Concepts in biology (Book, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
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Concepts in biology
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Concepts in biology

Author: Eldon D Enger; Frederick C Ross; David B Bailey
Publisher: New York : McGraw-Hill, ©2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 14th edView all editions and formats
Summary:
Concepts in Biology is a relatively brief introductory general biology text written for students with no previous science background. The authors strive to use the most accessible vocabulary and writing style possible while still maintaining scientific accuracy. The text covers all the main areas of study in biology from cells through ecosystems. Evolution and ecology coverage are combined in Part Four to emphasize  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Eldon D Enger; Frederick C Ross; David B Bailey
ISBN: 9780073403465 0073403466 9780071315081 007131508X
OCLC Number: 652743613
Notes: Includes index.
Description: xxiii, 638 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents: Preface --
Part 1: Introduction: --
What Is Biology?: --
Why the study of biology is important --
Science and the scientific method: --
Basic assumptions in science --
Cause-and-effect relationships --
Scientific method --
Science, nonscience, and pseudoscience: --
Fundamental attitudes in science --
Theoretical and applied science --
Science and nonscience --
Pseudoscience --
Limitations of science --
Science of biology: --
What makes something alive? --
Levels of biological organization and emerging properties --
Significance of biology in our lives --
Consequences of not understanding biological principles --
Future directions in biology --
Part 2: Cornerstones: Chemistry, Cells, And Metabolism: --
Basics Of Life: Chemistry: --
Matter, energy, and life --
Nature of matter: --
Structure of the atom --
Elements may vary in neutrons but not protons --
Subatomic particles and electrical charge --
Position of electrons --
Kinetic molecular theory and molecules: --
Formation of molecules --
Molecules and kinetic energy --
Physical changes: phases of matter --
Chemical changes: forming new kinds of matter: --
Ionic bonds and ions --
Covalent bonds --
Water: the essence of life: --
Mixtures and solutions --
Chemical reactions: --
Oxidation-reduction reactions --
Dehydration synthesis reactions --
Hydrolysis reactions --
Phosphorylation reactions --
Acid-base reactions --
Acids, bases, and salts --
Organic Molecules: The Molecules Of Life: --
Molecules containing carbon: --
Carbon: the central atom --
Complexity of organic molecules --
Carbon skeleton and functional groups --
Macromolecules of life --
Carbohydrates: --
Simple sugars --
Complex carbohydrates --
Proteins: --
Structure of proteins --
What do proteins do? --
Nucleic acids: --
DNA --
RNA --
Lipids: --
True (neutral) fats --
Phospholipids --
Steroids --
Cell Structure And Function: --
Development of the cell theory: --
Some history --
Basic cell types --
Cell size --
Structure of Cellular membranes --
Organelles composed of membranes: --
Plasma membrane --
Endoplasmic reticulum --
Golgi apparatus --
Lysosomes --
Peroxisomes --
Vacuoles and vesicles --
Nuclear membrane --
Endomembrane system: Interconversions of membranes --
Energy converters: mitochondria and chloroplasts --
Nonmembranous organelles: --
Ribosomes --
Microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments --
Centrioles --
Cilia and flagella --
Inclusions --
Nuclear components --
Exchange through membranes: --
Diffusion --
Osmosis --
Controlled methods of transporting molecules --
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells revisited: --
Prokaryotic cell structure --
Eukaryotic cell structure --
Cell: the basic unit of life --
Enzymes, Coenzymes, And Energy: --
How cells use enzymes --
How enzymes speed chemical reaction rates: --
Enzymes bind to substrates --
Naming bind to substrates --
Naming enzymes --
Cofactors, coenzymes, and vitamins --
How the environment affects enzyme action: --
Temperature --
pH --
Enzyme-substrate concentration --
Cellular-control processes and enzymes: --
Enzymatic competition for substrates --
Gene regulation --
Inhibition --
Enzymatic reactions used in processing energy and matter: --
Biochemical pathways --
Generating energy in a useful forms: ATP --
Electron transport --
Proton pump --
Biochemical Pathways: Cellular Respiration: --
Energy and organisms --
Overview of aerobic cellular respiration: --
Glycolysis --
Krebs cycle --
Electron-Transport System (ETS) --
Metabolic pathways of aerobic cellular respiration: --
Fundamental description --
Detailed description --
Aerobic cellular respiration in prokaryotes --
Anaerobic cellular respiration: --
Alcoholic fermentation --
Lactic acid fermentation --
Metabolic processing of molecules other than carbohydrates: --
