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Descartes : an analytical and historical introduction

Author: Georges Dicker
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, ©2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
This new edition of Georges Dicker's commentary on Descartes's masterpiece, Meditations on First Philosophy, features a new chapter on the fourth meditation and improved treatments of the famous cogito ergo sum and the notorious problem of the Cartesian Circle, among numerous other improvements and updates. Clear and accessible, it serves as an introduction to Descartes's ideas for undergraduates and as a  Read more...
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Named Person: René Descartes; René Descartes; René Descartes
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Georges Dicker
ISBN: 9780195380323 0195380320 9780199701605 0199701601
OCLC Number: 809925961
Description: xix, 344 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. Meditation I and the method of doubt : Descartes's goal ; The Cartesian doubt ; Is Cartesian doubt self-refuting? ; The deceptiveness of the senses ; The dream argument ; The deceiver argument --
2. Meditation II: The Cogito and the self : Descartes's "I am thinking, therefore I exist" ; The certainty of one's own thought ; A problem for the Cogito ; The substance theory ; A reconstruction of the Cogito based on the substance theory ; Critical discussion of the reconstructed Cogito ; The substance theory and the argument from change ; The corollary ; The assumption that thoughts are properties ; The inference to "I exist" ; A defense of the unreconstructed Cogito ; Does the unreconstructed Cogito require an additional premise? ; Descartes's conception of the self ; Cartesian dualism --
3. Meditation III: The criterion of truth and the existence of God : Descartes's criterion of truth ; The project of Meditation III ; From the idea of God to God ; The nature of ideas ; Objective reality and formal reality ; The core argument ; The central argument of Meditation III: The subargument, the core argument, and the sequel --
4. Criticisms of Descartes's central argument in Meditation III : The subargument ; The precontainment principle ; Degrees of reality ; Justifying the causal maxim ; The problem of Cartesian circle ; The restriction of the doubt to past clear and distinct perceptions defense ; The general rule defense ; The radical doubt of reason and the creation of the eternal truths ; The validation of reason ; A final criticism of the core argument --
Meditation IV: Error, freedom, and evil : The issues of the fourth meditation ; Error and the will ; Some possible objections ; Assenting and deciding to believe ; Irresistibility and freedom ; The coherence of Cartesian freedom ; Descartes's troubling letter to Mesland ; Error and evil ; The problem of evil ; Cartesian theodicy ; Some critical reflections --
5. Meditation V: The ontological argument for the existence of God : Descartes's ontological argument ; Critique of the ontological argument ; Gaunilo's objection ; Kant's objection ' Further consideration of Kant's objection ' Caterus's objection ; Some implications for Descartes's system --
6. Meditation VI: Dualism and the material world : The scope of Meditation VI ; Descartes's proof of the "real distinction" between mind and body ; Descartes's proof of the material world ; Descartes on the nature of the material world ; Primary and secondary qualities ; Matter, space, and solidity ; Bodies as substances versus bodies as modes of substance ; Dualism and the problem of interaction ; An assessment of Cartesian dualism.
Responsibility: Georges Dicker.

Abstract:

This new edition of Georges Dicker's commentary on Descartes's Meditations serves as an introduction to Descartes's philosophy for undergraduates and as a sophisticated companion to his Meditations  Read more...

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