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Drinking water treatment : focusing on appropriate technology and sustainability

Author: Chittaranjan Ray; Ravi Jain
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer, 2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

This book examines four sustainable drinking water treatment technologies that are simple, non-energy intensive, inexpensive and easy to maintain: solar pasteurization, membrane desalination, natural  Read more...

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Details

Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Chittaranjan Ray; Ravi Jain
OCLC Number: 815521750
Notes: Hardback.
Description: 300 Seiten : 78 b&w, 5 color Illustrationen, Illustrationen ; 24 x 16 x 2 cm
Contents: 1. INTRODUCTION - Chittaranjan Ray and Ravi Jain1.1 Nature and Extent of the Problem 1.2 Water Contaminants 1.3 Topics Covered 2. DRINKING WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY-COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS - Chittaranjan Ray and Ravi Jain2.1 Introduction2.2 Natural Filtration 2.3 Riverbank Filtration2.4 Slow Sand Filtration 2.5 Membrane Filtration2.6 Solar Distillation2.7 Solar Pasteurization 2.8 Technology Development Challenges2.9 Technological Implementation-Case Studies 3. SOLAR PASTEURIZATION - Ed Pejack3.1 Microbiology of Water Pasteurization 3.2 Use of Solar Cookers for Drinking Water Production 3.3 Devices Designed Specifically for Water 3.4 Simple devices from common materials 3.5 Commercial Devices in Production3.6 Devices with Recovery Heat Exchange 3.7 Water Pasteurization Indicators 3.8 Multi-Use Systems3.9 Summary 4. MEMBRANE DESALINATION - Kishore Rajagopalan4.1 Desalination Technologies 4.2 Thermal Desalination Technologies 4.3 Membrane Processes 4.4 Emerging Membrane Technologies4.5 Global Growth of Membrane Desalination4.6 Desalination Environment Interactions 4.7 Mitigation of Environmental Impacts 4.8 Membrane-Based Desalination at the Small and Medium Scale4.9 Integrated Approaches4.10 Conclusions 4.11 References 5. BANK FILTRATION AS NATURAL FILTRATION - Chittaranjan Ray, Jay Jasperse, and Thomas Grischek5.1 Introduction5.2 Natural Filtration's Implications for Sustainability5.3 How Does It Work?5.4 Regulatory Perspective5.5 Key Planning Considerations5.6 Site Characterization 5.7 Design Considerations5.8 Operational Considerations5.9 How Well Does It Work?5.10 Performance Assessment of RBF Systems 5.11 Areas of Future Study and Technology Development 5.12 Implementation, Challenges, Strategies 6. SOLAR DISTILLATION - Rahul Dev and G.N. Tiwari6.1 Introduction 6.2 Water characterization6.3 Solar Distillation: Basic Principle 6.4 Historical Background: Evaluation Process of Solar Stills6.5 Broad Classification of Solar Still 6.6 Various Methods of Fixing the Glass Cover onto the Solar Still Walls6.7 Heat Transfer and Thermal Modeling 6.8 Thermal Analysis: Development of Energy Balance Equations 6.10 Comparison of distillate yield for different active solar stills 6.11 Effect of Various Parameters 6.12 Cost, Energy and Exergy Issues Related to Water Production Through Solar Stills6.13 CO2 Emission, CO2 Mitigation and Carbon Credit Earned 6.14 Technology Transfer 6.15 Challenges in Adoption 7. TRANSDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS - Ravi Jain7.1 Sustainability Concepts and Differing Views7.2 Industrial Practices: Suggested Options7.3 Sustainability of Technology in Developing Countries 7.4 Sustainability Framework 7.5 Technology Transfer and Implementation 1.1 Nature and Extent of the Problem 1.2 Water Contaminants 1.3 Topics Covered 2. DRINKING WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY-COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS - Chittaranjan Ray and Ravi Jain2.1 Introduction2.2 Natural Filtration 2.3 Riverbank Filtration2.4 Slow Sand Filtration 2.5 Membrane Filtration2.6 Solar Distillation2.7 Solar Pasteurization 2.8 Technology Development Challenges2.9 Technological Implementation-Case Studies 3. SOLAR PASTEURIZATION - Ed Pejack3.1 Microbiology of Water Pasteurization 3.2 Use of Solar Cookers for Drinking Water Production 3.3 Devices Designed Specifically for Water 3.4 Simple devices from common materials 3.5 Commercial Devices in Production3.6 Devices with Recovery Heat Exchange 3.7 Water Pasteurization Indicators 3.8 Multi-Use Systems3.9 Summary 4. MEMBRANE DESALINATION - Kishore Rajagopalan4.1 Desalination Technologies 4.2 Thermal Desalination Technologies 4.3 Membrane Processes 4.4 Emerging Membrane Technologies4.5 Global Growth of Membrane Desalination4.6 Desalination Environment Interactions 4.7 Mitigation of Environmental Impacts 4.8 Membrane-Based Desalination at the Small and Medium Scale4.9 Integrated Approaches4.10 Conclusions 4.11 References 5. BANK FILTRATION AS NATURAL FILTRATION - Chittaranjan Ray, Jay Jasperse, and Thomas Grischek5.1 Introduction5.2 Natural Filtration's Implications for Sustainability5.3 How Does It Work?5.4 Regulatory Perspective5.5 Key Planning Considerations5.6 Site Characterization 5.7 Design Considerations5.8 Operational Considerations5.9 How Well Does It Work?5.10 Performance Assessment of RBF Systems 5.11 Areas of Future Study and Technology Development 5.12 Implementation, Challenges, Strategies 6. SOLAR DISTILLATION - Rahul Dev and G.N. Tiwari6.1 Introduction 6.2 Water characterization6.3 Solar Distillation: Basic Principle 6.4 Historical Background: Evaluation Process of Solar Stills6.5 Broad Classification of Solar Still 6.6 Various Methods of Fixing the Glass Cover onto the Solar Still Walls6.7 Heat Transfer and Thermal Modeling 6.8 Thermal Analysis: Development of Energy Balance Equations 6.10 Comparison of distillate yield for different active solar stills 6.11 Effect of Various Parameters 6.12 Cost, Energy and Exergy Issues Related to Water Production Through Solar Stills6.13 CO2 Emission, CO2 Mitigation and Carbon Credit Earned 6.14 Technology Transfer 6.15 Challenges in Adoption 7. TRANSDISCIPLINARY ANALYSIS - Ravi Jain7.1 Sustainability Concepts and Differing Views7.2 Industrial Practices: Suggested Options7.3 Sustainability of Technology in Developing Countries 7.4 Sustainability Framework 7.5 Technology Transfer and Implementation
Responsibility: edited by Chittaranjan Ray, Ravi Jain.

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