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Cybernetics : the Macy Conferences 1946-1953 : transactions

Author: Claus Pias
Publisher: Zurich : Diaphanes, [2016] ©2016
Series: Qu (Zurich, Switzerland)
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : Conference publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Between 1946 and 1953, the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation sponsored a series of conferences aiming to bring together a diverse, interdisciplinary community of scholars and researchers who would join forces to lay the groundwork for thenew science of cybernetics. These conferences, known as the Macy Conferences, constituted a landmark for the field. They were the first to grapple with new terms such as information and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Conference papers and proceedings
Congresses
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Cybernetics. Circular causal and feed back mechanisms in biological and social systems (Conference).
Cybernetics.
Zurich ; Berlin : Diaphanes, [2016]
(OCoLC)919483043
Material Type: Conference publication, Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Claus Pias
ISBN: 9783037346075 3037346078
OCLC Number: 945975579
Notes: Contains reproductions of the transcripts of the 6th through 10th conferences, held 1949-1953 and originally published 1950-1955
The original publications were edited by Heinz von Foerster.
Description: 1 online resource (734 pages) : illustrations .
Contents: Cover; Contents; Editorial Note; The Age of Cybernetics / Claus Pias; 1949; Participants; Introductory Discussion; The Psychological Moment in Perception / John Stroud; The Neurotic Potential and Human Adaptation / Lawrence S. Kubie; Quantum Mechanical Theory of Memory / Heinz von Foerster; Possible Mechanisms of Recall and Recognition; Sensory Prosthesises / Norbert Wiener; References ; 1950; Participants; Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program / Frank Fremont-Smith; Introductory Remarks / Warren S. McCulloch Some of the Problems Concerning Digital Notions in the Central Nervous System / Ralph W. GerardThe Manner in Which and Extent to Which Speech Can Be Distorted and Remain Intelligible / J. C. R. Licklider; The Redundancy of English / Claude E. Shannon; Experience in Learning Primitive Languages Through the Use of Learning High Level Linguistic Abstractions / Margaret Mead; On the Development of Word Meanings / Heinz Werner; The Development of Language in Early Childhood / John Stroud; The Relationship of Symbolic Function in Language Formation and in Neurosis / Lawrence S. Kubie Appendix I: Body Symbolization and Development of Language / Lawrence S. KubieAppendix II: References; 1951; Participants; Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program; A Note by the Editors; Communication Patterns in Problem-Solving Groups / Alex Bavelas; Communication Between Men: The Meaning of Language / Ivor A. Richards; Communication Between Sane and Insane: Hypnosis / Lawrence S. Kubie; Communication Between Animals / Herbert G. Birch; Presentation of a Maze-Solving Machine / Claude Shannon; In Search of Basic Symbols / Donald M. Mac Kay Appendix I: The Nomenclature of Information Theory / Donald M. Mac KayExplanatory Glossary; Alphabetical Index of Terms Used in Information Theory and Related Communication Theory; Appendix II: References; 1952; Participants; Josiah Macy, Jr. FoundationConference Program; A Note by the Editors; The Position of Humor in Human Communication / Gregory Bateson; The Place of Emotions in the Feedback Concept / Lawrence S. Kubie; Homeostasis / W. Ross Ashby; Discrimination and Learning in Octopus / J. Z. Young; Reduction of the Number of Possible Boolean Functions / John R. Bowman Central Excitation and Inhibition / Ralph W. GerardMechanical Chess Player / W. Ross Ashby; Turbulence as Random Stimulation of Sense Organs / G. Evelyn Hutchinson; Investigations on Synaptic Transmission / Walter Pitts; Feedback Mechanism in Cellular Biology / Henry Quastler; Appendix I: References; 1953; Participants; Foreword; The Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program; Introductory Remarks / Warren S. Mc Culloch; Studies on Activity of the Brain / W. Grey-Walter; Semantic Information and its Measures / Yehoshua Bar-Hillel; Meaning in Language and How it is Acquired / Yuen Ren Chao
Series Title: Qu (Zurich, Switzerland)
Other Titles: Macy Conferences 1949-1953 : the complete transactions
Responsibility: edited by Claus Pias.

Abstract:

"Between 1946 and 1953, the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation sponsored a series of conferences aiming to bring together a diverse, interdisciplinary community of scholars and researchers who would join forces to lay the groundwork for thenew science of cybernetics. These conferences, known as the Macy Conferences, constituted a landmark for the field. They were the first to grapple with new terms such as information and feedback and to develop a cohesive and broadly applicable theory of systems that would become equally applicable to living beings and machines, economic and cognitive processes, and many scholarly disciplines. The concepts that emerged from the conferences come to permeate thinking in many fields including biology, neurology, sociology, ecology, economics, politics, psychoanalysis, linguistics, and computer science. This book contains the complete transcripts of all ten Macy Conferences and the guidelines for the conference proceedings. These transcripts are supplemented with an introduction by Claus Pias that charts the significance of the Macy conferences to the history of science"--Back cover.

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