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Does integration change gender attitudes? : The effect of randomly assigning women to traditionally male teams

Author: Gordon Boyack Dahl; Andreas Kotsadam; Dan-Olof Rooth; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2018.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 24351.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
We examine whether exposure of men to women in a traditionally male-dominated environment can change attitudes about mixed-gender productivity, gender roles and gender identity. Our context is the military in Norway, where we randomly assigned female recruits to some squads but not others during boot camp. We find that living and working with women for 8 weeks causes men to adopt more egalitarian attitudes. There is  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gordon Boyack Dahl; Andreas Kotsadam; Dan-Olof Rooth; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1027793357
Notes: "February 2018"
Description: 1 online resource (26 pages, 14 unnumbered pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 24351.
Responsibility: Gordon Dahl, Andreas Kotsadam, Dan-Olof Rooth.

Abstract:

We examine whether exposure of men to women in a traditionally male-dominated environment can change attitudes about mixed-gender productivity, gender roles and gender identity. Our context is the military in Norway, where we randomly assigned female recruits to some squads but not others during boot camp. We find that living and working with women for 8 weeks causes men to adopt more egalitarian attitudes. There is a 14 percentage point increase in the fraction of men who think mixed-gender teams perform as well or better than same-gender teams, an 8 percentage point increase in men who think household work should be shared equally and a 14 percentage point increase in men who do not completely disavow feminine traits. Contrary to the predictions of many policymakers, we find no evidence that integrating women into squads hurt male recruits' satisfaction with boot camp or their plans to continue in the military. These findings provide evidence that even in a highly gender-skewed environment, gender stereotypes are malleable and can be altered by integrating members of the opposite sex.

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