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Effects of conservation tillage on ground water quality : nitrates and pesticides

Author: Terry J Logan
Publisher: Milton : CRC Press, 2018.
Series: CRC Revivals.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Nowadays the environmental sustainability of the cropping systems is increasingly requested by the consumers. Conventional tillage practices, totally turning over the soil between the vineyard rows, may cause erosion due to rain as well as structure destruction of the soil in the long term. Conservation tillage is a soil management technique, poorly widespread in Sardinia, allowing cover cropping between vineyard  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Logan, Terry J.
Effects Conservation Tillage On Ground Water Quality : Nitrates and Pesticides.
Milton : CRC Press, ©2018
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Terry J Logan
ISBN: 9781351080071 1351080075 9781351071628 1351071629 9781351088527 1351088521 9781351080088 1351080083 9781351096973 1351096974
OCLC Number: 1020690432
Description: 1 online resource (313 pages).
Contents: Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Preface; Acknowledgments; Contents; Section I: Overview of Conservation Tillage Systems in the United States; Chapter 1: Overview of Conservation Tillage; Chapter 2: Overview of Pest Management for Conservation Tillage System; Chapter 3: Overview of Nitrogen Management for Conservation Tillage System; Chapter 4: Overview of Rural Nonpoint Pollution in the Lake Erie Basin; Section II: Effect of Conservation Tillage Systems on Soil Physical, Chemical, and Biological Processes; Chapter 5: Hydrologic Soil Parameters Affected by Tillage. Chapter 6: Hydrologic Effects of Conservation Tillage and Their Importance Relative to Water QualityChapter 7: Soil Chemical and Biological Properties As Affected by Conservation Tillage: Environmental Implications; Chapter 8: Effect of Conservation Tillage on Biological and Chemical Soil Conditions: Regional and Temporal Variability; Section III: Effect of Conservation Tillage Systems on Fate and Transport of Applied; Chapter 9: The Effects of Conservation Tillage Practices on Pesticide Volatilization and Degradation; Chapter 10: Effect of Conservation Tillage on Pesticide Dissipation. Chapter 11: Processes Influencing Pesticide Loss with Water under Conservation TillageChapter 12: Effects of Conservation Tillage on Pesticide Loss with Water; Chapter 13: Effect of Conservation Tillage on Fate and Transport of Nitrogen; Chapter 14: Effect of Conservation Tillage on Processes Affecting Nitrogen Management; Section IV: Selected Topics on Conservation Tillage Systems; Chapter 15: Manure Management with Conservation Tillage; Chapter 16: An Assessment of Great Lakes Tillage Practices and Their Potential Impact on Water Quality; Summary and Conclusions; Index.
Series Title: CRC Revivals.
Responsibility: Terry J. Logan, James M. Davidson, James L. Baker, Michael R. Overcash.

Abstract:

"Nowadays the environmental sustainability of the cropping systems is increasingly requested by the consumers. Conventional tillage practices, totally turning over the soil between the vineyard rows, may cause erosion due to rain as well as structure destruction of the soil in the long term. Conservation tillage is a soil management technique, poorly widespread in Sardinia, allowing cover cropping between vineyard rows. Furthermore, this technique makes the canopy development control of herbage possible by cutting it up during specific phenological phases. Conservation tillage usually involves direct benefits to farmers such as increasing soil fertility as well as reductionof tillage costs, soil erosion and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the atmosphere. This long term trial, during at least five years aims to assess the conservation tillage impact on chemical-physical soil characteristics in comparison with traditional tillage by evaluating the change of organic matter, C.E.C. and availability of major plant nutrients in the soil and to estimate their probable rise. The field plots are located in a 35% slope condition vineyard, showing massive erosion problem and organic matter low content. A split/plot design with four replications was set up, with the comparison between conservation and traditional tillage apart as main plots. Moreover, the effects of two different irrigation levels were evaluated in the subplots of each main plot. At the beginning of the trial (2011) a pedological survey was made. Three soil profiles were described and sampled along the field slope and soil sampling in each plot were made both to characterize the soil and to find the zero point. The soil chemical and physical characteristics were monitored through a second soil sampling made at the end of 2013. Conservation tillage caused increasing organic matter content and C.E.C. values. As for major plant nutrients in soil, results were more uncertain. Grapevine yield and quality parameters did not show any negative effect when passing from conventional to conservation tillage techniques. The trial provided a preliminary positive evaluation of conservation tillage. However, more years are required to confirm this trend."--Provided by publisher.

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