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Design and shielding of radiotherapy treatment facilities

Author: Patrick Horton, (Physicist); David Eaton, (Physicist); Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (Great Britain),; Institute of Physics (Great Britain),
Publisher: Bristol [England] (Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol BS1 6HG, UK) : IOP Publishing, [2017]
Series: IOP expanding physics.; Series in physics and engineering in medicine and biology.; IPEM report, no. 75.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 2nd editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
Design and Shielding of Radiotherapy Treatment Facilities provides readers with a single point of reference for protection advice to the construction and modification of radiotherapy facilities. The book assembles a faculty of national and international experts on all modalities including megavoltage and kilovoltage photons, brachytherapy and high-energy particles, and on conventional and Monte Carlo shielding  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Patrick Horton, (Physicist); David Eaton, (Physicist); Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (Great Britain),; Institute of Physics (Great Britain),
ISBN: 9780750314404 0750314400 9780750314428 0750314427 0750314419 9780750314411
OCLC Number: 1001285184
Notes: "Version: 20170701"--Title page verso.
Title from PDF title page (viewed on August 14, 2017).
Description: 1 online resource : illustrations (some color)
Contents: Preface --
1. The design and procurement process --
1.1. Introduction --
1.2. Strategic proposal and business case for a new development --
1.3. Design team --
1.4. Process, tenders and contracts --
1.5. Construction --
1.6. Acceptance and handover --
1.7. Commissioning --
1.8. Project evaluation. 2. The design of radiotherapy facilities --
2.1. General --
2.2. Linear accelerators --
2.3. Cobalt-60 units --
2.4. Kilovoltage units --
2.5. Brachytherapy --
2.6. Particle therapy. 3. Radiation protection requirements --
3.1. Introduction --
3.2. Quantities and units --
3.3. System of radiation protection --
3.4. Regulatory framework in the UK --
3.5. Basic radiation protection principles in radiotherapy --
3.6. Controlled areas --
3.7. Optimisation in the design process --
3.8. Engineering controls --
3.9. Prior risk assessment --
3.10. Additional regulatory requirements. 4. Clinical practice, treatment room and control room design --
4.1. Clinical practice --
4.2. Treatment room design --
4.3. Control room design. 5. Empirical shielding calculations for treatment rooms with linear accelerators --
5.1. General principles --
5.2. Primary barriers --
5.3. Secondary barriers --
5.4. Roofs and skyshine --
5.5. Groundshine --
5.6. Obliquity factor --
5.7. X-ray scatter down the maze --
5.8. Neutron scatter down the maze --
5.9. Maze doors and lining --
5.10. Direct doors --
5.11. Laminated walls and roofs --
5.12. Spreadsheet approach for primary and secondary shielding. 6. Monte Carlo methods --
6.1. Introduction --
6.2. Available Monte Carlo codes and deciding which one to use --
6.3. Using the MCNP code --
6.4. Using the FLUKA code --
6.5. MCNP, induced neutrons and particle therapy --
6.6. Calculation of whole-body doses --
6.7. Summary. 7. Shielding materials and construction details --
7.1. Introduction --
7.2. Materials with unspecified TVLs --
7.3. Construction details. 8. Specialist applications : Gamma Knife®, TomoTherapy® and CyberKnife® --
8.1. The Gamma Knife® --
8.2. TomoTherapy® --
8.3. CyberKnife® 9. Kilovoltage therapy and electronic brachytherapy --
9.1. Superficial and orthovoltage therapy --
9.2. Electronic brachytherapy and intra operative radiotherapy. 10. Brachytherapy --
10.1. Treatment modes --
10.2. Regulatory considerations --
10.3. Room design --
10.4. High dose-rate afterloading --
10.5. Pulsed dose-rate afterloading --
10.6. Permanent implants : iodine-125 seeds --
10.7. Eye plaques. 11. Radiation shielding and safety for particle therapy facilities --
11.1. Introduction --
11.2. Sources of extraneous radiation --
11.3. Design and build process considerations --
11.4. Regulatory requirements and design criteria --
11.5. Workload, use and occupancy factors --
11.6. Construction materials --
11.7. Theory of radiation transport : solving the Boltzmann equation --
11.8. Practical shielding calculations --
11.9. Monte Carlo calculation methods --
11.10. Mazes and ducts --
11.11. Room interlocks and monitoring --
11.12. Radiation hazards resulting from activation --
11.13. Measuring and monitoring techniques and instrumentation --
11.14. Summary. 12. Shielding verification and radiation surveys --
12.1. Introduction --
12.2. During construction --
12.3. Post construction radiation survey--detailed shielding integrity testing --
12.4. Preliminary safety assessment --
12.5. Critical examination --
12.6. Radiation surveys --
12.7. Surveys of kilovoltage equipment --
12.8. Surveys of brachytherapy facilities --
12.9. Surveys of CT scanners --
12.10. Validation of results.
Series Title: IOP expanding physics.; Series in physics and engineering in medicine and biology.; IPEM report, no. 75.
Responsibility: Patrick Horton, David Eaton.

Abstract:

Design and Shielding of Radiotherapy Treatment Facilities provides readers with a single point of reference for protection advice to the construction and modification of radiotherapy facilities. The book assembles a faculty of national and international experts on all modalities including megavoltage and kilovoltage photons, brachytherapy and high-energy particles, and on conventional and Monte Carlo shielding calculations. This book is a comprehensive reference for qualified experts and radiation-shielding designers in radiation physics and also useful to anyone involved in the design of radiotherapy facilities.

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