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The culture of sectarianism : community, history, and violence in nineteenth-century Ottoman Lebanon Preview this item
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The culture of sectarianism : community, history, and violence in nineteenth-century Ottoman Lebanon

Author: Ussama Samir Makdisi
Publisher: Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press, ©2000.
Edition/Format:   Print book : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Focusing on Ottoman Lebanon, Ussama Makdisi shows how sectarianism was a manifestation of modernity that transcended the physical boundaries of a particular country. His study challenges those who have viewed sectarian violence as an Islamic response to westernization or simply as a product of social and economic inequities among religious groups. The religious violence of the nineteenth century, which culminated in  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Ussama Samir Makdisi
ISBN: 0520218450 9780520218451 0520218469 9780520218468
OCLC Number: 42397980
Description: xv, 259 pages : 5 maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Religion as the site of the colonial encounter --
The gentle crusade --
Knowledge and ignorance --
The faces of reform --
Reinventing Mount Lebanon --
The return of juhhal --
The devil's work --
"A very old thing."
Responsibility: Ussama Makdisi.
More information:

Abstract:

Focusing on Ottoman Lebanon, this study shows how sectarianism was a manifestation of modernity that transcended the physical boundaries of a particular country. It challenges the view that sectarian  Read more...

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""The Culture of Sectarianism is a nuanced critique of historical reductionism, scapegoats, and easy, simple explanations."--"Daily Star of Lebanon

