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Creating Black Americans : African-American history and its meanings, 1619 to the present Preview this item
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Creating Black Americans : African-American history and its meanings, 1619 to the present

Author: Nell Irvin Painter
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, 2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
"Here is an account of a past rich in beauty and creativity, but also in tragedy and trauma. Historian Nell Irvin Painter blends a vivid narrative based on the latest research with a wonderful array of artwork by African-American artists, works which add a new depth to our understanding of black history." "Painter offers a history written for a new generation of African Americans, stretching from life in Africa  Read more...

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Genre/Form: History
Pictorial works
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Painter, Nell Irvin.
Creating Black Americans.
New York : Oxford University Press, 2007
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Nell Irvin Painter
ISBN: 0195137566 9780195137569 0195137558 9780195137552
OCLC Number: 71124862
Description: xxii, 474 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. Africa and Black Americans. "African" Americans and Africa ; Ethiopianism : ancient Egypt + Cush + Ethiopia = the Negro race ; Absent Africa ; Black scholars in an African Diasporic framework ; Black nationalism and the new Negro movement ; The call for racial art ; Textbook recognition of African history ; Ghana ; Mali ; Songhay ; African-American artists encounter independent Africa ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
2. Captives transported, 1619-ca. 1850. 1619 and two early slave-trade narratives ; The founders of Black America ; The Atlantic slave trade ; The scale of the forced migration ; Three stages of the journey ; Artists represent the Atlantic slave trade ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
3. A diasporic people, 1630-ca. 1850. Religion in the African Diaspora ; Dimensions of African-American religion ; Christian themes in Black art ; Spirituals ; Language and literature in the African Diaspora ; Ethnic and racial identities ; Africans and Indians ; Africans and Europeans ; "Mulatto population" ; Minority status ; The Black population lived throughout North America ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions. 4. Those who were free, ca. 1770-1859. American and Haitian revolutions ; Black soldiers in the American Revolution ; Petitioning for emancipation and civil rights ; The Haitian Revolution ; Free people in the United States ; Free Black people at work ; Education and voluntary associations ; Protest in word and deed ; Black abolitionists ; The reach of slavery lengths ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
5. Those who were enslaved, ca. 1770-1859. The enslaved lay the foundations of the American economy ; Enslaved laborers ; The domestic slave trade ; Slavery : a dehumanizing institution ; Physical trauma ; Psychological trauma ; What slavery cost slaves ; The value system that slaves took from slavery ; Family and religion as protection against dehumanization ; Undermining slavery ; Conspiracies and insurrections ; Running away ; The underground railroad ; Harriet Tubman, Moses of her people ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions. 6. Civil War and emancipation, 1859-1865. Sectional tensions leading to war ; A war about union, not about slavery ; Rebuff of Black volunteers ; Fugitive slaves as "contraband of war" ; Pressure to enlist Blacks ; Emancipation and colonization ; The war against slavery ; The Emancipation Proclamations ; Black regiments in the Union Army ; Summer 1863 : the turning point ; Struggles over officers and equal pay ; African Americans in the war effort ; Two hundred thousand Black soldiers and sailors ; Spies, scouts, guides, and nurses ; Memorializing African Americans in the Civil War ; Slavery destroyed ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
7. The larger Reconstruction, 1864-1896. Making freedom real ; Reuniting families and finding work ; Land ownership : forty acres and a mule ; Education for freedpeople ; Freedpeople's churches ; Voting and holding office ; The destruction of democracy ; White supremacist violence ; Exodus to Kansas of 1879 ; Undermining of Black civil rights by the Supreme Court ; African Americans and Indians ; What Reconstruction did ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions. 8. Hard-working people in the depths of segregation, 1896-ca. 1919. Struggle, survival, and success ; Hard-working people ; Sharecropping, debt, and prison ; Educational gains ; Black professionals ; The golden age of Black business ; Black towns and churches : havens from racist oppression ; New Black music ; Black athletes ; Countering antiblack stereotypes ; White supremacy : an attempt to halt Black success ; White supremacy : disfranchisement ; White supremacy : segregation ; Lynching and antilynching campaigns ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
