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Early eighteenth century Palatine emigration; a British Government redemptioner project to manufacture naval stores. With a foreword by Dixon Ryan Fox.

Author: Walter Allen Knittle
Publisher: Baltimore, Genealogical Pub. Co., 1965.
Dissertation: University of Pennsylvania 1931. Originally published in 1937
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Walter Allen Knittle
OCLC Number: 476940
Description: xix, 320 pages illustrations, facsimiles, maps, portraits 23 cm
Contents: I. The causes of the early "Palatine" emigrations --
A. The emigrations studied --
B. Area in Germany affected by the emigrations --
C. Causes --
Devastation of war --
Severe winter of 1708 --
Oppressive taxation --
Religion and land hunger --
Liberal advertising of British colonies --
Favorable attitude of British government --
II. The small Palatine emigration of 1708 --
A. Members of the band --
B. The trip down the Rhine River --
C. Generous treatment in England --
D. The settlement at Newburgh, New York --
E. Financial difficulties of the colony --
Kocherthal's connection with the 1709 emigration --
III. The 1709 Palatine Emigration --
A. The emigration toward England --
The preparations in Germany --
The journey down the Rhine River --
Subsistence and transportation to England supplied by the British government --
The attempts to halt the unexpectedly large migration --
B. The Palatines in England --
The size of the immigration --
The care of the Palatines in London --
Condition of the Palatines --
Relations of Palatines with English populace --
The difficulties of the government in relieving itself o the expense of the Palatines in London --
a. Attempts to keep lists fail --
b. Rio de la Plata proposal --
c. Employment in Welsh mines --
d. Newfoundland fisheries proposal --
e. The proposal to settle in western England (Marquis of Kent) --
f. West Indies proposal --
g. Attempts to settle in England --
h. Proposal to settle in Scilly Islands --
i. Proposed settlement in Jamaica --
j. Enlistments --
k. The return of the Papists to Holland --
C. Reasons for the absence of proposals from William Penn --
IV. The Palatine Settlements in Ireland and North Carolina --
A. Ireland --
The invitation to send Palatines to Ireland --
The commissioners for settling the poor distressed Palatines in Ireland --
The government subsidies become objects of speculation --
The desertion of the settlements --
The attempts to make the settlement successful --
a. Mr. Crockett's mission --
b. Subsidies for twenty-one years --
The assimilation of the Palatines --
B. North Carolina --
Lords Proprietors' proposal --
Michel and his Swiss emigrants --
Graffenried's opportunity --
Voyage and settlement under adverse conditions --
Political difficulties in North Carolina --
The Indian Massacre --
The financial difficulties cause the failure of the settlement --
The settlers without titles to their lands go to the frontier. V. The British Naval scores problem and the origin of the New York Settlement scheme --
A. Naval stores --
an English necessity --
B. History of the Stockholm (Swedish) Tar companies --
Early companies --
The 1689 company pushes its advantage --
The English desire for the carrying trade --
The unfavorable balance of trade with Sweden --
The Northern War makes conditions worse --
C. The early interest in colonial production of naval stores --
D. The attempts to secure colonial naval stores up to 1708 --
The request for importation bids --
The Navy Board Commissioners investigate New England possibilities --
Governor Bellomont's interest in the problem --
The Bounty Act of 1704 --
The fear of woolen manufactures in the northern colonies --
Bridger appointed Surveyor of Woods --
E. The origin of the New York settlement scheme --
Naval stores mentioned incidentally for Palatines of 1708 --
The Scotch settlement proposal of 1705 --
The society scheme drawn up by Halifax --
The proposal to settle Palatines in New York --
F. The decision and plans for a government settlement in New York --
G. The reasons for selecting New York --
VI. The government tar industry in operation --
A. The conditions of life in the Hudson River settlements --
B. The management --
The organization --
The supplies --
The finances --
C. The manufacturing of tar --
Bridger's defection --
The 1711 expedition against Canada --
Sackett, Bridger's successor, in charge --
The Palatine Commission to forward the work --
Signs of progress in the tar-making --
Tar manufacturing methods --
Poor results from Palatine efforts --
D. The reasons for the failure --
Poor instruction and unwilling labor --
Financial difficulties force the end of government subsistence --
The effect of the "Ministerial Revolution" of 1710 upon the venture --
The parliamentary investigation of the Palatine immigration in 1711 --
Hunter's attempt to collect the debts incurred --
VIII. The Palatine settlements on the frontier of the Old West --
A. The dispersal --
The Palatines receive permission to leave the government project --
The suffering of the Germans in the winter of 1712 --
The Palatine preparations to go to Schoharie --
The method of acquiring land titles --
B. The Schoharie frontier settlements --
Journey to Schoharie --
The seven villages of the Palatines --
Starting life all over in the Schoharie Valley --
Social conditions --
C. Relations with the provincial government --
Reasons for Hunter's opposition --
The Bayard incident --
The grant of the Palatine lands to the Seven Partners --
Pressure on the Germans to accept the terms --
The Vrooman incidents and the attempt to arrest Weiser --
The Palatine mission to London --
Hunter's return to England and his opposition --
D. The Palatines extend the frontier in the Mohawk Valley and the "Great Valley" of Pennsylvania --
Governor Burnet's orders and the first grants in the Mohawk Valley --
The movement to the Tulpehocken section around Womelsdorf, Pennsylvania --
More Palatine grants and purchases int he Mohawk Valley --
The continuation of Palatine immigration to Pennsylvania --
Reasons for the choice of Pennsylvania rather than New York --
The New York naturalization act of 1715 --
The importance of pamphlet advertising in the Rhineland --
E. The Palatines as frontiersmen --
The hopes of the Board of Trade --
The relations of the Palatines with the French and Indians --
A suggested modification of Frederick Jackson Turner's thesis of the frontier influence --
IX. Conclusion. Appendices: --
The Kocherthal Party --
the 1708 emigration --
The First Board of Trade List of Palatines in London (May 6, 1709) --
The embarkation lists from Holland --
The Roman Catholic Palatines returned to Holland --
The New York subsistence list --
The Simmendinger register --
The Pennsylvania Palatine lists --
The Petition list of Palatines in North Carolina --
The Irish Palatine list.

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