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Deconstructing ergativity : two types of ergative languages and their features

Author: Maria Polinsky
Publisher: New York, NY Oxford University Press 2016.
Series: Oxford studies in comparative syntax
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

Building upon theoretical innovations and extensive empirical findings, this book explains variation in the syntactic behavior of ergative arguments across languages. It offers a new analysis of  Read more...


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Genre/Form: Online-Ressource
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Maria Polinsky
ISBN: 9780190256616 0190256613 9780190256593 0190256591 0190256583 9780190256586
OCLC Number: 985712752
Notes: Previously issued in print: 2016.
Description: 1 Online-Ressource
Contents: PrefaceAbbreviationsPart I: Two types of ergatives 1 Introduction1.1 Setting the stage 1.2 Syntactic ergativity 1.2.1 The phenomenon 1.2.2 The range of the phenomenon 1.2.3 The relevance of syntactic ergativity1.3. The importance of starting small 1.3.1 Syntactic ergativity broadly defined 1.3.2 Not all A-bar movement phenomena are created equal 1.3.3 Some methodological odds and endsAppendix: Compensatory strategies under syntactic ergativity2 Proposal2.1 Crucial empirical observations 2.1.1 Diachronic pathways to ergativity 2.1.2 Oblique subjects2.2 The proposal: Two classes of ergative languages2.3 From PP specifier to syntactic ergativity2.3.1 The relationship between the verbal functional head and ergative P 2.3.2 Ergative P and P-stranding 2.3.3 Ergative P and pied-piping 2.3.4 From a PP subject to syntactic ergativity2.4 Basic clausal structures in the two types of ergative languages 2.4.1 PP-ergative and DP-ergative languages: transitive clauses2.4.2 PP-ergative and DP-ergative languages: unergative clauses2.4.3 PP specifiers everywhere? Preventing overgeneration2.4.4 Compatibility between the ergative and the passive2.5 Summary3 Prepositional phrases: Establishing the diagnostics3.1 PPs have distinct extraction and subextraction properties3.2 Restrictions on PPs as pivots of clefts3.3 PPs have resumptive proforms and may have special modifiers3.4 PPs are less accessible to agreement probes than DPs are3.5 PPs and binding3.6 PPs and A-movement3.7 PPs and control 3.8 Summary4 Ergative as a PP: Take One4.1 Ergative expressions can be PPs 4.2 Subextraction out of the ergative expression 4.3 Ergative cannot extract leaving a gap 4.4 Ergative and agreement 4.5 Ergative and depictives4.6 Ergative and quantifier float4.7 Taking stock4.7.1 Silent P head4.7.2 Overt P head4.7.3 The nature of the operator5 Ergative as a PP: Take Two5.1 Binding: Reflexives and reciprocals5.2 Raising 5.2.1 No true raising 5.2.2 Ergative is not preserved under raising-at least in Tongan 5.3 control 5.3 Summary6 Cross-linguistic landscape: Correlates of PP-ergativity6.1. Word order correlates6.2 Expletive subjects 6.3 Non-canonical (quirky) subjects7 The other ergative: A true DP7.1 Extraction of the ergative with a gap7.2 Subextraction from the ergative and the absolutive7.3 Agreement7.4 Binding7.5 Control and raising7.6 Word order7.7 Summary8 The relationship between the PP-ergative type and the DP-ergative type: Phylogeny and ontogeny 8.1 Diachronic relationship between the PP-ergative type and the DP-ergative type8.2 Caught in transition: Niuean8.3 Caught in transition: Adyghe8.4 PP-ergatives and DP-ergatives in language acquisition9 Alternative accounts of variation across ergative languages 9.1 Comp-trace vs. P-trace9.2 Criterial freezing9.3 Phase boundaries and high/low absolutive languages9.4 Non-syntactic explanations for variation across ergative languages9.5 SummaryPart II: Paradigm languages 10 A paradigm PP-Ergative language: Tongan10.1 Tongan basics 10.1.1 General remarks10.1.2 Predicates 10.1.3 Case marking 10.1.4 Word order: Preliminary remarks 10.1.5 Questions 10.2 Subject and possessive marking: Clitics 10.2.1 Subject clitics Basic facts about clitics Accounting for Tongan clitics Clitic doubling 10.2.2 Possessive clitics and possessive markers 10.3 Deriving Tongan clause structure 10.3.1 Word order: Deriving V1 10.3.2 Word order: The right periphery The definitive accent VOS is not due to scrambling VOS as rightward topicalization 10.3.3 Basic clause structures Intransitives: Unaccusatives Intransitives: Unergatives Transitive clauses 10.3.4 Tongan ergativity and split ergativity 10.4 A-bar movement 10.4.1 Relative clauses 10.4.2 Wh-questions 10.4.3 Focus: Exceptive constructions 10.4.4 Ko-Topicalization 10.4.5 Interim summary 10.5 Raising and control 10.5.1 The status of ke-clauses 10.5.2
Series Title: Oxford studies in comparative syntax
Responsibility: Maria Polinsky.


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"Polinsky provides a new and systematic approach to describing ergative languages that offers attractively simple categories, clearly defined and empirically testable conditions, and data from a set Read more...

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