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The economics of poverty and discrimination

Author: Bradley R Schiller
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall, ©2008.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 10th edView all editions and formats
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DSU Title III 2007-2012.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Bradley R Schiller
ISBN: 9780131889699 0131889699
OCLC Number: 124075024
Description: xviii, 334 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: pt. I. The dimensions of poverty and inequality --
1. Views of inequality and poverty --
The continuing controversy --
What to do? --
Too little government assistance? --
Or too much aid? --
Equity and efficiency --
Causes and cures --
Flawed character --
Restricted opportunity --
Big brother --
Self-interest --
Policy implications --
Historical perspectives --
Inequality --
Differing explanations --
Equity versus efficiency --
Dimensions of well-being --
Income versus wealth --
Transitory versus permanent income --
Life-cycle dynamics --
Public provisions --
Social equality --
Discrimination --
Poverty : drawing a line --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
2. Inequality --
Why inequality matters --
Costs of inequality --
Benefits of inequality --
Equity versus efficiency --
Inequality of what? --
Income concepts --
Unit of observation --
Trend distortions --
Alternative yardsticks --
Between-group averages --
Income shares --
The Lorenz curve --
Gini coefficient --
Normative versus objective observations --
Income mobility --
Stratification versus equality --
Sources of mobility --
Mobility patterns --
The mobility matrix --
Earnings mobility --
Income mobility --
Social inequality --
Summary --
Further readings --
Web links --
3. Counting the poor --
Poverty : drawing a line --
The absolute approach --
The relative approach --
The Fuchs point --
Whose standard? --
The official poverty line --
The concept of minimum needs --
Monetary measures --
Hardship indices --
Poverty thresholds --
The CEA line --
The SSA index --
The official poverty index --
The number of poor people --
The official poverty count --
The poverty rate --
How poor? --
Measurement problems --
Too low a standard? --
Too high a standard? --
In-kind income --
Underreporting --
Income mobility --
The uncounted poor --
Latent poverty --
Asset poverty --
The call for revision --
Characteristics of the poor --
Age and family status --
Geography and residence --
Labor force status --
Similarities and differences --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
4. Global poverty and inequality --
Global poverty thresholds --
National poverty lines --
World Bank thresholds --
Inflation --
Global poverty counts --
Social indicators --
Inequality --
Gini coefficients --
Income shares --
Unequal wealth --
Land ownership --
Stock market wealth --
Status mobility --
Inequity versus inequality --
Inequity and development --
Policy strategies --
The millennium goal --
Redistribution --
Foreign aid --
Economic growth --
Institutional reform --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links. pt. II. Causes of poverty --
5. Labor force participation --
Income sources --
Two-parent families --
Importance of sources --
Female-headed families --
Labor force status --
Participation and poverty --
The nonparticipants --
Unemployment --
The process of economic deterioration --
Subemployment --
Discouraged workers --
Other marginally attached workers --
Underemployment --
Subemployment --
Poverty implications --
The question of causation --
Do the poor really try? --
Macroeconomic forces --
Poverty impact of cyclical unemployment --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
6. The working poor --
Work experience and poverty --
Weeks of work and hours --
The working poor --
How much work? --
More measurement problems --
The significance of secondary workers --
Searching for explanations --
Minimum-wage jobs --
Coverage --
Low wages --
Poor jobs --
Why wages are so low --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
Appendix 1. Does prosperity trickle down? --
The trickle-down perspective --
The dual labor market perspective --
7. Age and health --
Age --
Declining poverty rate --
Diversity among the aged --
Sources of economic support --
New poverty or continuing poverty? --
Rising health costs --
Tax burdens --
Making do --
Assessing causation --
Health --
Health costs --
Causality --
Health insurance --
Intergenerational links --
Mental health --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
8. Family size and structure --
Family size --
Poverty rates --
The potential impact --
Declining family size --
The causal relation --
Family structure --
Changing family patterns --
Economic implications --
Poverty impact --
Causation --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
9. The underclass : culture and race --
The culture of poverty --
Norms versus traits --
A question of opportunities --
Wilson's underclass theory --
Testing the theory --
Direct tests of aspirations --
Indirect tests of predicted behavior --
Assessment --
The racial inferiority theory --
Intelligence and status --
IQ scores --
Resolving the issues --
Other complications --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
10. Education and ability --
Education and income --
Poverty rates --
Labor-market effects --
Increasing skill premiums --
Paths of causation --
Overlapping causes --
Education as a sorting device --
The content of education --
Ability and income --
Which ability matters? --
IQ and schooling --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
11. Discrimination in education --
Discrimination --
Attitudes versus action --
The relevancy standard --
Costs and benefits of discrimination --
Proving discrimination --
Racial discrimination in education --
Disparate outcomes --
School segregation --
Equality of facilities --
Inherent inequalities --
Class discrimination in education --
Economic segregation --
School finances --
Educational attainments --
The question of ability --
Sex discrimination in education --
Gender segregation --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
12. Discrimination in the labor market --
Racial discrimination in the labor market --
Locus of discrimination --
Disparities in earnings --
Educational differences --
Components of earnings disparities --
Who discriminates? --
Labor unions --
Employers --
Class discrimination in the labor market --
Sex discrimination in the labor market --
Occupational segregation --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links. pt. III. Policy options --
13. Welfare programs --
Welfare versus social insurance --
Types of income transfers --
Welfare : the cash assistance programs --
Inadequacies --
Inequities --
Family disincentives --
Saving disincentives --
Work disincentives --
Conflicting welfare goals --
The goal compromise --
Welfare reforms, 1982-2002 --
State experiments, 1982-1988 --
The Family Support Act of 1988 --
State waivers, 1991-1995 --
PRWORA : the 1996 welfare reforms --
Observed effects --
Welfare : the in-kind programs --
Food stamps --
Medicaid --
Housing assistance --
Nutrition programs --
The welfare package --
Revisiting the goal conflict --
Continuing welfare reforms --
Transitional assistance --
Contingency funds --
Work requirements --
Family formation --
2005 reauthorization --
The limits of welfare --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
14. Social insurance programs --
Social Security --
OASDHI programs --
Financing --
Benefits --
Poverty impact --
Reform options --
Medicare --
Hospital insurance --
Supplemental medical insurance 267 Poverty impact --
Unemployment insurance --
Eligibility conditions --
Benefits --
Poverty impact --
Child-support enforcement --
Child-support gaps --
Enforcement policies --
Poverty impact --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
15. Employment policies --
Aggregate demand policies --
Demand management --
Full employment versus price stability --
The Phillips curve --
The quality of jobs --
Training programs --
Structural unemployment --
Program experience --
Generic problems --
"Living wage" laws --
Employment tax credits --
Employer credits --
Employee credits : the EITC --
Family policy --
A coordinated approach --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
16. Equal opportunity policies --
Equal employment opportunity policies --
The EEOC --
The OFCCP --
Quotas and guidelines --
Reverse discrimination --
Comparable worth --
Class-based preferences --
Equal education opportunity policies --
Limits on federal policy --
De jure versus de facto segregation --
Housing patterns --
Busing --
Fiscal disparities --
Compensatory education --
College admissions --
School-based quotas --
Summary --
Further reading --
Web links --
17. Direction and prospects --
The causes of poverty --
Policy directions --
Welfare reform --
Social insurance --
Education and training --
Macroeconomic policy --
Equal opportunity --
Causes, attitudes, and policy.
Responsibility: Bradley R. Schiller.
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Abstract:

