Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants : Germany, Israel and Russia in Comparative Perspective. (eBook, 2004) [WorldCat.org]
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Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants : Germany, Israel and Russia in Comparative Perspective.

Author: Rainer Munz; Rainer Ohliger
Publisher: London : Taylor and Francis, 2004. ©2005
Series: Routledge studies in nationalism and ethnicity.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This work adopts a comparative approach to explore interrelations between two phenomena which, so far, have rarely been examined and analysed together, namely the dynamics of diaspora and minority formation in Central and Eastern Europe on the one hand, and the diaspora migration on the other.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Case studies
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Munz, Rainer.
Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants : Germany, Israel and Russia in Comparative Perspective.
London : Taylor and Francis, ©2004
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Rainer Munz; Rainer Ohliger
ISBN: 9780203486276 0203486277
OCLC Number: 1048386177
Notes: 22 A Case Study in Transnationalism: Russian Jewish Immigrants in Israel of the 1990s.
Description: 1 online resource (442 pages).
Contents: Book Cover --
Half-Title --
Title --
Copyright --
Contents --
Notes on Contributors --
Tables, Figures, Maps and Photographs --
Acknowledgements --
PART I INTRODUCTION --
1 Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants in Twentieth-Century Europe: A Comparative Perspective --
DIASPORA: A USEFUL CONCEPT OF ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON? --
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES AMONG ETHNIC GERMANS, 'RUSSIAN' JEWS AND ETHNIC RUSSIANS --
PATTERNS OF ETHNIC MIGRATION --
'RETURN' OF THE DIASPORA: A SPECIAL FORM OF MIGRATION --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
PART II THEORITICAL AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES --
2 From Diasporas to Migrants-from Migrants to Diasporas --
ISSUES AND PURPOSES --
THE NEED FOR FURTHER EXAMINATION AND EXPLANATION OF THE EMERGENCE AND DEMISE OF ETHNO-NATIONAL DIASPORAS --
FROM DIASPORAS TO MIGRANTS --
THE PROLIFERATION OF NEW ETHNO-NATIONAL DIASPORAS --
EXPLAINING THE EMERGENCE AND DEMISE OF DIASPORAS --
The Impact of Globalization --
Migration Crises --
The Impact of Conditions in Host Countries --
SETTLEMENT AND RETURN AS A RESULT OF MIGRANTS' AUTONOMOUS DECISIONS IN HOST COUNTRIES --
MIGRANTS INTO INCIPIENT DIASPORAS-MEMBERS OF DIASPORAS INTO FULL CITIZENS OF THEIR HOMELANDS --
SOME THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS --
NOTES --
3 Minority Existence in Twentieth-Century Central and Eastern Europe: Between Self and Other? --
BEYOND DICHOTOMOUS PERCEPTIONS OF MINORITY EXISTENCE --
LEGACIES OF THE PAST-PROBLEMS OF THE PRESENT: MINORITIES IN THE AGE OF NATION-STATES --
THE DICHOTOMY OF SELF AND OTHER WITHIN MAJORITY-MINORITY RELATIONS --
The Starting Point: The State of the Art in Nationalism Studies and Migration Research --
Broadening the Dichotomy: National Self and Foreign Other-Foreign Self and National Other --
MINORITIES BETWEEN INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION --
Citizenship --
Demographic Size --
Consolidation (and Internalization) of Minority Status over Time --
Language. Social Structure --
The Role of Intervening International Organizations --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
4 The American Model of Diasporic Discourse --
TRADITIONAL DISCOURSES OF DIASPORA --
BINARIES OF DIASPORIC DISCOURSES --
THE DIACHRONIC AND THE SYNCHRONIC --
MOBILITY VERSUS SEDENTARISM --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
PART III MAKING AND UNMAKING DIASPORAS: ETHNIC UNMIXING AND FORCED MIGRATIONS IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY EUROPE --
5 The Spell of the Homogeneous Nation-State: Structural Factors and Agents of Ethnic Cleansing --
