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Ecological silviculture : foundations and applications

Author: Brian Palik; Anthony W D'Amato; Jerry F Franklin; K Norman Johnson
Publisher: Long Grove, Illinois : Waveland Press, Inc., [2021] ©2021
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Brian Palik; Anthony W D'Amato; Jerry F Franklin; K Norman Johnson
ISBN: 9781478638476 1478638478
OCLC Number: 1182844472
Description: xv, 343 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: pt. I A Background on Ecological Forestry and Silviculture --
ch. 1 Forestry in the Twenty-First Century --
A Context for Forestry in the Twenty-First Century --
The Global Forest --
Forestry After World War II --
The Changing Drivers of Forest Management --
Ecosystem Science and Ecological Silviculture --
The Greening of Forestry --
Our Beliefs for Ecological Silviculture --
The Tenets of Ecological Silviculture --
What You Will Learn from This Book --
ch. 2 What Is Ecological Forestry? --
Ecological Forestry and Timber-Focused Forestry: A Comparison --
Contrasting Fundamental Principles --
Contrasting Ecological Implications --
Contrasting Economic Implications --
Contrasting Social Implications --
Contrasting Silvicultural Considerations --
Relationship of Ecological Forestry to Other Ecological Approaches --
Close-To-Nature Forestry --
Complex Adaptive Systems Approach --
Ecological Restoration --
What to Remember about Ecological Forestry --
ch. 3 An Overview of Silviculture --
What is Silviculture, Classically? --
Historical Operating Paradigms --
The Major Silvicultural Systems and Associated Methods and Treatments --
Site Preparation Treatments --
Tending Treatments --
Silviculture: An Ecological Approach --
Historical Origins --
Ecological Silviculture in a Twenty-First Century Context --
Relationships to Classical Silviculture --
Ecological Operating Principles --
Moving Forward --
pt. II Forest Dynamics Relevant to Ecological Silviculture --
ch. 4 Natural Disturbances and Biological Legacies --
The Nature of Natural Disturbance --
Biological Legacies Defined --
Living Organisms --
Organically Derived Structures --
Organically Derived Patterns --
Functions of Biological Legacies --
A General Model of Disturbance and Legacy Creation --
Disturbance Scale --
Disturbance Agent --
Interaction between Disturbance Scale and Agent --
What to Remember about Natural Disturbance and Biological Legacies --
ch. 5 Forest Development Patterns and Processes --
Forest Development Stages --
Disturbance and Legacy Creation Event --
Preforest Stage --
Forest Canopy Closure --
Young Forest Stage --
Mature Forest Stage --
Old Forest Stage --
Recovery Periods between Disturbance Events --
What to Remember about Forest Development Patterns and Processes --
ch. 6 Natural Disturbance Archetypes --
Archetype 1 Forests initiated by Infrequent Severe Disturbance --
Example: Douglas-Fir-Western Hemlock Forests of Western North America --
Developmental Pathway --
Variations on the Archetype --
Other Examples of the Archetype --
Archetype 2 Forest Characterized by Frequent Low-Severity Fire Disturbance --
Example: Ponderosa Pine and Dry Mixed-Conifer Forests of Western North America --
Developmental Dynamics --
Variations on the Archetype --
Other Examples of the Archetype --
Archetype 3 Forests Characterized by Gap-Scale Wind Disturbance --
Example: Northern Hardwood Forests of Northeastern North America --
Developmental Pathway --
Archetype 4 Forest Development with Mixed-Severity Disturbances --
Example: Red Pine Forests of the Western Great Lakes Region, North America --
Developmental Pathway --
Variations on the Archetype --
Other examples of the Archetype --
Utility of the Forest Archetypes --
pt. III Applying Principles of Natural Models to Silviculture --
ch. 7 Incorporating Continuity into Silviculture: Legacy Retention in Regeneration Harvests --
Biological Legacies Revisited --
Legacy Retention in Practice --
Legacy Retention in Classical Regeneration Systems --
Legacies in Even-Aged Regeneration Systems --
Legacies in Two-Cohort Regeneration Systems --
Legacies in Uneven-Aged Regeneration Systems --
Retaining Biological Legacies: What, How Much, Where, and Over Time --
What to Retain? --
Structural Retention --
Compositional Retention --
How Much to Retain? --
Retention with Selection Systems --
How and Where to Retain Legacies? --
Retention in the Matrix --
Spatial Pattern in Group Openings --
How to Account for Retention over Time --
Landscape Considerations --
What to Remember About Managing for Continuity with Legacy Retention --
ch. 8 Managing for Complexity, Diversity, and Heterogeneity in Established Stands --
Revisiting Complexity/Diversity in Maturing Stands --
The Complexity of Thinning: Timber Production versus Ecological Motivations --
Small-Scale Canopy Disturbance --
Variable Density Thinning (with contributions by Derek Churchill) --
Modifying Selection Systems to Enhance Spatial Heterogeneity --
Decadence Creation --
How Much Deadwood Is Enough? --
The Complexity of Time: Silvicultural Interventions at Ecologically Appropriate Time Intervals --
What to Remember about Managing for Complexity/Diversity in Established Stands --
ch. 9 The Context of Silviculture at Landscape Scales --
Landscape Organization and Silviculture --
Networks and Gradients --
Patchworks --
Edge and Edge Effects --
Connectivity --
Areas of Special Concern --