Fat respiration --
Protein respiration --
Biochemical Pathways: Photosynthesis: --
Photosynthesis and life --
Overview of photosynthesis --
Metabolic pathways of photosynthesis: --
Fundamental description --
Detailed description --
Glyceraldehyde-3phosphate: the product of photosynthesis --
Other aspects of plant metabolism --
Interrelationships between autotrophs and heterotrophs --
Part 3: Molecular Biology, Cell Division, And Genetics: --
DNA And RNA: The Molecular Basis Of Heredity: --
DNA and the importance of proteins --
DNA structure and function: --
DNA structure --
Base pairing in DNA replication --
Repair of genetic information --
DNA code --
RNA structure and function --
Protein synthesis: --
Step One: Transcription: making RNA --
Step Two: Translation: making protein --
Nearly universal genetic code --
Control of protein synthesis: --
Controlling protein quantity --
Controlling protein quality --
Epigenetics --
Mutations and protein synthesis: --
Point mutations --
Insertions and deletions --
Chromosomal aberration --
Mutations and inheritance --
Cell Division: Proliferation And Reproduction: --
Cell division: an overview: --
Asexual reproduction --
Sexual reproduction --
Cell cycle and mitosis: --
G1 stage of interphase --
S stage of interphase --
G2 stage of interphase --
Mitosis: cell replication: --
Prophase --
Metaphase --
Anaphase --
Telophase --
Cytokinesis --
Summary --
Controlling mitosis --
Cancer: --
Mutagenic and carcinogenic agents --
Epigenetics and cancer --
Treatment strategies --
Determination and differentiation --
Cell division and sexual reproduction --
Meiosis: gamete production: --
Meiosis 1 --
Meiosis 2 --
Genetic diversity: the biological advantage of sexual reproduction: --
Mutation --
Crossing-over --
Segregation --
Independent assortment --
Fertilization --
Nondisjunction and chromosomal abnormalities --
Patterns Of Inheritance: --
Meiosis, genes, and alleles: --
Various ways to study genes --
What is an allele? --
Genomes and meiosis --
Fundamentals of genetics: --
Phenotype and genotype --
Predicting gametes from meiosis --
Fertilization --
Probability vs possibility --
First geneticist: Gregor Mendel --
Solving genetics problems: --
Single-factor crosses --
Double-factor crosses --
Modified Mendelian patterns: --
Codominance --
Incomplete dominance --
Multiple alleles --
Polygenic inheritance --
Pleiotropy --
Linkage: --
Linkage groups --
Autosomal linkage --
Sex determination --
Sex linkage --
Other influences on phenotype. Applications Of Biotechnology: --
Why biotechnology works --
Comparing DNA: --
DNA fingerprinting --
Gene sequencing and the human genome project --
Genetic modification of organisms: --
Genetically modified organisms --
Genetically modified foods --
Gene therapy --
Cloning of organisms --
Stem cells: --
Embryonic and adult stem cells --
Personalized stem cell lines --
Biotechnology ethics: --
What are the consequences? --
Is biotechnology inherently wrong? --
Part 4: Evolution And Ecology: --
Diversity Within Species And Population Genetics: --
Genetics in species and populations --
Biological species concept: --
Gene and allele frequencies --
Subspecies, breeds, varieties, strains, and races --
How genetic diversity comes about: --
Mutations --
Sexual reproduction --
Migration --
Importance of population size --
Why genetically distinct population exist: --
Adaptation to local environmental conditions: --
Founder effect --
Genetic bottleneck --
Barriers to movement --
Genetic diversity in domesticated plants and animals: --
Cloning --
Selective breeding --
Genetic engineering --
Impact of monoculture --
Is it a species or not?: the evidence --
Human population genetics --
Ethics and human population genetics --
Evolution And Natural Selection: --
Scientific concept of evolution --
Development of evolutionary thought: --
Early thinking about evolution --
Theory of natural selection --
Modern interpretations of natural selection --
Role of natural selection in evolution --
Common misunderstandings about natural selection --
What influences natural selection?: --
Mechanisms that affect genetic diversity --
Role of gene expression --
Importance of excess reproduction --
Process that drive selection: --
Differential survival --
Differential reproductive rates --
Differential mate choice: sexual selection --
Patterns of selection: --
Stabilizing selection --
Directional selection --
Disruptive selection --
Evolution without selection: genetic drift --
Gene-frequency studies and the Hardy-Weinberg concept: --
Determining genotype frequencies --
Why Hardy-Weinberg conditions rarely exist --
Using the Hardy-Weinberg concept to show allele-frequency change --
Summary of the causes of evolutionary change --
Formation Of Species And Evolutionary Change: --
Evolutionary patterns at the species level: --
Gene flow --
Genetic similarity --
How new species originate: --
