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Conservation and the genetics of populations

Author: Frederick William Allendorf; Gordon Luikart; Sally N Aitken
Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex ; Hoboken : Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
Summary:

This second edition presents how genetic information can be used to conserve threatened species, as well as manage ecologically or commercially important species.

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Frederick William Allendorf; Gordon Luikart; Sally N Aitken
ISBN: 9780470671467 0470671467 9780470671450 0470671459
OCLC Number: 830028869
Description: xviii, 602 pages, [8] pages of color plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: pt. I INTRODUCTION --
1. Introduction --
1.1. Genetics and civilization --
1.2. What should we conserve? --
1.3. How should we conserve biodiversity? --
1.4. Applications of genetics to conservation --
1.5. future --
Guest Box 1 L. Scott Mills and Michael E. Soule, The role of genetics in conservation --
2. Phenotypic variation in natural populations --
2.1. Color pattern --
2.2. Morphology --
2.3. Behavior --
2.4. Phenology --
2.5. Differences among populations --
2.6. Nongenetic inheritance --
Guest Box 2 Chris J. Foote, Looks can be deceiving: countergradient variation in secondary sexual color in sympatric morphs of sockeye salmon --
3. Genetic variation in natural populations: chromosomes and proteins --
3.1. Chromosomes --
3.2. Protein electrophoresis --
3.3. Genetic variation within natural populations --
3.4. Genetic divergence among populations --
Guest Box 3 E. M. Tuttle, Chromosomal polymorphism in the white-throated sparrow --
4. Genetic variation in natural populations: DNA --
4.1. Mitochondrial and chloroplast organelle DNA --
4.2. Single-copy nuclear loci --
4.3. Multiple locus techniques --
4.4. Genomic tools and markers --
4.5. Transcriptomics --
4.6. Other `omics' and the future --
Guest Box 4 Louis Bernatchez, Rapid evolutionary changes of gene expression in domesticated Atlantic salmon and its consequences for the conservation of wild populations --
pt. II MECHANISMS OF EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE --
5. Random mating populations: Hardy-Weinberg principle --
5.1. Hardy-Weinberg principle --
5.2. Hardy-Weinberg proportions --
5.3. Testing for Hardy-Weinberg proportions --
5.4. Estimation of allele frequencies --
5.5. Sex-linked loci --
5.6. Estimation of genetic variation Note continued: Guest Box 5 Paul Sunnucks and Birgita D. Hansen, Null alleles and Bonferroni `abuse': treasure your exceptions (and so get it right for Leadbeater's possum) --
6. Small populations and genetic drift --
6.1. Genetic drift --
6.2. Changes in allele frequency --
6.3. Loss of genetic variation: the inbreeding effect of small populations --
6.4. Loss of allelic diversity --
6.5. Founder effect --
6.6. Genotypic proportions in small populations --
6.7. Fitness effects of genetic drift --
Guest Box 6 Menna E. Jones, Reduced genetic variation and the emergence of an extinction-threatening disease in the Tasmanian devil --
7. Effective population size --
7.1. Concept of effective population size --
7.2. Unequal sex ratio --
7.3. Nonrandom number of progeny --
7.4. Fluctuating population size --
7.5. Overlapping generations --
7.6. Variance effective population size --
7.7. Cytoplasmic genes --
7.8. Gene genealogies, the coalescent, and lineage sorting --
7.9. Limitations of effective population size --
7.10. Effective population size in natural populations --
Guest Box 7 Craig R. Miller and Lisette P. Waits, Estimation of effective population size in Yellowstone grizzly bears --
8. Natural selection --
8.1. Fitness --
8.2. Single locus with two alleles --
8.3. Multiple alleles --
8.4. Frequency-dependent selection --
8.5. Natural selection in small populations --
8.6. Natural selection and conservation --
Guest Box 8 Paul A. Hohenlohe and William A. Cresko, Natural selection across the genome of the threespine stickleback fish --
9. Population subdivision --
9.1. F-Statistics --
9.2. Spatial patterns of relatedness within local populations --
9.3. Genetic divergence among populations and gene flow --
9.4. Gene flow and genetic drift --
9.5. Continuously distributed populations --
9.6. Cytoplasmic genes and sex-linked markers Note continued: 9.7. Gene flow and natural selection --
9.8. Limitations of FST and other measures of subdivision --
9.9. Estimation of gene flow --
9.10. Population subdivision and conservation --
Guest Box 9 M.K. Schwartz and J.M. Tucker, Genetic population structure and conservation of fisher in western North America --
10. Multiple Ioci --
10.1. Gametic disequilibrium --
10.2. Small population size --
10.3. Natural selection --
10.4. Population subdivision --
10.5. Hybridization --
10.6. Estimation of gametic disequilibrium --
10.7. Multiple loci and conservation --
Guest Box 10 Robin S. Waples, Estimation of effective population size using gametic disequilibrium --
11. Quantitative genetics --
11.1. Heritability --
11.2. Selection on quantitative traits --
11.3. Finding genes underlying quantitative traits --
11.4. Loss of quantitative genetic variation --
11.5. Divergence among populations --
11.6. Quantitative genetics and conservation --