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/42397980<\/a>> # The culture of sectarianism : community, history, and violence in nineteenth-century Ottoman Lebanon<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"42397980<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/cau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/berkeley_calif<\/a>> ; # Berkeley, Calif.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"Unknown \'gen\' value: sgp<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Event\/1800_1899<\/a>> ; # 1800-1899<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/15_75_history_of_asia<\/a>> ; # 15.75 history of Asia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/geweld<\/a>> ; # Geweld<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/turkey<\/a>> ; # Turkey.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/elite_sciences_sociales_liban_histoire_19e_siecle<\/a>> ; # \u00C9lite (Sciences sociales)--Liban--Histoire--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion_and_politics<\/a>> ; # Religion and politics<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/libanon<\/a>> ; # Libanon<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion<\/a>> ; # Religion<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/sektarisme<\/a>> ; # Sektarisme<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion_et_politique_liban_histoire_19e_siecle<\/a>> ; # Religion et politique--Liban--Histoire--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religioser_konflikt<\/a>> ; # Religi\u00F6ser Konflikt<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/geschichte_1800_1900<\/a>> ; # Geschichte 1800-1900<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/politik<\/a>> ; # Politik<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/liban<\/a>> ; # Liban<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/lebanon<\/a>> ; # Lebanon.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/elite_social_sciences_lebanon_history_19th_century<\/a>> ; # Elite (Social sciences)--Lebanon--History--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/politics_and_government<\/a>> ; # Politics and government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/turquie<\/a>> ; # Turquie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/elite_social_sciences<\/a>> ; # Elite (Social sciences)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion_and_politics_lebanon_history_19th_century<\/a>> ; # Religion and politics--Lebanon--History--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/956.92034\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"2000<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/49513165<\/a>> ; # Ussama Samir Makdisi<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2000<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Religion as the site of the colonial encounter -- The gentle crusade -- Knowledge and ignorance -- The faces of reform -- Reinventing Mount Lebanon -- The return of juhhal -- The devil\'s work -- \"A very old thing.\"<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Focusing on Ottoman Lebanon, Ussama Makdisi shows how sectarianism was a manifestation of modernity that transcended the physical boundaries of a particular country. His study challenges those who have viewed sectarian violence as an Islamic response to westernization or simply as a product of social and economic inequities among religious groups. The religious violence of the nineteenth century, which culminated in sectarian mobilizations and massacres in 1860, was a complex, multilayered, subaltern expression of modernization, he says, not a primordial reaction to it. Makdisi argues that sectarianism represented a deliberate mobilization of religious identities for political and social purposes. The Ottoman reform movement launched in 1839 and the growing European presence in the Middle East contributed to the disintegration of the traditional Lebanese social order based on a hierarchy that bridged religious differences. Makdisi highlights how European colonialism and Orientalism, with their emphasis on Christian salvation and Islamic despotism, and Ottoman and local nationalisms each created and used narratives of sectarianism as foils to their own visions of modernity and to their own projects of colonial, imperial, and national development. Makdisi\'s book is important to our understanding of Lebanese society today, but it also makes a significant contribution to the discussion of the importance of religious discourse in the formation and dissolution of social and national identities in the modern world.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/1023861<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Government publication<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"The culture of sectarianism : community, history, and violence in nineteenth-century Ottoman Lebanon<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"42397980<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/42397980#PublicationEvent\/berkeley_calif_university_of_california_press_2000<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Agent\/university_of_california_press<\/a>> ; # University of California Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/ark.cdlib.org\/ark:\/13030\/ft2r29n8jr<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991\/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&local_base=BVB01&doc_number=008883928&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991\/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&doc_number=008883928&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780520218451<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780520218468<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBA221761<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/42397980<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/956.92034\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Agent\/university_of_california_press<\/a>> # University of California Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"University of California Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Event\/1800_1899<\/a>> # 1800-1899<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1800-1899<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/berkeley_calif<\/a>> # Berkeley, Calif.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Berkeley, Calif.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/lebanon<\/a>> # Lebanon.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Lebanon.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Lebanon<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/liban<\/a>> # Liban<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Liban<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/libanon<\/a>> # Libanon<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Libanon<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/turkey<\/a>> # Turkey.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Turkey.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Turkey<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/turquie<\/a>> # Turquie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Turquie<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/15_75_history_of_asia<\/a>> # 15.75 history of Asia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"15.75 history of Asia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/elite_sciences_sociales_liban_histoire_19e_siecle<\/a>> # \u00C9lite (Sciences sociales)--Liban--Histoire--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"\u00C9lite (Sciences sociales)--Liban--Histoire--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/elite_social_sciences<\/a>> # Elite (Social sciences)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Elite (Social sciences)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/elite_social_sciences_lebanon_history_19th_century<\/a>> # Elite (Social sciences)--Lebanon--History--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85042580<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Elite (Social sciences)--Lebanon--History--19th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/geschichte_1800_1900<\/a>> # Geschichte 1800-1900<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte 1800-1900<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/geweld<\/a>> # Geweld<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geweld<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/politics_and_government<\/a>> # Politics and government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Politics and government<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/politik<\/a>> # Politik<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Politik<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion<\/a>> # Religion<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Religion<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion_and_politics<\/a>> # Religion and politics<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Religion and politics<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion_and_politics_lebanon_history_19th_century<\/a>> # Religion and politics--Lebanon--History--19th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2010110656<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Religion and politics--Lebanon--History--19th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religion_et_politique_liban_histoire_19e_siecle<\/a>> # Religion et politique--Liban--Histoire--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Religion et politique--Liban--Histoire--19e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/religioser_konflikt<\/a>> # Religi\u00F6ser Konflikt<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Religi\u00F6ser Konflikt<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Topic\/sektarisme<\/a>> # Sektarisme<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Sektarisme<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/cau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"cau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/49513165<\/a>> # Ussama Samir Makdisi<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1968<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Makdisi<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Ussama Samir<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ussama Samir Makdisi<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780520218451<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0520218450<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780520218451<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780520218468<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0520218469<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780520218468<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/42397980<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/42397980<\/a>> ; # The culture of sectarianism : community, history, and violence in nineteenth-century Ottoman Lebanon<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-07-16<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/42397980#PublicationEvent\/berkeley_calif_university_of_california_press_2000<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Place\/berkeley_calif<\/a>> ; # Berkeley, Calif.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/1023861#Agent\/university_of_california_press<\/a>> ; # University of California Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n