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Critical Temperatures for the Thermal Explosion of Chemicals.

Author: Takashi Kotoyori
Publisher: Burlington : Elsevier Science, 2011.
Series: Industrial safety series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The value of the critical temperature (Tc), below which the thermal explosion of a chemical cannot occur, is indispensable to prevent such a chemical from exploding. In order to determine the Tc it has so far been necessary to measure the value in explosion experiments. Because of the inherent hazards, only few Tc values are available at present. Critical Temperatures for the Thermal Explosion of Chemicals  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Takashi Kotoyori
ISBN: 0444521194 9780444521194 1280631171 9781280631177 9780080461397 0080461395
OCLC Number: 990411185
Language Note: English.
Notes: Comparison of the values of U calculated each for the three kinds.
Description: 1 online resource (407 pages).
Contents: Cover; Table of contents; Notation; An approach to the thermal explosion theory; The basic concept of the thermal explosion theory; Derivation of the Semenov equation; Derivation of the Frank-Kamenetskii equation; The balance, which is contained in both the Semenov and the F-Kequation, between the rate of heat generation and the rate of heat transfer; The relationship holding among Se, Sc and the Biot number; A brief history of the thermal explosion research; The adiabatic temperature increase equation; Introduction. An equation holding between the rate of heat generation per unitvolume per unit time in the early stages of the self-heating process of asmall-scale chemicalValidity of the substitution of the two coefficients, a and b, of Eq. (44) into the F-K equation as well as the Semenov equation; Derivation of the adiabatic temperature increase equation; An alternative method to derive the adiabatic temperature increase equation; Frank-Kamenetskii's adiabatic induction period, rad; Validity of the linear approximation of the self-heating process or curve, in the early stages. A classification of self-heating chemicalsA broad classification of self-heating chemicals into the two largegroups, i.e., the TD type and the AC type; Derivation of an empirical formula, In A t = alT, + b; Powdery chemicals of the quasi-AC type; Correlation among the pattern of the TG-DTA curve of a self-heating powdery; The difference between the concept of the Tc and that of the; An adiabatic self-heating process recorder; Introduction; Structure and performance of the air bath of the adiabatic; Development of the glass closed cell; Characteristics of the glass closed cell. Detailed procedure to perform the adiabatic self-heating test, Preheating of the air bath of the adiabatic self-heating; Procedure to prepare the reference cell assembly including; Insertion of the reference cell assembly into the adiabatic; Curves drawn by the Tpen and the A 7 ^ p e n on the strip chart; Determination of the exact value of Ts of the run; Insertion of the sample cell assembly into the adiabatic; Record of the self-heating process, in the early stages, of 2 cm3; Some reasons why a value of A T of 1.25 K was chosen as. Detailed procedure to perform the adiabatic self-heating test, Some problems accompanied with the adiabatic self-heating; Procedure to calculate the values of the two coefficients, a and b, ; Procedure to calculate the Tc for an arbitrary volume; Introduction; The reason why the Semenov equation is applicable to; Derivation of equations; Procedure to perform several adiabatic self-heating tests; Individual procedures to measure the four heat transfer data; Concrete procedure to calculate the value of the BAM test for; Results and discussion.
Series Title: Industrial safety series.
Other Titles: Industrial Safety Series

Abstract:

The value of the critical temperature (Tc), below which the thermal explosion of a chemical cannot occur, is indispensable to prevent such a chemical from exploding. In order to determine the Tc it has so far been necessary to measure the value in explosion experiments. Because of the inherent hazards, only few Tc values are available at present. Critical Temperatures for the Thermal Explosion of Chemicals introduces new and simple procedures to calculate the Tc. As a result Tc can be calculated for a range of chemicals, man.

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