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The discovery of the artificial : behavior, mind, and machines before and beyond cybernetics

Author: Roberto Cordeschi
Publisher: Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, ©2002.
Series: Studies in cognitive systems, v. 28.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"During the second half of the nineteenth century, researchers in cybernetics and AI, neural nets and connectionism, ALife and new robotics have endeavoured to build different machines that could simulate functions of living organisms, such as adaptation and development, intelligence and learning. In this book these research programs are discussed, and their philosophical significance is stressed. One of the actual
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Roberto Cordeschi
ISBN: 1402006063 9781402006067
OCLC Number: 49860160
Description: xx, 312 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Contents: Chemical machines and action systems --
Introduction. Living organisms and machines --
Loeb and the orientation mechanisms of Hammond: "natural" and "artificial" machines --
The dispute over automata after Huxley. "Automatic" and "plastic" regulation of behavior --
Jennings and the action system --
Machines and functional organization --
Men, animals and machines. Reductionism and mentalistic language --
Nervous conduction: early connectionism, physical analogies and machines --
Introduction. Neurological hypotheses and machines --
Nervous conduction as drainage: Spencer, james and McDougall --
Meyer's drainage theory and the limits of mechanical analogy --
Thorndike and the origins of connectionism --
Inorganic nervous systems: Bent Russell's machine --
Other ideas about nervous conduction --
Engineers' machines and biologists' machines --
Stephens' connectionist machine --
The Robot Approach --
Introduction. Forms of learning --
Simulating learning processes --
Rashevsky's physics of mind --
Automatism and rudimentary forms of thought --
"Ultra-automatism." Hull's "psychic" machine --
The advent of robotics and developments of Hull's simulation method --
What happened to the robot approach? --
Behavior, purpose and teleology --
Introduction. Teleological explanations --
Adaptation as equilibration. Lillie and the "reconciliation" of teleology with science --
Warren and teleology as a scientific problem --
Purpose in the natural world and in artefacts --
True and derivative teleology --
Learning and teleology: Perry, McDougall and Tolman.
Series Title: Studies in cognitive systems, v. 28.
Responsibility: by Roberto Cordeschi.
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This series will include monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, information, and data processing systems of all kinds, no matter whether  Read more...

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