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DNA Traffic in the Environment

Author: Hiromi Nishida; Taku Ōshima
Publisher: Singapore : Springer, 2019.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book comprehensively discusses our current understanding of the role and biological mechanisms of horizontal transfer of genetic elements in the environment, which has been important in the evolution of prokaryotes (archaea and bacteria). Horizontal transfer of genetic elements generates variations of prokaryotes and their genomes. Comparative studies of genomes revealed that it frequently occurred during  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: (OCoLC)1057783347
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Hiromi Nishida; Taku Ōshima
ISBN: 9789811334115 9811334110 9789811334122 9811334129
OCLC Number: 1087502723
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Intro; Preface; Contents; 1: Xenogeneic Silencing and Horizontal Gene Transfer; 1.1 Prokaryotic Evolution: Harnessing Power of Mobile DNA; 1.2 Bacterial Genomes Are Built to Prevent Parasitism; 1.3 Characteristics of Core Genes vs. Accessory (Noncore) Genes in the Genome; 1.4 Xenogeneic Silencing: Repressing Foreign DNA As a Balance Between Evolvability and Security; 1.5 The Mechanistic Basis for Xenogeneic Silencing; 1.6 How Genes Are Regulated in the Face of Silencing; 1.7 Diversity of Xenogeneic Silencing Proteins; 1.7.1 MvaT; 1.7.2 Lsr2 1.8 H-NS Family Proteins Encoded on Plasmids1.8.1 Sfh and H-NSR27; 1.8.2 Pmr; 1.9 Summary; References; 2: Functions of Archaeal Nucleoid Proteins: Archaeal Silencers are Still Missing; 2.1 Archaea Have Acquired Genes from Bacteria to Adapt to Their Living Environment; 2.2 The Difference of General Transcriptional Regulation Between Archaea and Bacteria; 2.3 The Importance of Silencers for the Integration of Horizontally Transferred Genes in the Host Transcriptional Network in Bacteria 2.4 The Archaeal Nucleoid Proteins May Be Silencers Supporting the Integration of Horizontal Transfer Genes in Host Genomes2.5 Archaeal Histones Adapt to the GC Content of the Genome; References; 3: Acquired and Innate Immunity in Prokaryotes Define Their Evolutionary Story; 3.1 The Roles of Mobile Genetic Elements in Prokaryotic Genome Evolution; 3.2 Prokaryotic Innate Immune Systems Against Foreign DNA Invasion; 3.3 CRISPR-Cas Adaptive Immune Systems; 3.4 Effect of the Evolutionary Dynamics of Defense Systems on Prokaryotic Genome Evolution 4.3.1 sRNAs Specified by Salmonella Pathogenicity Islands4.3.2 sRNAs Regulated by SPI-Encoded Transcriptional Regulators; 4.3.3 Chromosomal sRNA Regulates Horizontally Acquired Genes; 4.4 Perspectives; References; 5: Bacteria-Virus Interactions; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Temperate Virus-Host Interactions; 5.3 Domestication of Proviruses by Hosts; 5.4 Lytic Virus-Host Interactions; 5.5 Ecological Advantages of Natural Host-Virus Interactions; References; 6: Plasmids and Their Hosts; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Plasmid Function; 6.2.1 Replication and Maintenance; 6.2.2 Conjugation
Responsibility: Hiromi Nishida, Taku Oshima, editors.

Abstract:

This book comprehensively discusses our current understanding of the role and biological mechanisms of horizontal transfer of genetic elements in the environment, which has been important in the evolution of prokaryotes (archaea and bacteria). Horizontal transfer of genetic elements generates variations of prokaryotes and their genomes. Comparative studies of genomes revealed that it frequently occurred during archaeal and bacterial evolution. The book introduces a variety of studies related to horizontal gene transfer, gene silencing, plasmids, phages, transposons, and the emergence of microbes that degrade man-made xenobiotics and have antimicrobial resistance. Written by leading researchers in DNA traffic, the book is a valuable guide to horizontal transfer for both young scientists and experts in the field.

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