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Doctors and discoveries : lives that created today's medicine

Author: John Simmons
Publisher: Boston : Houghton Mifflin, ©2002.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Traces the history of western medicine through the lives of its major contributors, profiling such well-known figures as Hippocrates and Louis Pasteur, as well as lesser-known scientists including Elle Metchnikoff and Samuel Hahnemann.
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Genre/Form: Biographies
Biography
Quick Ref. Collection
History
Material Type: Biography, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: John Simmons
ISBN: 0618152768 9780618152766
OCLC Number: 48649291
Description: xx, 459 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction: A human dimension to the history of medicine --
Part I. Compass of Western medicine. Charles Darwin : biology and medicine ; Rudolf Virchow : the scope of modern medicine : cellular and social ; Claude Bernard : medicine and modern experimental physiology ; Louis Pasteur : the germ theory of disease : microbiology ; Robert Koch : foundations of bacteriology ; Hippocrates : rational medicine ; Galen : western medical tradition --
Part II. The principal transformations. Andreas Vesalius : The Fabrica and the new anatomy ; William Harvey : circulation of the blood ; Paracelsus : a new tradition in medicine ; Giovanni Morgagni : "his anatomical majesty" ; Xavier Bichat : doctrine of tissues ; René Laennec : the physician's new gaze ; Johannes Müller : the rise of German medicine ; François Magendie : "a science in the making" ; Pierre Louis : the numerical method ; Carl Ludwig : an "integrated approach" to physiology ; Jacob Henle : anatomy, histology, physiology, and pathology ; Florence Nightingale : modern nursing ; Joseph Lister : antisepsis and modern surgery ; Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen : the discovery of x rays ; Theodor Boveri : the chromosomes ; Santiago Ramón y Cajal : discovering the neurons ; Oswald Avery : the "transforming principle" : DNA --
Part III. Figures of constant reference. Ambroise Paré : the rise of surgery ; Bernardino Ramazzini : occupational diseases and environmental hazards ; Girolamo Fracastoro : a poem about syphilis, a theory of contagion ; Thomas Sydenham : the "English Hippocrates" ; Hermann Boerhaave : medicine in the eighteenth century ; John Hunter : beginnings of scientific medicine and surgery ; Pierre Fauchard : founder of modern dentistry ; Philippe Pinel : treating the insane ; Edward Jenner : vaccination against smallpox ; William Thomas Green Morton : the demonstration of anesthesia ; John Snow : field epidemiology begins at the Broad Street pump ; lgnaz Semmelweis : tragic insight into childbed fever ; Theodor Billroth : surgery comes of age ; Sigmund Freud : the rise, decline, and persistence of psychoanalysis. Part IV. Creating modern medicine. William Osier : modem clinical medicine ; Elie Metchnikoff : cellular immunity ; Willem Einthoven : inventing electrocardiography ; Emil von Behring : humoral immunity ; Alexis Carrel : surgery, science, and man, the unknown ; Frederick Banting : the discovery of insulin ; Walter B. Cannon : the wisdom of the body ; Archibald Garrod : genetic disorders and biochemical individuality ; Otto Warburg : basic discoveries in biochemistry ; Abraham Flexner : educating doctors ; Harvey Cushing : arrival of the brain surgeon ; Hans Spemann : embryology and the "organizer" ; Henry Dale : discovering the first neurotransmitter ; Hans Krebs : the Krebs cycle ; Howard Florey : the discovery of penicillin ; Wilder Penfield : neurology : mapping the brain ; Selman Waksman : microbes from the soil ; Peyton Rous : cancer: a viral theory ; John Franklin Enders : persuading viruses to multiply ; Ernst Ruska : inventing the electron microscope ; Willem J. Kolff : spare parts medicine ; Macfarlane Burnet : a new theory of the immune system --
Part V. Recent and contemporary. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow : Radioimmunoassay ; Benjamin Spock : raising children in a complicated world ; Arthur Kornberg : the enzyme hunter ; Carleton Gajdusek : a new agent of disease ; Ernst Wynder : smoking, health, and preventive medicine ; Melanie Klein : psychiatry : new trends in psychoanalysis ; Godfrey Hounsfield : the revolution in diagnostic imaging ; Jean Dausset : molecular self and nonself ; James Black : the rational search for new drugs ; Walter Gilbert : molecular biology takes command ; Solomon Snyder : advances in neuroscience ; William Masters : sex research and therapy ; Gerald M. Edelman : the chemistry of immunity and the biology of neurology ; Harold Varmus : molecular pathways to cancer ; Raymond Damadian : magnetic resonance imaging ; Bert Vogelstein : a genetic explanation for cancer ; Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier : the contentious discovery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) --
Part VI. Omnium-gatherum. Celsus : Cicero of medicine ; lbn Sina (Avicenna) : prince of physicians ; Louise Bourgeois : persistence of the midwife ; Samuel Hahnemann : the progress of homeopathy ; Daniel David Palmer : chiropractic ; Lydia Pinkham : "a sure cure ..." ; Paul de Kruif : the microbe hunters ; Henri Dunant : founding the Red Cross --
Envoy.
Responsibility: John Galbraith Simmons.
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Abstract:

Traces the history of western medicine through the lives of its major contributors, profiling such well-known figures as Hippocrates and Louis Pasteur, as well as lesser-known scientists including Elle Metchnikoff and Samuel Hahnemann.

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