The early upper palaeolithic of the middle Danube region (Book, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
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The early upper palaeolithic of the middle Danube region

Author: Philip R Nigst
Publisher: Leiden : Leiden University Press, ©2012.
Series: Studies in human evolution.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Philip R Nigst
ISBN: 9789087281595 9087281595
OCLC Number: 788274488
Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--Universität Leipzig, 2009.
Description: 379 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 28 cm.
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction --
2. The Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition: Background information --
2.1. The late Middle Palaeolithic --
2.2. The transitional technocomplexes --
2.3. The Bohunician --
2.4. The Proto-Aurignacian and Early Aurignacian --
3. Models, model expectations, theoretical background, and methods --
3.1. Models and model expectations --
3.2. Technological style and units of analysis --
3.3. Raw material transformation and reduction sequence --
3.3.1. Idealized reduction sequence --
3.3.2. Raw material transformation --
3.4. Attribute analysis --
3.4.1. Attribute Group A --
3.4.2. Attribute group B --
3.4.3. Attribute group C --
3.4.4. Attribute group D --
3.4.5. Attribute group E --
3.4.6. Attribute group F --
3.4.7. Attribute group G --
3.4.8. Attribute group H --
3.4.9. Attribute group I --
3.4.10. Attribute group J --
3.4.11. Attribute group K --
3.5. Refitting analysis --
3.6. Describing and comparing the reduction sequences --
3.7. Summary --
4. Sites and sampling strategy --
4.1. Willendorf II --
4.1.1. Site location --
4.1.2. History of research --
4.1.3. Stratigraphy --
4.1.4. Site formation and excavation strategy --
4.1.5. Studied assemblages and sampling strategies --
4.2. Vedrovice V --
4.2.1. Site location --
4.2.2. History of research --
4.2.3. Stratigraphy --
4.2.4. Site formation and excavation strategy --
4.2.5. Studied assemblage and sampling strategy --
4.3. Stratzing 94 --
4.3.1. Site location --
4.3.2. History of research --
4.3.3. Stratigraphy --
4.3.4. Site formation and excavation strategy --
4.3.5. Studied assemblages and sampling strategy --
4.4. Stranska skala IIIc --
4.4.1. Site location --
4.4.2. History of research --
4.4.3. Stratigraphy --
4.4.4. Site formation and excavation strategy --
4.4.5. Studied assemblages and sampling strategy --
4.5. Assemblages used for comparison --
4.5.1. Kulna Cave-Layer 7a --
4.5.2. Stranska skala IIIa-Layer 4 --
4.5.3. The grouped assemblages of Stranska skala IIa-Layer 4 and Stranska skala IIIa-Layer 3 --
4.6. Summary --
5. Technological analysis --
5.1. Willendorf II --
AH 2 --
5.1.1. General assemblage description --
5.1.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.1.3. Decortification and initial core preparation (Step B) and core preparation (Step C) --
5.1.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.1.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (steps E to H) --
5.2. Willendorf II --
AH 3 --
5.2.1. General assemblage description --
5.2.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.2.3. Decortification and initial core preparation (Step B) and core preparation (Step C) --
5.2.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.2.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (Steps E to H) --
5.3. Willendorf II --
AH 4 --
5.3.1. General assemblage composition --
5.3.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.3.3. Decortification and initial core preparation (Step B) and core preparation (Step C) --
5.3.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.3.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (Steps E to H) --
5.4. Vedrovice V --
5.4.1. General assemblage composition --
5.4.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.4.3. Decortification and core preparation (Steps B and C) --
5.4.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.4.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (Steps E to H) --
5.5. Stratzing 94 --
AH 1 --
5.5.1. General assemblage composition --
5.5.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.5.3. Decortification and initial core preparation (Step B) and core preparation (Step C) --