Speciation by geographic isolation --
Polyploidy: instant speciation --
Other speciation mechanisms --
Maintenance of reproductive isolation between species --
Evolutionary patterns above the species level: --
Divergent evolution --
Extinction --
Adaptive radiation --
Convergent evolution --
Homologous or analogous structures --
Rates of evolution --
Tentative nature of the evolutionary history of organisms --
Human evolution: --
Genus Ardipithecus --
Genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus --
Genus Homo --
Two points of view on the origin of Homo Sapiens --
Ecosystem Dynamics: The Flow Of Energy And Matter: --
What is ecology?: --
Biotic and abiotic environmental factors --
Levels of organization in ecology --
Trophic levels and food chains: --
Producers --
Consumers --
Decomposers --
Energy flow through ecosystems: --
Laws of thermodynamics --
Pyramid of energy --
Pyramid of numbers --
Pyramid of biomass --
Cycling of materials in ecosystems: biogeochemical cycles: --
Carbon cycle --
Hydrologic cycle --
Nitrogen cycle --
Phosphorus cycle --
Nutrient cycles and geologic time --
Human use of ecosystems: --
Conversion of ecosystems to human use --
Energy pyramid and human nutrition --
Community Interactions: --
Nature of communities: --
Defining community boundaries --
Complexity and stability --
Communities are dynamic --
Niche and habitat: --
Niche concept --
Habitat concept --
Kinds of organism interactions: --
Competition --
Competition and natural selection --
Predation --
Symbiotic relationships --
Parasitism --
Special kinds of predation and parasitism --
Commensalism --
Mutualism --
Types of communities: --
Temperate deciduous forest --
Temperate grassland (prairie) --
Savanna --
Mediterranean shrublands (chaparral) --
Tropical dry forest --
Desert --
Boreal coniferous forest --
Temperate rainforest --
Tundra --
Tropical rainforest --
Relationship between elevation and climate --
Major aquatic ecosystems: --
Marine ecosystems --
Freshwater ecosystems --
Succession: --
Primary succession --
Secondary succession --
Modern concepts of succession and climax --
Succession and human activity --
Impact of human actions on communities: --
Introduced species --
Predator control --
Habitat destruction --
Pesticide use --
Biomagnification --
Population Ecology: --
Population characteristics --
Gene flow and gene frequency --
Age distribution --
Sex ratio --
Population distribution --
Population density --
Reproductive capacity --
Population growth curve: --
Lag phase --
Exponential growth phase --
Deceleration phase --
Stable equilibrium phase --
Alternate population growth strategies --
Limits to population size: --
Extrinsic and intrinsic limiting factors --
Density-dependent and density-independent limiting factors --
Categories of limiting factors: --
Availability of raw materials --
Availability of energy --
Accumulation of waste products --
Interaction with other organisms --
Carrying capacity --
Limiting factors to human population growth: --
Availability of raw materials --
Availability of energy --
Accumulation of wastes --
Interactions with other organisms --
Control of the human population: a social a problem --
Evolutionary And Ecological Aspects Of Behavior: --
Interpreting behavior: --
Discovering the significance of behavior --
Behavior is adaptive --
Problem of anthropomorphism --
Instinctive and learned behavior: --
Nature of instinctive behavior --
Nature of learned behavior --
Kinds of learning: --
Habituation --
Association --
Exploratory learning --
Imprinting --
Insight --
Instinct and learning in the same animal --
Human behavior --
Selected topics in behavioral ecology: --
Communication --
Reproductive behavior --
Territorial behavior --
Dominance hierarchy --
Behavioral adaptations to seasonal changes --
Navigation and migration --
Social behavior. Part 5: Origin And Classification Of Life: --
Origin Of Life And The Evolution Of Cells: --
Early thoughts about the origin of life --
Current thinking about the origin of life: --
Extraterrestrial origin for life on earth --
Earth origin for life on earth --
Big Bang and the origin of the earth: --
Big Bang --
Formation of the planet earth --
Conditions on the early earth --
Chemical evolution of life on earth: --
Formation of the first organic molecules --
Formation of macromolecules --
RNA may have been the first genetic material --
Development of membranes --
Development of metabolic pathways --
Major evolutionary changes in early cellular life: --
Development of an oxidizing atmosphere --
Establishment of three major domains of life --
Origin of eukaryotic cells --
Development of multicellular organisms --
Geologic timeline and the evolution of life: --
Aquatic beginning --
Adaptation to a terrestrial existence --
Classification And Evolution Of Organisms: --
Classification of organisms: --
Problem with common names --
Taxonomy --
Phylogeny --
