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Confronting the odds : African American entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio

Author: Bessie House-Soremekun
Publisher: Kent [Ohio] : Kent State University Press, ©2002.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

A historical analysis of black entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio, from the early 1800s to the 21st century. It includes statistical analysis of the factors that contributed to the success of these  Read more...

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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Bessie House-Soremekun
ISBN: 0873387341 9780873387347
OCLC Number: 49276308
Description: xxvi, 202 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: African American entrepreneurship at the national level --
The historical development of the African American community in Cleveland and the Black-owned business sector, 1795-1895 --
Black business development in Cleveland, 1895-1960 --
Black economic and political development in the contemporary period, 1960-2000 the contemporary condition of Black-owned businesses in Cleveland --
The continuum of Black economic success: why some firms succeed while others fail --
When gender mattered: a comparison of Black male and female business owners --
Life histories of African American entrepreneurs.
Responsibility: Bessie House-Soremekun.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/49276308<\/a>> # Confronting the odds : African American entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"49276308<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/kent_ohio<\/a>> ; # Kent Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ohu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/african_american_business_enterprises_ohio_cleveland_history<\/a>> ; # African American business enterprises--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/schwarze<\/a>> ; # Schwarze.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/entrepreneurs_economie_politique_etats_unis_ohio_etats_unis<\/a>> ; # Entrepreneurs (\u00E9conomie politique)--\u00C9tats-Unis--Ohio (\u00C9tats-Unis)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1205966<\/a>> ; # Ohio--Cleveland.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799060<\/a>> ; # African American business enterprises<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/hommes_d_affaires_noirs_americains_etats_unis_cleveland_ohio<\/a>> ; # Hommes d\'affaires noirs am\u00E9ricains--\u00C9tats-Unis--Cleveland (Ohio)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Event\/geschichte_1795_2002<\/a>> ; # Geschichte 1795-2002.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/338.0408996073077132\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/african_american_businesspeople_ohio_cleveland_history<\/a>> ; # African American businesspeople--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799064<\/a>> ; # African American businesspeople<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/cleveland_ohio<\/a>> ; # Cleveland, Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/entreprises_noires_americaines_etats_unis_cleveland_ohio<\/a>> ; # Entreprises noires am\u00E9ricaines--\u00C9tats-Unis--Cleveland (Ohio)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/entrepreneurship_ohio_cleveland_history<\/a>> ; # Entrepreneurship--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/african_americans_ohio_cleveland_economic_conditions<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Ohio--Cleveland--Economic conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/unternehmer<\/a>> ; # Unternehmer<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799599<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Economic conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/912787<\/a>> ; # Entrepreneurship<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"2002<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/38738195<\/a>> ; # Bessie House-Soremekun<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2002<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"African American entrepreneurship at the national level -- The historical development of the African American community in Cleveland and the Black-owned business sector, 1795-1895 -- Black business development in Cleveland, 1895-1960 -- Black economic and political development in the contemporary period, 1960-2000 the contemporary condition of Black-owned businesses in Cleveland -- The continuum of Black economic success: why some firms succeed while others fail -- When gender mattered: a comparison of Black male and female business owners -- Life histories of African American entrepreneurs.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/853594377<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Biography<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Confronting the odds : African American entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"49276308<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49276308#PublicationEvent\/kent_ohio_kent_state_university_press_2002<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Agent\/kent_state_university_press<\/a>> ; # Kent State University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780873387347<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49276308<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/338.0408996073077132\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Agent\/kent_state_university_press<\/a>> # Kent State University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kent State University Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Event\/geschichte_1795_2002<\/a>> # Geschichte 1795-2002.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte 1795-2002.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/cleveland_ohio<\/a>> # Cleveland, Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cleveland, Ohio<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/kent_ohio<\/a>> # Kent Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Kent Ohio<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/schwarze<\/a>> # Schwarze.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Schwarze.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/african_american_business_enterprises_ohio_cleveland_history<\/a>> # African American business enterprises--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001807<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American business enterprises--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/african_american_businesspeople_ohio_cleveland_history<\/a>> # African American businesspeople--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85002007<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American businesspeople--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/african_americans_ohio_cleveland_economic_conditions<\/a>> # African Americans--Ohio--Cleveland--Economic conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001932<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Ohio--Cleveland--Economic conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/entrepreneurs_economie_politique_etats_unis_ohio_etats_unis<\/a>> # Entrepreneurs (\u00E9conomie politique)--\u00C9tats-Unis--Ohio (\u00C9tats-Unis)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Entrepreneurs (\u00E9conomie politique)--\u00C9tats-Unis--Ohio (\u00C9tats-Unis)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/entrepreneurship_ohio_cleveland_history<\/a>> # Entrepreneurship--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85044149<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Entrepreneurship--Ohio--Cleveland--History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/entreprises_noires_americaines_etats_unis_cleveland_ohio<\/a>> # Entreprises noires am\u00E9ricaines--\u00C9tats-Unis--Cleveland (Ohio)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Entreprises noires am\u00E9ricaines--\u00C9tats-Unis--Cleveland (Ohio)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/hommes_d_affaires_noirs_americains_etats_unis_cleveland_ohio<\/a>> # Hommes d\'affaires noirs am\u00E9ricains--\u00C9tats-Unis--Cleveland (Ohio)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Hommes d\'affaires noirs am\u00E9ricains--\u00C9tats-Unis--Cleveland (Ohio)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Topic\/unternehmer<\/a>> # Unternehmer<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Unternehmer<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ohu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"ohu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1205966<\/a>> # Ohio--Cleveland.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ohio--Cleveland.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799060<\/a>> # African American business enterprises<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American business enterprises<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799064<\/a>> # African American businesspeople<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American businesspeople<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799599<\/a>> # African Americans--Economic conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Economic conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/912787<\/a>> # Entrepreneurship<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Entrepreneurship<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/38738195<\/a>> # Bessie House-Soremekun<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1956<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"House-Soremekun<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Bessie<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Bessie House-Soremekun<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780873387347<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0873387341<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780873387347<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49276308<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/49276308<\/a>> ; # Confronting the odds : African American entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2018-12-08<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49276308#PublicationEvent\/kent_ohio_kent_state_university_press_2002<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Place\/kent_ohio<\/a>> ; # Kent Ohio<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/853594377#Agent\/kent_state_university_press<\/a>> ; # Kent State University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n