STATE FORMATION BETWEEN 1850 AND 1939 --
NATION-BUILDING IN THE LATE NINETEENTH AND EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURIES --
ATTITUDES AND POLICIES TOWARDS MINORITIES --
SOCIAL AND NATIONAL ENGINEERING --
AGENCY OF ETHNIC CLEANSING --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
6 Ethnic Cleansing as an Invention of the Twentieth Century: An Account of Expulsions in Europe --
THE IDEA OF ETHNIC UNMIXING --
EXPERIMENTS IN THE BALKANS --
THE SHUNTING YARD --
ETHNICALLY CLEANSED EUROPE --
7 Ethnic Migrations of the 1990s from and to the Successor States of the Former Soviet Union: 'Repatriation' or Privileged Migration? --
ETHNIC MIGRATIONS, A PHENOMENON OF GREAT MAGNITUDE --
ETHNIC AND MORAL DIMENSIONS OF THE POLICIES OF THE RECEIVING COUNTRIES --
PRIVILEGED RECEPTION AND INTEGRATION POLICIES FOR ETHNIC IMMIGRANTS --
OUTCOMES OF THESE POLICIES --
EXCEPTIONAL AND TEMPORARY POLICIES? --
NOTES --
PART IV RUSSIA AND THE POST-SOVIET SUCCESSOR STATES: NEW DIASPORAS AND ETHNIC MIGRANTS --
8 The End of an Empire: Migration and the Changing Nationality Composition of the Soviet Successor States --
POST-SOVIET MIGRATION AGAINST RELEVANT THEORY --
POPULATION CHANGE IN THE SOVIET SUCCESSOR STATES SINCE 1989 --
MIGRATION PATTERNS AMONG THE SOVIET SUCCESSOR STATES --
POST-SOVIET MIGRATION PATTERNS IN RUSSIA --
POST-SOVIET MIGRATION PATTERNS IN THE OTHER SLAVIC STATES AND MOLDOVA. POST-SOVIET MIGRATION PATTERNS IN THE BALTIC STATES --
POST-SOVIET MIGRATION PATTERNS IN THE TRANSCAUCASIAN STATES --
POST-SOVIET MIGRATION PATTERNS IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN STATES --
CONCLUSIONS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE --
NOTES --
9 The Dissolution of the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Ethnic Migration: The Return of Diasporas? --
THE JEWISH DIASPORA --
THE ARMENIAN DIASPORA --
THE RUSSIAN DIASPORA --
THE UKRAINIAN DIASPORA --
THE GERMAN DIASPORA --
TATAR DIASPORA --
CONCLUSION --
10 Returning Home? Approaches to Repatriation and Migrant Resettlement in Post-Soviet Russia --
RETURNING HOME? MIGRATION AND THE POST-SOVIET REALITY --
MIGRATION FLOWS, FEDERAL RESPONSES: THE RUSSIAN MIGRATION REGIME --
NON-GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSES AND MIGRANT ORGANIZATIONS --
LOCAL REALITIES: MEANINGS OF 'HOME' AND EXPERIENCE OF RESETTLEMENT AMONG RUSSIAN MIGRANTS IN SARATOV OBLAST --
Group resettlement --
Family networks and resettlement. --
Spontaneous resettlement --
CONCLUSIONS --
NOTES --
11 Social Citizenship and Non-Migration: The Immobility of the Russian Diaspora in the Baltics --
THE ETHNIC DIMENSION OF POST-SOVIET TRANSFORMATION --
'CLASSICAL' MINORITY POLICIES AND THE RUSSIAN DIASPORA --
SECTORAL CONCENTRATION OF MINORITIES AND ECONOMIC POLICIES --
REGIONAL CONCENTRATION OF THE DIASPORA --
ETHNICITY AND SOCIAL POLICY --
WINNERS AND LOSERS IN THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS --
12 Today's Politics and Yesterday's Embitterments: Ethnic Restructuring and its Aftermath in the Baltic states --
ETHNIC RESTRUCTURING IN THE BALTIC STATES: A HISTORICAL ACCOUNT --
REVIVAL: COLLECTIVE MEMORY RECOVERED --
HISTORY AND MEMORY IN THE RESTORED STATES --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
13 The Russian-Speaking Identity under the Latvian Language Policy --
THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKERS' IDENTITY IN THE BALTIC STATES --
THE IRRELEVANCE OF THE RUSSIAN SPEAKERS' IDENTITY TRENDS. THE IMPACT OF STATE POLICY UPON IDENTITY --
LANGUAGE COMPETENCE AND LANGUAGE-RELATED ATTITUDES --
LINGUISTIC PREFERENCES IN EDUCATION --
CONCLUSION: MOBILIZATION OF IDENTITY --
NOTES --
14 Russians Abroad: Citizenship and Political Community in Estonia and Kazakhstan --
THE POLITICS OF CITIZENSHIP --
POLITICAL COMMUNITY AND CITIZENSHIP IN ESTONIA --
POLITICAL COMMUNITY AND CITIZENSHIP IN KAZAKHSTAN --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
PART V GERMANY: ETHNIC MIGRATION AND DIASPORA EXISTENCE IN TRANSITION --