Brief survey of the domains of life: --
Domain bacteria --
Domain archaea --
Domain Eucarya --
Acellular infectious particles: --
Viruses --
Viroids: infectious RNA --
Prions: infectious proteins --
Nature Of Microorganisms: --
What are microorganisms? --
Domains Bacteria and Archaea: --
Domain bacteria --
Domain Archaea --
Kingdom Protista: --
Algae --
Protozoa --
Funguslike protists --
Multicellularity in the Protista --
Kingdom Fungi: --
Taxonomy of Fungi --
Significance of Fungi --
Plant Kingdom: --
What is a plant? --
Alternation of generations --
Evolution of plants --
Nonvascular plants: --
Moss life cycle --
Kinds of nonvascular plants --
Significance of vascular tissue --
Development of roots, stems, and leaves: --
Roots --
Stems --
Leaves --
Seedless vascular plants: --
Fern life cycle --
Kinds of seedless vascular plants --
Seed-producing vascular plants: --
Gymnosperms --
Angiosperms --
Growth of woody plants --
Plant responses to their environment: --
Tropisms --
Seasonal responses --
Responses to injury --
Coevolution of plants and animals --
Animal Kingdom: --
What is an animal? --
Evolution of animals --
Temperature regulation --
Body plans: --
Symmetry --
Embryonic cell layers --
Body cavities --
Segmentation --
Skeletons --
Marine lifestyles: --
Zooplankton --Nekton --
Benthic animals --
Primitive marine animals: --
Porifera: sponges --
Cnidaria: jellyfish, corals, and sea anemones --
Ctenophora: comb jellies --
Platyhelminthes: flatworms --
Nematoda: roundworms --
Annelida: segmented worms --
Mollusca --
Arthropoda --
Echinodermata --
Chordata --
Adaptations to terrestrial life: --
Terrestrial arthropods --
Terrestrial vertebrates --
Part 5: Physiological Processes: --
Materials Exchange In The Body: --
Basic principles of material exchange --
Circulation: the cardiovascular system: --
Nature of blood --
Heart --
Blood vessels: arteries, veins, and capillaries --
Lymphatic system --
Gas exchange: the respiratory system: --
Mechanics of breathing --
Breathing system regulation --
Lung function --
Obtaining nutrients: the digestive system: --
Mechanical and chemical processing --
Nutrient uptake --
Chemical alteration: the role of the liver --
Waste disposal: the excretory system: --
Kidney structure --
Kidney function --
Nutrition: Food And Diet: --
Living things as chemical factories: matter and energy manipulators: --
Diet and nutrition defined --
Energy content of food --
Kinds of nutrients and their function: --
Carbohydrates --
Lipids --
Proteins --
Vitamins --
Minerals --
Water --
Dietary reference intakes --
Food guide pyramid: --
Grains --
Fruits --
Vegetables --
Milk --
Meat and beans --
Oils --
Exercise --
Determining energy needs --
Eating disorders: --
Obesity --
Bulimia --
Anorexia nervosa --
Nutrition through the life cycle: --
Infancy --
Childhood --
Adolescence --
Adulthood --
Old age --
Pregnancy and lactation --
Nutrition for fitness and sports: --
Anaerobic and aerobic exercise --
Metabolic changes during aerobic exercise --
Diet and exercise --
Body's Control Mechanisms And Immunity: --
Coordination in multicellular animals --
Nervous system function: --
Structure of the nervous system --
Nature of the nerve impulse --
Activities at the synapse --
Organization of the central nervous system --
Endocrine system: --
Endocrine system function --
Negative-feedback inhibition and hormones --
Integration of nervous and endocrine function: --
Sensory input: --
Chemical detection --
Vision --
Hearing and balance --
Touch --
Output coordination: --
Muscular contraction --
Types of muscle --
Activities of glands --
Growth responses --
Body's defense mechanisms: Immunity: --
Innate immunity --
Adaptive immunity --
Immune system diseases --
Human Reproduction, Sex, And Sexuality: --
Sexuality from various points of view --
Sexuality spectrum: --
Anatomy --
Behavior --
Components of human sexual behavior --
Sex determination and embryonic sexual development: --
Chromosomal determination of sex --
Chromosomal abnormalities and sexual development --
Fetal sexual development --
Sexual maturation of young adults: --
Maturation of females --
Maturation of males --
Spermatogenesis --
Oogenesis, ovulation, an menstruation --
Hormonal control of fertility --
Fertilization, pregnancy, and birth: --
Twins --
Birth --
Contraception: --
Barrier methods --
Chemical methods --
Hormonal control methods --
Timing method --
Intrauterine devices (IUD) --
Surgical methods --
Termination of pregnancy: abortion --
Changes in sexual function with age --
Appendix 1 --
Appendix 2 --
Glossary --
Credits --
Index.
Responsibility: Eldon D. Enger, Frederick C. Ross, David B. Bailey.

Abstract:

Covers the main areas of study in biology from cells through ecosystems. This title combines evolution and ecology coverage to emphasize the relationship between these two main subject areas.  Read more...

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