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De la culture en Amérique : politique publique, philanthropie privée et intérêt général dans le système culturel américain

Author: Frédéric Martel; Pierre Rosanvallon; École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Paris),; Centre d'études sociologiques et politiques Raymond Aron (Paris),
Publisher: [S.l.] : [s.n.], 2006.
Dissertation: Thèse de doctorat: Sociologie: Paris, EHESS: 2006.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : FrenchView all editions and formats
Summary:
Pour analyser la complexité du système culturel américain, cette recherche part du rôle de l'Etat (1ère partie "Politique de la culture") qui suit la création des agences culturelles fédérales, leur déclin et décrypte les " politiques de la culture " des administrations américaines jusqu'à aujourd'hui. Parallèlement, le rôle des États et des villes est analysé à travers les mécanismes
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Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Frédéric Martel; Pierre Rosanvallon; École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Paris),; Centre d'études sociologiques et politiques Raymond Aron (Paris),
OCLC Number: 834850123
Description: 3 vol. (1616 f., annexes non paginées) : ill. ; 30 cm
Responsibility: Frédéric Martel ; sous la direction de Pierre Rosanvallon.

Abstract:

Pour analyser la complexité du système culturel américain, cette recherche part du rôle de l'Etat (1ère partie "Politique de la culture") qui suit la création des agences culturelles fédérales, leur déclin et décrypte les " politiques de la culture " des administrations américaines jusqu'à aujourd'hui. Parallèlement, le rôle des États et des villes est analysé à travers les mécanismes décentralisés du financement de la culture. A ce point, il est possible de saisir les raisons de la faiblesse du rôle public. Dans une deuxième partie ("La société de la culture"), la recherche se fonde sur une analyse de la philanthropie, des fondations et du rôle majeur des universités dans l'art. A partir de centaines de documents d'archives (dont 434 en annexes) et de plus de 700 interviews réalisés dans 35 Etats et 110 villes américaines, le " modèle " culturel américain apparaît dans son originalité et sa complexité, ni dépendant de l'Etat, ni véritablement influencé par le marché.

In order to analyze the complexity of the " American cultural system ", this PhD dissertation begins in Part I ("Government of the arts") with the role of the government following the creation of the federal arts agencies, examines the decline of these agencies, and deciphers the "cultural politics" ("politiques de la culture") of subsequent American administrations to the present day. At the same time, the role of state and local governments is analyzed within the context of the decentralized mechanisms of arts funding. By this point, the limited role of the public sector becomes more comprehensible, for reasons that include the democratic ideal itself. In Part II ("Society and the arts"), this dissertation looks at philanthropy, foundations and the important role of universities play in the arts. Through hundreds of archival documents (among 434 as appendices) and more than seven hundred interviews in 35 states and 110 American cities, the American cultural "model" appears in all its singularity and complexity, largely "nonprofit", neither dependent on the state, nor truly influenced by the market.

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At the same time, the role of state and local governments is analyzed within the context of the decentralized mechanisms of arts funding. By this point, the limited role of the public sector becomes more comprehensible, for reasons that include the democratic ideal itself. In Part II (\"Society and the arts\"), this dissertation looks at philanthropy, foundations and the important role of universities play in the arts. 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A ce point, il est possible de saisir les raisons de la faiblesse du r\u00F4le public. Dans une deuxi\u00E8me partie (\"La soci\u00E9t\u00E9 de la culture\"), la recherche se fonde sur une analyse de la philanthropie, des fondations et du r\u00F4le majeur des universit\u00E9s dans l\'art. 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