9. The new Negro, 1915-1932. The great migration ; The First World War : struggle on two fronts ; Black military bands introduce jazz ; Antiblack riots and the Red Summer of 1919 ; The new Negroes' initiatives ; The Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) ; The Harlem Renaissance ; Music of the Harlem Renaissance ; Literature of the Harlem Renaissance ; Scholarship of the Harlem Renaissance ; Art of the Harlem Renaissance ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions. 10. Radicals and democrats, 1930-1940. The Depression crisis ; Catastrophic Black unemployment ; The New Deal and political realignment ; The Scottsboro cases and protests against lynching ; "Don't buy where you can't work" boycotts and self-help campaigns ; The New Deal ; New Deal goals and programs ; The Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Black artists ; African Americans confront New Deal racism ; The "Black cabinet" ; Black activism increases in depth and range ; African Americans rally to support Ethiopia ; Black heroes of the Depression years ; Fighting racial oppression in the courts ; Campaigns for civil rights and workers' rights in the South ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
11. The Second World War and the promise of internationalism, 1940-1948. Struggles at home and abroad ; Familiar issues ; The "Double Vee" strategy and the FEPC ; Black men and women in the Second World War ; Black flyers disprove stereotypes and win medals ; The battle for civil rights in the South ; "No such thing as the status quo" ; The invention of bebop ; Broadened horizons, increased opportunities ; The promise of the United Nations ; Post-war confrontations in the South over citizenship rights ; The Truman administration and the Progressive party embrace Black civil rights ; Migration and increased incomes : long-term changes wrought by war ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions. 12. Cold War civil rights, 1948-1960. Human rights in a Cold War context ; Anti-communism eclipses internationalism ; Brown v. Board of Education and Cold War politics ; Southern "massive resistance" to legal desegregation ; New segregation : the growth of all-white suburbs ; Activism and anger ; The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955-1956 ; Desegregation of Little Rock, Arkansas, Central High School ; Unremitting antiblack violence stirs bitterness and anger ; The Nation of Islam grows ; African-American visibility in the mainstream culture ; Black intellectuals speak to America and are heard ; The growing popularity of African-American music ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
13. Protest makes a civil rights revolution, 1960-1967. The early 60s : action direct and indirect ; Student movements of the early 1960s ; The protests of 1963, the one hundredth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation ; Freedom Summer, Mississippi, 1964 ; Malcolm X's evolution from the NOI to Pan-Africanism, 1964-1965 ; Mid-1960s legislation and opposition ; The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Great Society ; The Vietnam War consumes the Great Society's resources ; Urban revolts of the mid-1960s ; Background causes of the riots ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions. 14. Black Power, 1966-1980. The emergence of Black Power ; Black Power as self-definition and self-defense ; The Black Panther Party ; Cultural nationalism : emphasis on African roots ; Black Power after 1968 ; Assassination and aftermath ; Angry reaction in Vietnam ; Black Power workers, artists, feminists, and intellectuals ; Black Power lives on ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions ; 15. Authenticity and diversity in the era of hip-hop, 1980-2005 ; Racial politics and economics after Black Power : increased diversity ; Affirmative action : controversial and effective ; Black conservatives gain prominence ; Black democrats : more numerous, more influential ; Black voters disfranchised in the 2000 presidential election ; The reparations movement ; Reclaiming Black history ; Afrocentrism provokes controversy ; African Americans remake American culture ; Hip-hop culture presents a new vision of the inner city ; Opportunity in the military, opposition to war ; Conclusion ; Timeline ; Review questions ; Discussion questions --
Epilogue : A snapshot of African Americans in the early twenty-first century. The Black middle class ; Family structure influences class ; Wealth : a sound measure of financial well-bing ; African Americans at the extremes of wealth and poverty ; The crisis of drugs and incarceration ; The war on drugs sends hundreds of thousands of African Americans to prison ; Poor health : a chronic problem for African American ; Racial and ethnic diversity of African Americans ; African Americans are people of the city ; Review questions ; Discussion questions.
Responsibility: Nell Irvin Painter.
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Provides an overview of African-American history, outlining the significant events from pre-slavery times, connected through a central motif of art. This work examines the Civil War, revealing that  Read more...


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Nell Irvin Painter's Creating Black Americans is destined to become one of the most beautiful history textbooks in recent memory, with roughly 150 creative representations of the African-American Read more...

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