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The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers

Author: David Blau; Erdal Tekin
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. National Bureau of Economic Research 2003.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w9665.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper provides an analysis of child care subsidies under welfare reform. Previous studies of child care subsidies use data from the pre-welfare-reform period, and their results may not apply to the very different post-reform environment. We use data from the 1999 National Survey of America's Families to analyze the determinants of receipt of a child care subsidy and the effects of subsidy receipt on employment,  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: David Blau; Erdal Tekin
OCLC Number: 1027373130
Notes: May 2003.
Description: 1 online resource.
Details: Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w9665.
Responsibility: David Blau, Erdal Tekin.

Abstract:

This paper provides an analysis of child care subsidies under welfare reform. Previous studies of child care subsidies use data from the pre-welfare-reform period, and their results may not apply to the very different post-reform environment. We use data from the 1999 National Survey of America's Families to analyze the determinants of receipt of a child care subsidy and the effects of subsidy receipt on employment, school attendance, job search, and welfare participation. We analyze the impact on subsidy receipt of household characteristics such as family size and structure, and past participation in welfare. The most important determinant of receipt of a child care subsidy is past receipt, but we cannot determine from our analysis whether this is a causal effect or a result of unobserved heterogeneity. Ordinary least squares estimates that treat subsidy receipt as exogenous show an effect of subsidy receipt of about 13 percentage points on employment. Two stage least squares estimates that treat subsidy receipt as endogenous and use county dummies as identifying instruments show an effect of 32 percentage points. We present some evidence that is consistent with the assumption that county dummies are valid identifying instruments, and some evidence that is inconsistent with the assumption.

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\n\n

Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1027373130<\/a>> # The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:MediaObject<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"1027373130<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> ; # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/j13_fertility_family_planning_child_care_children_youth<\/a>> ; # J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/finance_united_states<\/a>> ; # Finance--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Place\/united_states<\/a>> ; # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_government_policy_united_states<\/a>> ; # Child care--Government policy--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/finance<\/a>> ; # Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/i38_government_policy_provision_and_effects_of_welfare_programs<\/a>> ; # I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_services_finance<\/a>> ; # Child care services--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_government_policy<\/a>> ; # Child care--Government policy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_services_united_states_finance<\/a>> ; # Child care services--United States--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Person\/tekin_erdal<\/a>> ; # Erdal Tekin<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Person\/blau_david<\/a>> ; # David Blau<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"This paper provides an analysis of child care subsidies under welfare reform. Previous studies of child care subsidies use data from the pre-welfare-reform period, and their results may not apply to the very different post-reform environment. We use data from the 1999 National Survey of America\'s Families to analyze the determinants of receipt of a child care subsidy and the effects of subsidy receipt on employment, school attendance, job search, and welfare participation. We analyze the impact on subsidy receipt of household characteristics such as family size and structure, and past participation in welfare. The most important determinant of receipt of a child care subsidy is past receipt, but we cannot determine from our analysis whether this is a causal effect or a result of unobserved heterogeneity. Ordinary least squares estimates that treat subsidy receipt as exogenous show an effect of subsidy receipt of about 13 percentage points on employment. Two stage least squares estimates that treat subsidy receipt as endogenous and use county dummies as identifying instruments show an effect of 32 percentage points. We present some evidence that is consistent with the assumption that county dummies are valid identifying instruments, and some evidence that is inconsistent with the assumption.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/9788393<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Series\/nber_working_paper_series<\/a>> ; # NBER working paper series<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Series\/working_paper_series_national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> ; # Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"1027373130<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1027373130#PublicationEvent\/cambridge_mass_national_bureau_of_economic_research2003<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Agent\/national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> ; # National Bureau of Economic Research<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/papers.nber.org\/papers\/w9665<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.library.yorku.ca\/e\/resolver\/id\/1956777<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.nber.org\/papers\/w9665<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/VH7QX3XE2P.search.serialssolutions.com\/?V=1.0&L=VH7QX3XE2P&S=AC_T_B&C=Determinants%20and%20Consequences%20of%20Child%20Care%20Subsidies%20for%20Single%20Mothers&T=marc&tab=BOOKS<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1027373130<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Agent\/national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> # National Bureau of Economic Research<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"National Bureau of Economic Research<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Person\/blau_david<\/a>> # David Blau<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Blau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"David<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"David Blau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Person\/tekin_erdal<\/a>> # Erdal Tekin<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Tekin<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Erdal<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Erdal Tekin<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Place\/united_states<\/a>> # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Series\/nber_working_paper_series<\/a>> # NBER working paper series<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1027373130<\/a>> ; # The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"NBER working paper series<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Series\/working_paper_series_national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> # Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1027373130<\/a>> ; # The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_government_policy<\/a>> # Child care--Government policy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Child care--Government policy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_government_policy_united_states<\/a>> # Child care--Government policy--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Child care--Government policy--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_services_finance<\/a>> # Child care services--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Child care services--Finance<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/child_care_services_united_states_finance<\/a>> # Child care services--United States--Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Child care services--United States--Finance<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/finance<\/a>> # Finance<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Finance<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/finance_united_states<\/a>> # Finance--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Finance--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/i38_government_policy_provision_and_effects_of_welfare_programs<\/a>> # I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Topic\/j13_fertility_family_planning_child_care_children_youth<\/a>> # J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"mau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/VH7QX3XE2P.search.serialssolutions.com\/?V=1.0&L=VH7QX3XE2P&S=AC_T_B&C=Determinants%20and%20Consequences%20of%20Child%20Care%20Subsidies%20for%20Single%20Mothers&T=marc&tab=BOOKS<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"VIEW FULL TEXT<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1027373130<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1027373130<\/a>> ; # The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2019-12-01<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1027373130#PublicationEvent\/cambridge_mass_national_bureau_of_economic_research2003<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> ; # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/9788393#Agent\/national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> ; # National Bureau of Economic Research<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n