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Do Majority Black Districts Limit Blacks’ Representation? The Case of the 1990 Redistricting

Author: Ebonya L Washington
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. National Bureau of Economic Research 2011.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w17099.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Conventional wisdom and empirical academic research conclude that majority Black districts decrease Black representation by increasing conservatism in Congress. However, this research generally suffers from three limitations: 1) too low a level of aggregation 2) lack of a counterfactual and 3) failure to account for the endogeneity of the creation of majority minority districts. I compare congressional delegations  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic book
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Ebonya L Washington
OCLC Number: 1027339537
Notes: May 2011.
Description: 1 online resource.
Details: Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w17099.
Responsibility: Ebonya L. Washington.

Abstract:

Conventional wisdom and empirical academic research conclude that majority Black districts decrease Black representation by increasing conservatism in Congress. However, this research generally suffers from three limitations: 1) too low a level of aggregation 2) lack of a counterfactual and 3) failure to account for the endogeneity of the creation of majority minority districts. I compare congressional delegations of states that during the 1990 redistricting were under greater pressure to create majority minority districts with those under lesser pressure in a difference-in-difference framework. I find no evidence that the creation of majority minority districts leads to more conservative House delegations. In fact point estimates indicate that states that increased their share of majority Black districts saw their delegations grow increasingly liberal. I find similar results for majority Latino districts in the southwest. Thus I find no evidence for the common view that majority minority districts decrease minority representation in Congress.

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