5.5.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.5.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (Steps E to H) --
5.6. Stratzing 94 --
AH 2 --
5.6.1. General assemblage composition --
5.6.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.6.3. Decortification and initial core preparation (Step B) and core preparation (Step C) --
5.6.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.6.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (Steps E to H) --
5.7. Stranska skala IIIc --
5.7.1. General assemblage composition --
5.7.2. Raw material procurement and transport (Step A) --
5.7.3. Decortification and initial core preparation (Step B) and core preparation (Step C) --
5.7.4. Blank production (Step D) --
5.7.5. Tool production/modification, use, recycling, and re-use (Steps E to H) --
5.8. Summary --
6. Comparing the lithic technology --
6.1. Operational sequences of the studied assemblages based on the data provided in Chapter 5 --
6.1.1. Vedrovice V --
6.1.2. Willendorf II-AH 2 --
6.1.3. Willendorf II-AH 3 --
6.1.4. Willendorf II-AH 4 --
6.1.5. Stratzing 94-AH 1 --
6.1.6. Stratzing 94-AH 2 --
6.1.7. Stranska skala IIIc --
6.2. A first comparison between the assemblages of Vedrovice V, Willendorf II-AH 2, Willendorf II-AH 3, Willendorf II-AH 4, Stratzing 94-AH 1, Stratzing 94-AH 2, Stranska skala IIIc, and other assemblages (data from literature) --
6.3. Comparison of knapping behaviours along the operational sequences: Pair-wise assemblage comparison using a measure of difference --
6.3.1. Comparing the assemblages of Willendorf II-AH 2, Willendorf II-AH 3, Willendorf II-AH 4, Vedrovice V, Stratzing 94-AH 2, and Stranska skala IIIc --
6.3.2. Comparing the studied assemblages of Willendorf II-AH 2, Willendorf II-AH 3, Willendorf II-AH 4, Vedrovice V, Stratzing 94-AH 2, and Stranska skala IIIc with data from the literature for the assemblages of Kulna Cave-Layer 7a, Stranska skala IIIa-Layer 4, and the grouped assemblages of Stranska skala IIa-Layer 4 and Stranska skala IIIa-Layer [ect.] --
6.4. Summary of the measures of difference: Differences and similarities between the assemblages of Willendorf II-AH 2, Willendorf II-AH 3, Willendorf II-AH 4, Vedrovice V, Stratzing 94-AH 2, and Stranska skala IIIc, Kulna Cave-Layer 7a, Stranska skala IIIa-Layer 4, and the grouped assemblages of Stranska skala IIa-Layer 4 and Stranska skala IIIa-Layer [ect.] --
7. The chronostratigraphic sequence of the Marine Isotope stage 3 of the Middle Danube region --
8. Results and discussion --
8.1. Evaluation of the method --
8.2. The attribution of the assemblage of Willendorf II-AH 2 --
8.3. Bladelets in the EUP of the Middle Danube region --
8.3.1. Bladelets in the Aurignacian of the Middle Danube region --
8.3.2. Bladelets in the Szeletian and Bohunician of the Middle Danube region --
8.3.3. Carinated pieces in the Szeletian and Bohunician of the Middle Danube region --
8.4. What does the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in the Middle Danube region look like? --
8.5. Is there evidence of a local evolution of the Early Upper Palaeolithic without influence from outside? --
8.6. Does the regional patterning of the EUP technocomplexes support an early or late appearance of the Aurignacian? --
8.7. The question of a Proto-Aurignacian in Central Europe --
The Krems-Hundssteig site and its evidence --
8.8. Implications --
8.8.1. The diffusion and stimulus diffusion models for the development of the Szeletian and the Bohunician/IUP as marker for the first AMH in Europe --
8.8.2. Local evolution of the Chatelperronian, Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician, and Uluzzian? --
9. Conclusion --
9.1. Archaeological results --
9.1.1. The Szeletian of Willendorf II-AH 2 --
9.1.2. Bladelet production in the EUP of the Middle Danube region --
9.1.3. Similarities in lithic technology between the Szeletian and Bohunician and no support for the local evolution model for the development of the Szeletian --
9.1.4. Aurignacian during Greenland Interstadial 11 (44/42 ka cal BP) and its implications for the development of some of the transitional technocomplexes in Europe --
9.2. Implications for the dispersal of anatomically modern humans into Europe --
9.3. Implications and directions for future research.
Series Title: Studies in human evolution.
Responsibility: Philip R. Nigst.

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