Development and disorder : casual modelling (Book, 1995) []
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Development and disorder : casual modelling

Development and disorder : casual modelling

Author: John Morton; Uta Frith
Publisher: Oxford : Blackwell, 1995.
Series: Cognitive development (Oxford, England)
Edition/Format:   Print book : English

Based on the idea that understanding developmental disorders requires us to talk about biological, cognitive, behavioral and environmental factors, and to talk about causal relationships among these  Read more...


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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: John Morton; Uta Frith
ISBN: 063118757X 9780631187578 0631187588 9780631187585
OCLC Number: 104830097
Description: 208 pages.
Contents: Introduction.Chapter 1 Introducing Cause.Cause and Public Issues - 'Working Mums Blamed for Children's Failures'.Cause and Individual Events - 'Why Did Romeo Die?'.Why Look at Cause?.Some More Reasons for Not Looking at Individual Cases.The Need for a Framework for Thinking In.Creating a Tool - The Problem of Notation.An Example of The Limits of Language.An Invitation to Consider Diagrams as a Tool.A Tool for Representing Causal Relationships.Chapter 2 Introducing Cognition.One Thing I Do Want You to Believe.Reductionism.Can We Rely on Behaviour?.The IQ Example - A Note of Caution.Why Cause Needs Cognition.Chapter 3 Representing Causal Relationships.Categorizing Facts.The Causal Notation.Starting a Causal Model for Autism.Complications.Some Easy Stuff On Cause and Correlation.Other Notations.Chapter 4 Causal Accounts of Autism.How Causal Modelling Started.The Merry-Go-Round of Circular Reasoning.The Biological Origin of Autism.The Role Of Cognition in Defining Autism.What is Mentalizing?.Changes over Time.The Non-Social Features of Autism: How to Diagram Ideas on Weak Central Coherence in Autism.Chapter 5 The What and the How.Ground Rules Of Causal Modelling.Chapter 6 Competing Causal Accounts of Autism.Representing the Effects of Environmental Factors.Cognitive Theories of Autism.Chapter 7 The Problem of Diagnosis.Diagnosis and Cause - Relying on Behaviour.The Spanish Inquisition Example - The Dangers of Labelling.Problems Of Diagnostic Practice.Variability.Changes over Time: Improvement and Deterioration.Diagrams for Individual Cases and Diagrams for Disorders in General.The Variability of the Phenotype.Chapter 8 A Causal Analysis Of Dyslexia.The Dyslexia Debate: Is There Such a Thing as Dyslexia?.The Discrepancy Definition of Specific Reading Disability.Towards a Cognitive Definition.An X-Type Causal Model of Dyslexia.Biological Factors.Cognitive Factors.Difficulties of the Beginning Reader.Associated and Secondary Problems.General and Specific Deficits.Competing Theories of Dyslexia.Non-Biological Causes.Other Biological Causes of Reading Failure.Chapter 9 The Hyperkinetic Confusions.Drugs As Diagnostic Refinement.Types of Theory.The Problem of Comorbidity - Conduct Disorder and ADHD.The Cognitive Level.Sonuga-Barke's Dual Pathway Model.Chapter 10 Theories of Conduct Disorder.Violence Inhibition Mechanism (VIM) Model.The Social Information Processing Model for Aggressive Children.Coercive Parenting Model of Patterson.The Theory of Life-Course Persistent Antisocial Behaviour.Chapter 11 Tying in Biology.Relations between the Cognitive and Biological Levels.Equivalence: Brain to Cognition.Causal Influences from Cognition to Brain.Genes and Cause - the End of Behaviour Genetics.Endophenotypes.Mouse (and Other) Models for Human Disorders.Chapter 12 To Conclude.References.Name Index.Subject Index.
Series Title: Cognitive development (Oxford, England)
Responsibility: John Morton and Uta Frith.


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"What causes disorders of development? How can they be meaningfully defined? These questions have resulted in deeply entangled controversies. John Morton has provided a razor-sharp tool that cuts the Read more...

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