Guest Box 11 David W. Coltman, Response to trophy hunting in bighorn sheep --
12. Mutation --
12.1. Process of mutation --
12.2. Selectively neutral mutations --
12.3. Harmful mutations --
12.4. Advantageous mutations --
12.5. Recovery from a bottleneck --
Guest Box 12 Michael W. Nachman, Color evolution via different mutations in pocket mice --
pt. III GENETICS AND CONSERVATION --
13. Inbreeding depression --
13.1. Pedigree analysis --
13.2. Gene drop analysis --
13.3. Estimation of F with molecular markers --
13.4. Causes of inbreeding depression --
13.5. Measurement of inbreeding depression --
13.6. Genetic load and purging --
13.7. Inbreeding and conservation --
Guest Box 13 Lukas F. Keller, Inbreeding depression in song sparrows --
14. Demography and extinction --
14.1. Estimation of census population Size --
14.2. Inbreeding depression and extinction Note continued: 14.3. Population viability analysis --
14.4. Loss of phenotypic variation --
14.5. Loss of evolutionary potential --
14.6. Mitochondrial DNA --
14.7. Mutational meltdown --
14.8. Long-term persistence --
14.9. 50/500 rule --
Guest Box 14 A. G. Young, M. Pickup, and B. G. Murray, Management implications of loss of genetic diversity at the self-incompatibility locus for the button wrinklewort --
15. Metapopulations and fragmentation --
15.1. metapopulation concept --
15.2. Genetic variation in metapopulations --
15.3. Effective population size of metapopulations --
15.4. Population divergence and connectivity --
15.5. Genetic rescue --
15.6. Landscape genetics --
15.7. Long-term population viability --
Guest Box 15 Robert C. Vrijenhoek, Fitness loss and genetic rescue in stream-dwelling topminnows --
16. Units of conservation --
16.1. What should we protect --
16.2. Systematics and taxonomy --
16.3. Phylogeny reconstruction --
16.4. Genetic relationships within species --
16.5. Units of conservation --
16.6. Integrating genetic, phenotypic, and environmental information --
16.7. Communities --
Guest Box 16 David J. Coates, Identifying units of conservation in a rich and fragmented flora --
17. Hybridization --
17.1. Natural hybridization --
17.2. Anthropogenic hybridization --
17.3. Fitness consequences of hybridization --
17.4. Detecting and describing hybridization --
17.5. Hybridization and conservation --
Guest Box 17 Loren H. Rieseberg, Hybridization and the conservation of plants --
18. Exploited populations --
18.1. Loss of genetic variation --
18.2. Unnatural selection --
18.3. Spatial structure --
18.4. Effects of releases --
18.5. Management and recovery of exploited populations Note continued: Guest Box 18 Guorun Marteinsdottir, Long-term genetic changes in the Icelandic stock of Atlantic cod in response to harvesting --
19. Conservation breeding and restoration --
19.1. role of conservation breeding --
19.2. Reproductive technologies and genome banking --
19.3. Founding populations for conservation breeding programs --
19.4. Genetic drift in captive populations --
19.5. Natural selection and adaptation to captivity --
19.6. Genetic management of conservation breeding programs --
19.7. Supportive breeding --
19.8. Reintroductions and translocations --
Guest Box 19 Robert C. Lacy, Understanding inbreeding depression: 25 years of experiments with Peromyscus mice --
20. Invasive species --
20.1. Why are invasive species so successful? --
20.2. Genetic analysis of introduced species --
20.3. Establishment and spread of invasive species --
20.4. Hybridization as a stimulus for invasiveness --
20.5. Eradication, management, and control --
20.6. Emerging diseases and parasites --
Guest Box 20 Richard Shine, Rapid evolution of introduced cane toads and native snakes --
21. Climate change --
21.1. Predictions and uncertainty about future climates --
21.2. Phenotypic plasticity --
21.3. Maternal effects and epigenetics --
21.4. Adaptation --
21.5. Species range shifts --
21.6. Extirpation and extinction --
21.7. Management in the face of climate change --
Guest Box 21 S. J. Franks, Rapid evolution of flowering time by an annual plant in response to climate fluctuation --
22. Genetic identification and monitoring --
22.1. Species identification --
22.2. Metagenomics and species composition --
22.3. Individual identification --
22.4. Parentage and relatedness --
22.5. Population assignment and composition analysis --
22.6. Genetic monitoring Note continued: Guest Box 22 C. Scott Baker, Genetic detection of illegal trade of whale meat results in closure of restaurants --
Appendix: Probability and statistics --
A1. Paradigms --
A2. Probability --
A3. Statistical measures and distributions --
A4. Frequentist hypothesis testing, statistical errors, and power --
A5. Maximum likelihood --
A6. Bayesian approaches and MCMC (Markov Chain Monte Carlo) --
A7. Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) --
A8. Parameter estimation, accuracy, and precision --
A9. Performance testing --
A10. coalescent and genealogical Information --
Guest Box A James F. Crow, Is mathematics necessary?.
Responsibility: Fred W. Allendorf, Gordon Luikart, Sally N. Aitken ; with illustrations by Agostinho Antunes.

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Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates and above. (Choice, 1 October 2013)

 
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