Areas of Conservation Concern --
Areas of Cultural Importance --
Shades of Green Landscapes --
What to Remember about Landscape Context --
pt. IV Ecological Silvicultural Systems for Major Archetypes --
ch. 10 An Introduction to Ecological Silvicultural Systems --
ch. 11 Silviculture for Archetype 1 Ecosystems: Forests Subject to Infrequent Severe Disturbances --
The Douglas-Fir-Western Hemlock Ecosystem --
Relevance of the Natural Model to Silvicultural Approaches --
The Evolution of Timber-Focused Silviculture in the Douglas-Fir-Western Hemlock Forest --
Ecological Silviculture for the Douglas-Fir-Western Hemlock Forest --
An Ecological Silvicultural System for Douglas-Fir-Western Hemlock (Archetype 1) Ecosystems --
Silviculture by Developmental Stage --
Examples of Ecological Silviculture in Practice --
Example 1 Accelerating Development of Structural Complexity in Simplified Stands --
Example 2 Legacy Retention in Maturing Stands --
What to Remember about Silviculture for Archetype 1 Ecosystems --
ch. 12 Silviculture for Archetype 2 Ecosystems: Forest Characterized by Frequent Low-Severity Fire Disturbance --
Ponderosa Pine and Dry Mixed-Conifer Forests of Western North America --
Evolution of Timber-Focused Silviculture in Ponderosa Pine and Dry Mixed- Conifer Forests --
Early Exploitation, Grazing, and Fire Suppression (1860s ~ 1930s) --
Development of Silvicultural Systems for Ponderosa Pine (1940s to 1960s) --
Maturation of Timber-Focused Silviculture (1970s ~ Present Day) --
Key Contrasts between the Natural and Timber-Focused Models --
The Shift to Fire Risk Reduction, Restoration, and Resilience --
Fuel Reduction --
Restoration, Resilience, and Adaptive Capacity --
An Ecological Silvicultural System for Ponderosa Pine and Dry Mixed Conifer Forest --
Beyond Restoration: The Need for a Long-Term Silvicultural System --
Key Elements of an Ecological Silvicultural System --
Silviculture by Forest Structural Condition --
Examples of Ecological Silviculture in Practice --
Klamath Tribe and Fremont-Winema National Forest --
What to Remember about Silviculture for Archetype 2 Ecosystems --
ch. 13 Silviculture for Archetype 3 Ecosystems: Forests with Frequent Gap-Scale Disturbance Regimes --
Northern Hardwood Forests as a Natural Resource --
Evolution of Timber Production Silviculture for Northern Hardwood Forests --
Current Challenges to Northern Hardwood Silviculture --
An Ecological Silvicultural System for Northern Hardwood (Archetype 3) Ecosystems --
Silviculture by Developmental Stage/Event --
Examples of Ecological Silviculture in Practice --
Silviculture with Birds in Mind, Vermont Department of Forests, Parks and Recreation and Audubon Vermont --
Big Tree Silviculture, Wisconsin DNR --
What to Remember about Silviculture for Archetype 3 Ecosystems --
ch. 14 Silviculture for Archetype 4 Ecosystems: Forests with Mixed-Severity Disturbances --
The Great Lakes Red Pine Ecosystem --
Red Pine Forests as a Timber Resource --
Timber-Focused Silviculture for Red Pine Forests --
Relationship of a Timber-Focused Model to an Ecological Model --
An Ecological Silvicultural System for Red Pine (Archetype 4) Ecosystems --
Silviculture by Developmental Stage/Event --
Examples of Ecological Silviculture in Practice --
Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan, USA --
Chippewa National Forest, Minnesota, USA --
What to Remember about Silviculture for Archetype 4 Ecosystems --
pt. V Additional Considerations --
ch. 15 Ecological Silviculture for Riparian Forests --
What is a Riparian Forest, Functionally? --
Deadwood Recruitment --
Particulate Organic Matter Flux --
Regulation of Solar Radiation --
Bank Stability --
Regulating the Movement of Nutrients, Sediment, and Organic Matter --
Habitat --
Riparian Forests in Space and Time --
Management Implications --
Riparian Forests as Ecotones --
Ecological Silviculture for the Riparian Ecotone --
Incorporating Continuity into Riparian Forest Silviculture --
Managing for Complexity and Diversity in Riparian Forests --
The Timing of Silvicultural Activities --
The Context of Riparian Silviculture --
Ecological Guidelines for Riparian Silviculture --
ch. 16 Silviculture in the Face of Climate Uncertainty --
A Background on Climate Change and Forests --
What We Know --
What We Don't Know with Certainty --
Silviculture in the Face of Climate Uncertainty --
Incorporating Climate Change Uncertainty into Silvicultural Considerations --
General Considerations When Developing Silvicultural Prescriptions --
Climate Change Considerations Note continued: Silvicultural Strategies and Approaches to Adapt Forests to Climate Change --
Strategies --
Silvicultural Approaches --
Density Management --
Manipulating Composition --
Reducing Threats from Extreme Events --
A Reminder about Natural Models and Reducing Threats --
What to Remember about Silviculture in the Face of Climate Change Uncertainty --
ch. 17 Summary and Conclusions: Why Ecological Silviculture Matters --
Five Major Themes of Ecological Silviculture --
Themes --
Summary --
Ecological Silviculture's Place in the Forest Landscape --
Family Forest Owners --
Federal Forests --
State Trust Forests --
Tribal Forests --
Conservation Stewards and Forest Certification --
Preventing the Forest Management Divergence --
Conclusions.
Responsibility: Brian J. Palik, Anthony W. D'Amato, Jerry F. Franklin, K. Norman Johnson

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