DSU Title III 2007-2012.

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   schema:description "pt. III. Policy options -- 13. Welfare programs -- Welfare versus social insurance -- Types of income transfers -- Welfare : the cash assistance programs -- Inadequacies -- Inequities -- Family disincentives -- Saving disincentives -- Work disincentives -- Conflicting welfare goals -- The goal compromise -- Welfare reforms, 1982-2002 -- State experiments, 1982-1988 -- The Family Support Act of 1988 -- State waivers, 1991-1995 -- PRWORA : the 1996 welfare reforms -- Observed effects -- Welfare : the in-kind programs -- Food stamps -- Medicaid -- Housing assistance -- Nutrition programs -- The welfare package -- Revisiting the goal conflict -- Continuing welfare reforms -- Transitional assistance -- Contingency funds -- Work requirements -- Family formation -- 2005 reauthorization -- The limits of welfare -- Summary -- Further reading -- Web links -- 14. Social insurance programs -- Social Security -- OASDHI programs -- Financing -- Benefits -- Poverty impact -- Reform options -- Medicare -- Hospital insurance -- Supplemental medical insurance 267 Poverty impact -- Unemployment insurance -- Eligibility conditions -- Benefits -- Poverty impact -- Child-support enforcement -- Child-support gaps -- Enforcement policies -- Poverty impact -- Summary -- Further reading -- Web links -- 15. Employment policies -- Aggregate demand policies -- Demand management -- Full employment versus price stability -- The Phillips curve -- The quality of jobs -- Training programs -- Structural unemployment -- Program experience -- Generic problems -- "Living wage" laws -- Employment tax credits -- Employer credits -- Employee credits : the EITC -- Family policy -- A coordinated approach -- Summary -- Further reading -- Web links -- 16. Equal opportunity policies -- Equal employment opportunity policies -- The EEOC -- The OFCCP -- Quotas and guidelines -- Reverse discrimination -- Comparable worth -- Class-based preferences -- Equal education opportunity policies -- Limits on federal policy -- De jure versus de facto segregation -- Housing patterns -- Busing -- Fiscal disparities -- Compensatory education -- College admissions -- School-based quotas -- Summary -- Further reading -- Web links -- 17. Direction and prospects -- The causes of poverty -- Policy directions -- Welfare reform -- Social insurance -- Education and training -- Macroeconomic policy -- Equal opportunity -- Causes, attitudes, and policy."@en ;
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