Cooperative species : human reciprocity and its evolution (Book, 2013) []
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Cooperative species : human reciprocity and its evolution

Cooperative species : human reciprocity and its evolution

Author: Samuel Bowles; Herbert Gintis
Publisher: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd printing, and 1st paperback printingView all editions and formats

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Samuel Bowles; Herbert Gintis
ISBN: 0691158169 9780691158167
OCLC Number: 946586559
Notes: Publié originalement: 2011.
Description: xii, 262 p. : ill., carte ; 26 cm
Contents: A cooperative species --
The evolution of altruism in humans. Preferences, beliefs, and constraints ; Social preferences and social dilemmas ; Genes, culture, groups, and institutions --
Social preferences. Strong reciprocity is common ; Free-riders undermine cooperation ; Altruistic punishment sustains cooperation ; Effective punishment depends on legitimacy ; Purely symbolic punishment is effective ; People punish those who hurt others ; Social preferences are not irrational ; Culture and institutions matter ; Behavior is conditioned on group membership ; People enjoy cooperating and punishing free-riders ; Social preferences in laboratory and natural settings ; Competing explanations --
The sociobiology of human cooperation. Inclusive fitness and human cooperation ; Modeling multi-level selection ; Equilibrium selection ; Reciprocal altruism ; Reciprocal altruism in large groups ; Reputation : indirect reciprocity ; Altruism as a signal of quality ; Positive assortment ; Mechanisms and motives --
Cooperative Homo economicus. Folk theorems and evolutionary dynamics ; The folk theorem with imperfect public information ; The folk theorem with private information ; Evolutionarily irrelevant equilibria ; Social norms and correlated equilibria ; The missing choreographer --
Ancestral human society. Cosmopolitan ancestors ; Genetic evidence ; Prehistoric warfare ; The foundations of social order ; The crucible of cooperation --
The coevolution of institutions and behaviors. Selective extinction ; Reproductive leveling ; Genetic differentiation between groups ; Deme extinction and the evolution of altruism ; The Australian laboratory ; The coevolution of institutions and altruism ; Simulating gene-culture coevolution ; Levelers and warriors --
Parochialism, altruism, and war. Parochial altruism and war ; The emergence of parochial altruism and war ; Simulated and experimental parochial altruism ; The legacy of a past "red in tooth and claw" --
The evolution of strong reciprocity. Coordinated punishment ; Altruistic punishment in a realistic demography ; The emergence of strong reciprocity ; Why coordinated punishment succeeds ; A decentralized social order --
Socialization. Cultural transmission ; Socialization and the survival of fitness-reducing norms ; Genes, culture, and the internalization of norms ; The internalized norm as hitchhiker ; The gene-culture coevolution of a fitness-reducing norm ; How can internalized norms be altruistic? ; The programmable brain --
Social emotions. Reciprocity, shame, and punishment ; The evolution of social emotions ; The "great captains of our lives" --
Human cooperation and its evolution. The origins of human cooperation ; The future of cooperation --
Appendixes. Altruism defined ; Agent-based models ; Game theory ; Dynamical systems ; The replicator dynamic ; Continuation probability and time discount factor ; Alternatives to the standing model ; The prisoner's dilemma with public and private signals ; Student and nonstudent experimental subjects ; The price equation ; Weak multi-level selection ; Cooperation andpunishment with quorum sensing.
Responsibility: SamuelBowles and Herbert Gintis.


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"The achievement of Bowles and Gintis is to have put together from the many disparate sources of evidence a story as plausible as any we're likely to get in the present state of behavioural sciences Read more...

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