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Cross dressing, sex, and gender

Author: Vern L Bullough; Bonnie Bullough
Publisher: Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, ©1993.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In any society, the perception of femininity and masculinity is not necessarily dependent on female or male genitalia. Cross dressing, gender impersonation, and long-term masquerades of the opposite sex are commonplace throughout history. In contemporary American culture the behavior occurs most often among male heterosexuals and homosexuals, sometimes for erotic pleasure, sometimes not. In the past, however, cross  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Bullough, Vern L.
Cross dressing, sex, and gender.
Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, ©1993
(OCoLC)651903519
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Vern L Bullough; Bonnie Bullough
ISBN: 0812231635 9780812231632 0812214315 9780812214314
OCLC Number: 26586208
Description: xi, 382 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: pt. I. Cultural and Historical Background. 1. Cross Dressing in Perspective. 2. Mythology and History in the Ancient World. 3. Cross Dressing and Social Status in the Middle Ages. 4. Playing with Gender: Cross Dressing in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. 5. Cross-Dressing Women and Men. 6. Challenges to the Hierarchy. 7. Women and Cross Dressing in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. 8. Men, Gender Concepts, and Transvestism in the Nineteenth Century --
pt. II. Modern Perspectives. 9. The Development of the Medical Model. 10. Drag Queens and Cross Dressing on the Stage. 11. Transsexualism. 12. The Emergence of Organized Transvestism and Its Implications. 13. Current Explanations of Cross Dressing. 14. What To Do About Cross Dressing.
Responsibility: Vern L. Bullough and Bonnie Bullough.

Abstract:

Not only surveys cross dressing and gender impersonation throughout history and in a variety of cultures but examines the medical, biological, psychological, and sociological findings that have been  Read more...

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"For all scholars of psychology and sexuality, as well as the literate general public, historian Vern Bullough and nurse Bonnie Bullough have done an invaluable service in providing an overview of Read more...

 
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   schema:description "In any society, the perception of femininity and masculinity is not necessarily dependent on female or male genitalia. Cross dressing, gender impersonation, and long-term masquerades of the opposite sex are commonplace throughout history. In contemporary American culture the behavior occurs most often among male heterosexuals and homosexuals, sometimes for erotic pleasure, sometimes not. In the past, however, cross dressing was for the most part practiced more by women than men. Although males often burlesqued women and gave comic impersonations of them, they rarely attempted a change of public gender until the twentieth century. This phenomenon, according to Vern L. Bullough and Bonnie Bullough, has implications for any understanding of the changing relationships between the sexes in the twentieth century. In most Western societies, being a man and demonstrating masculinity is more highly prized than being a woman and displaying femininity. Some non-Western societies, however, are more tolerant and even encourage men to behave like women and women to act like men. Cross Dressing, Sex, and Gender not only surveys cross dressing and gender impersonation throughout history and in a variety of cultures, but also examines the medical, biological, psychological, and sociological findings that have been presented in the modern scientific literature. This volume offers the results of the authors' research into contemporary gender issues and the search for explanations. After examining the various current theories regarding cross dressing and gender impersonation, the Bulloughs offer their own theory. This book, destined to become a classic in its field, is the culmination of thirty years of research by the Bulloughs into gender impersonation and cross dressing. Their groundbreaking findings will be of interest to anyone involved in the debate over nature versus nurture, and have implications not only for scholars in the various social sciences and sex and gender studies, but for educators, nurses, physicians, feminist, gays, lesbians, and general readers. This work will be of more personal interest to anyone who identifies as a transvestite or transsexual or who has been classified by medical and psychiatric professionals as suffering from gender dysphoria. Cross Dressing, Sex, and Gender covers a wide range of cultures and periods. As the first comprehensive attempt to examine the phenomenon of cross dressing, it will be of interest to students and scholars of social history, sociology, nursing, and women's studies."@en ;
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