15 Ethnic Germans in Central and Eastern Europe and their Return to Germany --
HISTORICAL OVERVIEW --
POST-WAR EXPELLEES AND THEIR RESETTLEMENT IN THE ALLIED ZONES OF OCCUPATION --
GERMAN RESETTLERS AND THE LEGAL BASIS OF THEIR ABSORPTION IN (WEST) GERMANY --
AREAS OF ORIGIN AND PERIODS OF IMMIGRATION --
REDUCTION AND FORESEEABLE END TO THE IMMIGRATION OF ETHNIC GERMANS --
NOTES --
16 Young Ethnic German Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union: German Language Proficiency and its Impact on Integration --
IMMIGRATION OF ETHNIC GERMANS TO GERMANY- A SHORT OVERVIEW --
ETHNIC SELF-IDENTIFICATION AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE GERMAN LANGUAGE AMONG YOUNG ETHNIC GERMANS IN THEIR COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN --
GERMAN LANGUAGE TRAINING, EDUCATIONAL PROSPECTS AND LANGUAGE USE IN FAMILY AND PEER GROUP --
German Language Training --
Educational Prospects --
GERMAN LANGUAGE USE IN SOCIAL CONTEXTS --
GERMAN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AND THE EMERGENCE OF IMMIGRANT ENCLAVES --
Case Study --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
17 The Politicization of Ethnic German Immigrants: The Transformation of State Priorities --
ETHNIC GERMANS AND THE RECONFIGURATION OF NATIONAL IDENTITY --
Data --
The Post-war Period --
Détente and New Political Culture --
THE POST-COLD WAR PERIOD --
From National Symbol to Social Subject --
The Universalization of Nationhood --
CONCLUSIONS --
NOTES. 18 Who Organizes? The Political Opportunity Structure of Co-Ethnic Migrant Mobilization --
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND --
WELCOMING HOMELANDS: HAVEN FOR IMMIGRANTS --
WELCOMING HOMELAND? --
MOBILIZATION VERSUS NON-MOBILIZATION: ISRAEL AND GERMANY --
THE POLITICAL OPPORTUNITY OF CO-ETHNIC MOBILIZATION --
Case Studies --
Expectation versus Reality --
Grievances --
Common Purpose and Solidarity --
Access to Resources --
Points of Access to System --
Governmental Responsiveness --
Presence of Influential Allies --
State Capacity for Repression --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
PART VI ISRAEL: OLD DIASPORAS AND NEW IMMIGRANTS --
19 Immigration and Ethnicity in Israel: Returning Diaspora and Nation-Building --
MIGRATION AND POPULATION COMPOSITION --
COMPARING IMMIGRANT GROUPS BY SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS --
ECONOMIC COSTS AS AN INDICATION OF INTEGRATION --
THE ROLE OF THE STATE --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
20 Integration and the Social Dynamic of Ethnic Migration: The Jews from the Former Soviet Union in Israel --
A CONSIDERABLE MIGRATORY MOVEMENT --
THE FIRST STEPS TO INTEGRATION: 'FROM SCIENTISTS TO STREET-SWEEPERS'5 --
RELEARNING TO BE A WELCOMING PLACE --
ONE REASON FOR THE DESTABILIZATION OF ISRAELI SOCIETY --
THE IMMIGRANT AS AN ACTOR: 'FROM STREET-SWEEPER TO COMPANY MANAGER' --
A REORGANIZATION OF MIGRATION --
TOWARDS A NEW PROFILE OF SOVIET IMMIGRANTS --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES --
21 The Russian Language as a Base Factor: The Formation of the Russian Community in Israel --
RUSSIANS IN ISRAEL-WHO ARE THEY? --
HEBREW AND RUSSIAN-DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN DIFFERENT SPHERES --
ISRAELI-RUSSIAN LANGUAGE CULTURE-CHALLENGING THE LOCALS --
SCHOOL EDUCATION-SHOULD RUSSIAN BE A PART OF IT? --
THE ROOTS OF CULTURAL DIVSIONS: REGIONALISM AS A PROBLEM FOR FORGING AN IDENTITY --
THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE IN ISRAEL-IRRITATIONS AND JUSTIFICATIONS --
CONCLUSION --
NOTES.
Series Title: Routledge studies in nationalism and ethnicity.

Abstract:

This work adopts a comparative approach to explore interrelations between two phenomena which, so far, have rarely been examined and analysed together, namely the dynamics of diaspora and minority formation in Central and Eastern Europe on the one hand, and the diaspora migration on the other.

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