boston is associated with a .16 log point increase in the home’s value, or about $68,000 at the sample mean. The additional predictive power created by images is small relative to location and basic home variables, but external images do outperform variables collected by in-person home assessors. A home’s value increases by .4 log points, when its neighbor’s visually predicted value increases by one log point, and more visible neighbors have a larger price impact than less visible neighbors. Homes that went through foreclosure during the 2008-09 financial crisis experienced a .04 log point decline in their appearance-related value, relative to comparable homes, suggesting that foreclosures reduced the incentives to maintain the housing stock. We do not find more depreciation of appearance in rental properties, or more upgrading of appearance by owners before resale.

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